This paper gives a critical discussion of Kant's theory of religion. Immanuel Kant was one of the most prominent philosophers in the history of Western philosophy. His philosophy of religion has amazed many including his warmest admirers…
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The researcher states that in what has been grouped as his philosophy of religion, Kant gives an extensive discussion on the immortality of the soul, arguments for the existence of God and his attributes, the ‘moral argument’ for God, moral principles’ relationship to religious practice and belief as well as the problem of evil. He also gives criticisms of organized religion, among others. Before the 1781publication of the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant’s major interest lay in the theoretical standing and function of the concept of God. Therefore, he sought to locate this concept within a methodically ordered set of basic philosophical principles, which give an account of the world’s structure and order. As he developed his critical philosophy, Kant proposed a new philosophical principles’ role in understanding the world’s structure and order. Consequently, the critical project had an important effect upon the way he treated the role as well as the status of the concept of God within the hypothetical enterprise of metaphysics. Furthermore, Kant uses the critical philosophy as a locus for addressing more explicitly other key aspects of the concepts of God and religion than he had done in his former writings. Chief among these are the moral and the religious importance that humans ascribe to the concept of God. Important to note is the fact that throughout his entire career, Kant's interest in the theoretical function and status of the concept of God persists.
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The power of thought enables a man to differentiate between right and wrong. The power of will is the freedom to do anything and the power of love is what keeps the human beings from killing each other. If a man has these three powers to an absolute degree, he is thought to be perfect.
The author explains the formulation that executes Kant’s deontology which is categorical imperative. According to Kant, imperatives imply what they meant which are command such as “wake up early”. Often they are hypothetical imperative because they only serve a specific objective or purpose such as “wake up early so you will not be later for work.
Kant presented no definition of it. I analyzed that Kant dedicated no endeavor to analyzing it. Notably, Kant stayed unambiguously divergent to any approach conceited to ground ethics teleologically in the predictable realization of ends. Kant discarded the effort to found ethics upon the expected realization of empirical ends.
In eighteenth century philosophical thought was swaying between the conception of giving dominance to mind or material. Reason was pitched against religion and religion was becoming the casualty. It was Kant who opened new vistas of philosophical thought. He argued, first time in modern philosophy, that mind is not like a clean slate on which the senses and material engrave their impressions which force humans to act later on.
His findings provide a wide spectrum of implications in order to establish the frameworks of Absolute Empiricism,Absolute Rationalism and Absolute Idealism.In the realm of any ethical theory,there are some standpoints that can be taken,so an ethical system could be Deontological,Teleological,Consequentialist,Relativism/Subjectivism,and Virtue Based Theories.
Kant was also able to plot a course of philosophy toward rationalism and away from empiricism. Kant relied on reason and was able to demonstrate that experience and sensation could not account for nature or our actions. Kant remained sympathetic to empiricism and suggested the duality of reason and knowledge as two separate spheres of endeavor.
One of the moral ethics that provide these descriptions is Immanuel Kant’s Moral ethics theory. This theory has three concepts that guide on the description of ethics. First, it points out that a maxim is acceptable if it can
The author states that Kant progressed the ideology of formulation of international treaties to enhance international understanding and exchange of idea. In his view, he argued that wars result from the lack of nations to terminate war-triggering factors like unbalanced sharing of resources, like water or minerals.
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