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enal functioning, the working of the liver as well as visual problems and vascular changes which may predispose a person to fatal conditions like atherosclerosis. This paper aims to achieve the following three objectives of briefly explaining:
There are two types of Diabetes i.e. type on and type two. Diabetes mellitus type one presents with weight loss and the patient complains of increased thirst, hunger and urination. The patient develops low blood glucose levels often and ketosis is also seen in them. As the patient is not able to produce insulin within the body, the only treatment option for them is the intravenous administration of insulin to control the levels of blood glucose. Insulin pumps can also be used for the delivery of insulin within the body.
In diabetes type 2 the disease progresses with the loss of responsiveness of the tissues of the body to insulin. That is they become resistant to the effect of this hormone and hence the metabolism of glucose is altered. The increased levels of insulin and high blood glucose levels alter the functioning of the beta cells which initially respond by increased secretion of the hormone. When this affect does not show a significant result there is loss of function of the beta cells.
Diabetes becomes an even more dangerous disease in its latter stages when it is not being controlled. If early treatment of diabetes is not done in some cases it is seen that amputation is required. By amputation here it is meant that an organ has to be cut off from the body. If the person does not control diabetes it can also lead to heart failure or a heart attack. At times it is seen that diabetes leads to the blockage of vessels in the body. Diabetes can also effect sensitive organs of the body such as eye. It can form a cataract in the eye because of which the vision of an individual is impaired.
Diabetes is a slow poison as it slowly affects the person’s metabolic processes. It is necessary that an individual controls it and
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In addition, other pertinent issues such as the risk factors associated with the subject will be presented. Pathophysiological Mechanisms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis and the Risk Factors Associated with it Patients who are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are highly susceptible to develop a condition known as the Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA).
Insulin produced by the pancreatic gland, and for people with diabetes, little or no insulin produced. As a result, since the "glucose is not broken down it accumulates in the blood" and passes as urine (Zazworsky & Bolin, 2005). The body lacks energy and patients become extremely weak.
The study has initially identified risk factors: both systemic and local, which increases preponderance for the development of foot ulcers. Specifically, seven variables were noted to be directly associated with the development of foot ulcers, to wit: neuropathy, callus, deformity, elevated peak pressure, vascular disease, ill-fitting footwear.
Impaired microvascular circulation hinders white cell migration in the area of infections and limits the ability of antibiotic reach the infected area. The diabetic foot maybe predisposed to both common and unusual infectious or non-infectious process. This is because of the complex of nature of diabetes, it's associated vascular, and neuropathic complications.
It is a common disease that affects 2% of the total population. A person having this condition experiences dark spots, blurriness or strange blotches.
The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy progresses through three distinct stages. There should be a clear understanding of the pathophysiology of every stage in order to have a rational approach.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that using debridement in managing diabetic foot ulcers must be considered based on a wider context for diabetic patients, specifically considering their personal qualities and preferences which may indicate different applications of the treatment.
It was an overwhelming task and sounded impossible because I had a busy schedule. Also, the only thing I knew was to go to the grocery shop when I had plenty of time. I spent a couple hours reading labels. If that was the type of food that I wanted or thought