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The field of psychology is trying to groom personalities keeping in view that our actions are reflective of our thoughts. Human behaviour is a set of actions that a particular person exhibit as a reaction to the given state of affairs. In real life man can conclude by reasoning from self evident principles. Amazingly even after decades of advent of psychology, many theorists presented theories explaining behaviour yet they fail to present a standardized theory applicable to all individuals. This lack of harmony encountered by behaviourists concerning the behaviour problems signifies the complexity faced in the identification of behaviour problems and planning for intervention.
Behaviour refers to the actions of an organism in relation to its environment. However (Papatheodorou, 2005) said that there is not a single definition of behaviour which can fully satisfy the people working with children. Everyone’s perspectives of understanding behaviour are different. Over the period of time many theories evolved trying to comprehend human behaviour in various aspects. A brief overview of the popular ones’ are discussed as follows:
Behaviour in terms of biological perspective is the outcome of various biological principles such as genetics, evolution and brain activity. Our brain relates to perceptions, thinking, and other aspects of abnormal behaviour. Behaviour is largely understood as the result of electrochemical activities that take place within our nerve cells. (Gerrig J, 2007).
Intervention means exerting an influence to modify current state of affairs. In order to treat the symptoms of mind disorders and emotional disturbance drug therapy is used which include regular use of prescribed medications for treatment. (www.minddisorders.com)
Behaviourist perception is that ‘personality is a collection of learned behavioural patterns’. It continues to lay stress on objective observations
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Any deviation from the established conduct is regarded as deviance or abnormal behaviour (Altshuler, 2003). However, different societies have various standards applied in the determination of normal and abnormal behaviour and hence certain behaviours could be acceptable in particular community but abhorred in another.
Significantly, maladaptive behaviour is an indication of the level of abnormality or mental dysfunction in a human being. There are several factors influencing an individual’s abnormal or maladaptive behaviour and the psychological theories differ considerably in the way each of them explain maladaptive behaviour.
Theories advanced from various growth and development studies suggest that different factors contribute to the development of particular behaviour in children both during the early stages of growth and later in their lives (Bronfenbrener & Anderson 1979, p.
Probably that is why each perspective that once claimed to reveal the determinants of human development was subsequently found to have serious limitations and replaced by other theories, which in their turn proved limited too.
The origins of behaviourist perspective - a major theory successfully applied to explain human development - can be traced back to John Watson (1878 - 1958) whom was the first to formulate the principles of modern behaviourism.
These things give him pleasure, make him feel ritualistic, provides alertness and keeps him away from sleepiness and laziness. This help him to work for hours continuously without sleep or rest. It provides extra energy to work and increase concentration of person.
Given such a context, certain desirable qualities are necessary in the therapists who take up the responsibility in transforming lives of others. Trainers of these would be therapists are on lookout for such desirable qualities in their trainees. To judge a trainee as competent, evidence is collected from trainer's own personal experience, case studies, observations from live recordings or live counseling sessions.
d the most obvious outcome of the efforts is the fact that human behaviour is overwhelmingly complex, and there are only few areas that can be understood with an acceptable degree of accuracy. Therefore, each perspective that claimed to discover the determinants of human
In these regards, some of the most important elements concern competitive advantage; as its been noted that organizations must continually engage is improvement to maintain their market share. A number of important strategic elements
tem of criminal justice has a due reliance on the link established between specific illegal behaviors as well as the obvious application of painful and punitive sanctions. These are generally inclusive of the elimination of various freedoms as well as exposure to various living
Such theories were drawn from the experiences and practices of early leading entrepreneurs in their course to figure out what often motivates employees in an organisation. For an organisation to achieve
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