It is the process by which the plants produce energy from the sunlight to produce sugar which in turn is used for cellular respiration to produce ATP, the store of energy of the cells. This conversion of the less used…
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Chlorophyll absorbs all wavelengths of the visible light except the green light, which is reflected out. The chlorophyll is a complex molecule. Being complex it ahs undergone a lot of modifications and as a result chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, xanthophylls and carotenoids are found in the leaf. Carotenoids and chlorophyll b absorbs some of the green wavelength energy. Chlorophyll a receives it energy from the blue-violet and reddish orange wavelength. As the intensity of the light increases, the increase of the photosynthesis is observed. (Giacometti and Giacometti, 2009). The present study was performed to determine the effect of the color on the photosynthesis rate, the rate of photosynthesis, the rate of oxygen uptake was determined for this experiment.
Chromatography is the process of separation of the solutes. Paper chromatography is the process of separating the pigments that are present in the chlorophyll into fractions based on their molecular weight. The porosity of the paper helps in the separation using petroleum ether –acetone solvent. The plant emits oxygen when the photosynthesis reactions take place. If the intensity of the light is higher, then the rate of photosynthesis is higher. At the same time if the light is kept closer to the leaf, it should also increases the photosynthesis rate because the intensity is directly proportional to the photosynthesis. The action spectra have color of various wavelengths shorter to longer. If the wavelength is small then the intensity of the light should be higher. This indicates that the color with greater intensity will have greater photosynthetic rate. When the red, green , blue light are used as the light source for the photosynthesis reaction, then the light of shorter wavelength should produce maximum intensity , therefore the photosynthesis will be greater. Of the three colors the blue has the shorter wavelength, so it should produce higher photosynthetic rate.
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A popular example of biotechnology is the “golden rice” which involves genetic modification for the purported purpose of introducing more nutrients and vitamins, particularly Vitamin A. The genetic manipulation facilitates the production of carotenoids in the grain’s endosperm, thus giving it the yellow hue that gave rise to its name.
This definition is by far the broadest given for biotechnology. Biotechnology has been employed even in pre-historic times. Traditional food like wine, vinegar, cheese, and bread are just a few of the products of biotechnology. Modern biotechnology products are those that were produced with genetically altered microorganisms or organisms to produce medicine, antibiotics, hormones, proteins, amino acids, and biofuels.
According to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, “Biotechnology means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.
1), angiogenesis is, “the growth of new blood vessels - is an important natural process occurring in the body, both in health and in disease. Angiogenesis occurs in the healthy body for healing wounds and for restoring blood flow to
These activities have been in practice from ancient times. So no matter how one puts it, biotechnology has been a lucrative field of biology for mankind. Biotechnology is the branch of biology that deals with the application of living
Pharmaceutical companies follow similar pathways for the discovery of drugs. Although each company has its own standards and measures for measuring successful drug discovery, the most appropriate measures are ensured to meet safety and effectiveness standards in patients
The primary literature source written by Peter Dickos with the title The Next Frontier In Food: FDA Regulation Of Genetically Engineered Animals explains the various aspects of genetically engineered animals and
The focus of this essay will be on the upstream and downstream processing, and then discuss the significance of real time quality control and product analysis technology. In a broad definition, upstream