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It is strange; however, that Japan has not completely ended its ODA efforts in China despite the problems that it is facing. It seems that Japan has a more well thought plan about ODA to China, a plan that is not affected by the short run but concentrates on objectives that could work out well for Japan as the Asia region become more stable.
My hypothesis is that Japan wants to provide ODA to China because it seeks to create an atmosphere where it can prosper economically and politically. It is true that there have been instances where there was a chance of the removal of the assistance for example after the Tiananmen Square incident and during the war. However it seems that Japan is moving beyond an economic-centred foreign policy programme. Rather my hypothesis is that Japan is trying to play a tit for tat game here. It seeks to give additional aid to China so that China is willing to abide the international laws and norms. This would lead to the creation of both a political and an economic environment that may be helpful in the development of trade and foreign direct investment and may also be lead to the institutionalization of democracy.
Japan’s ODA in China is a topic which has attracted a lot of attention. A lot of scholars have searched about the issue out of the curiosity of Japan’s actions. For many, Japan’s actions are an attempt to contribute towards world peace. For others, however, the acceptance of the giving of trade is a part of the strategic policy of Japan that aims to paint a rosy picture of Japan in international relations.
Many scholars have studied the trends in the periods of Japan-China assistance. Wu, for example, divides them into three time periods, the development time, the adjustment time and the conversion time (Wu, 2008). The development time was from the year 1979 to 1989 when Japan was
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Many regions of Japan have experienced serious earthquakes and tidal waves. The worst earthquake in Japan’s history is the Great Kanto Earthquake, which struck Kanto Plain near Tokyo in 1923. In this earthquake, over 100, 000 people lost their lives.
With the constant consumption of these resources at an alarming pace, depletion of natural resources is becoming a very renowned term. Retaining the planet’s vitality is proportional to the resources we conserve. The pattern of resource consumption in China is such that it is consuming resources like farmland, water and timber with twice more frequency than their efforts directed towards these resources’ renewal for development purposes.
However, the scenario has started to change completely from 1985 onwards. Japan has started to undergo a severe economic crisis from 1985 onwards. Growth in all sectors has been collapsed and deflation started to embrace Japan as a result of this crisis. According to Takeo Hoshi and Anil K Kashyap (2004), Japan’s Financial Crisis and Economic Stagnation may cost the “taxpayers is at least 20 percent of Japan’s GDP.
Statistics show that there are more than fifty ethnic groups that call China home. China has a population of 1.34 billion people. There is no official religion in China due to the fact that it is a communist state. Half of the population in China do not have any religious affiliations and in some cases identify themselves as atheists.
Each cau'tic 'oda 'olution u'er i' re'pon'ible for de'ign and implementation of a 'torage and handling 'y'tem that i' 'uitable for it' individual facility.
Dow manufacturing facilitie' and terminal' can deliver 50% cau'tic 'oda 'olution in a fleet of 'tainle'' 'teel or lined tank truck', in'ulated and lined tank car', barge', or marine ve''el'.
To present a clearer picture the paper will present the culture and the relationship of Japan with Australia.
This research proposal will mainly deal with how Japan has successfully established their Soft Power in Australia and how the same works in the favour of Japan.