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Having knowledge of the structure of the DNA gave biologists insight into the processes of DNA translation and transcription. Scientists were able to understand how genes interacted with the environment and how they could be isolated from the DNA strand. This allowed scientists to manipulate genes and change the characteristics of organisms. Recent breakthroughs in science and the process of how genes code for proteins have enabled scientists to even create organisms. Genetically modified crops are a creation of genetic engineering and the processes of gene manipulation. Crops were selected that had the desired features and their genes were manipulated and isolated to make crops with the desired qualities. These crops were called genetically modified, transgenic or genetically engineered crops; hence the phase genetically modified (GM) refers to that breed of crops that has been altered through genetic engineering (Forman 8).
Genetically modified crops are aimed to provide commercial and social advantages (Silberglitt 22). The golden rice contains high levels of beta-carotene that is not present in rice and so allows animals to make vitamin A. In countries like Bangladesh, rice is the staple diet, and so many people and children face severe deficiency of vitamin A, suffering from blindness and high mortality. Genetic engineers predict that the growth and consumption of golden rice in Asian countries can counter the stark conditions of malnutrition, mortality and blindness that is common in these areas. Although the traits of crops are changed to make them more resistant, concerns over the safety of the crops have risen dramatically over time and has fueled heated debates in the Europe, and to a lesser extent, in the US. In a nutshell, the basis for such debates is that transgenic organisms are a new breed, and can be likened to tampering with nature. They can impact both the environment and humans negatively and may
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Moreover, this paper explores numerous aspects of genetically modified organisms in order to achieve the research objectives. In this case, this research paper will cover aspects such as historical background, political, legal and economical impact of the GMO.
Genetically modified crops, “first emerged in the early 1990s” and have since gained both considerable support and controversy (Stastop, pg. 668). With the ability to produce super-resistant and productive crop strains of such products as soybeans, corn, canola, and cotton-seed oil, genetically modified strains have found support for use both for economic reasons as well as a means of supporting impoverished regions.
Genetically Modified Foods.
Technology advancements have been experienced in various fields of the economy, agriculture and medicine included. In the field of agriculture, due to the increased frequency of drought and crop diseases, it has been necessary to find ways of increasing yields, which has been realized by the introduction of genetically modified foods.
The paper also discusses the negative and positive impacts of genetically produced foods on the human population globally. In addition, the paper also discusses the possible solutions to the problems caused by the genetically produced food products.
Genetic modification has a potential to offer many improvements in the quantity and quality of the world’s food supply, especially if the genuine concerns regarding its safety, impact on the environment and ethics are addressed in a satisfactory manner.
Through the process of selective breeding, “fruits of exotic taste, roses with specific colors and fragrances, and chickens that lay eggs that are lower in cholesterol content” (Daunert et al: p.327) have been developed. The process is considered as harmless genetic manipulation when there is no inter-species crossing.
ering has however met mixed reactions with some opinions suggesting its negative impacts on the environment and campaigning against it while some opinions claim its benefits to the environment. Each of these arguments has been supported by scientific research based theories.
Due to lack of extensive testing, it is very difficult to argue that the use of genetically modified crops is safe for human use. This is why genetically modified crop can lead to health risks. The presence of doubt with regards to the GMC poses
Most of the subsisting genetically modified crops have been altered to enhance yield, through improved tolerance of herbicides or enhanced resistance to plant diseases. The future of genetic modification may entail changing the nutrient content of food, enhancing
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