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Today, close to 58 countries around the world actively employ the penalty against those who commit capital offenses. Although close to 96 countries have abolished the use of death penalties against humans, several others still have it still entrenched within their judicial systems without practicing it for at least the last ten years owing to its controversial nature.
The death penalty has drawn great and uncommon controversy throughout the world with different groups and members of society taking different stands concerning the subject. In fact, the subject of death penalty is a matter of active debate even among states, nations and territories. With regard to the subject, people often take differing stands even though they may share similar political, religious and cultural ideologies. This paper discusses the subject of death penalty and will mainly focus on the pros and cons of employing the mode of punishment according to different viewers and commentators.
The death penalty is the pre-meditated and planned process of killing a human being in reaction to an offence committed by the person (Banner, 2002).. Also known as capital punishment, the act is normally done by a government against a person who has legally been convicted through a legal or judicial process.
There are several methods that have been employed in executing capital punishments against people accused of committing capital offenses as noted by Hood (2002). Historically, the death sentence was carried out mostly in the most painful of ways. In many ancient societies, convicts were often stoned to death while in other societies the convicts’ heads were severed using different means. For example in ancient Russia, executioners used swords to chop of the heads of those who were condemned to die while in France, the victim’s head was cut off using a guillotine.
Ferocious or venomous animals were also used in some societies to cause the deaths of those who
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“Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1566585-pros-and-cons-of-the-death-penalty.
Arguments in support and in opposition of capital punishment or death sentence have been on academic discourse and moral as well as religious circles for quite sometime. The proponent’s grand argument has been that whenever murderers are sentenced to death and later executed, criminals or would-be criminals committing the same are made to rethink their approach to life.
The recent report entitled “Death Sentences and Executions 2010” has revealed that “at least 2024 new death sentences were known to have been imposed in 67 countries in 2010”. For the countries that continue to support capital punishment contends that “they are acting responsibly not only in their countries but also with international law.
Michigan, Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, District of Columbia, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, Maine, North Dakota, Minnesota, West Virginia, Iowa, and Vermont are the American states/places in which death penalty is prohibited. In all the other American states, death penalty is legal.
Some of the most civilized countries like United States advocate death penalty to hard core criminals for the protection of the lives of the innocent people even though trials leading to death penalty are the most expensive way of punishment. Being a Christian country, America cannot justify death penalty on moral grounds.
On one side of the issue, the death penalty is based on the concept of an ‘eye for an eye,’ and that one should receive the corresponding punishment for one’s actions. On the other side of this issue, the death penalty is considered an inhumane and a harsh punishment to implement within an imperfect criminal justice system.
In any case, the data are readily available and researchers should be able to answer the question. Of course, this would not resolve the ethical issues surrounding the question, but that is another matter (Capital Punishment and Homicide: Sociological Realities and Econometric Illusions, 2004) Capital punishment or death penalty is one of the major controversial subjects in the current world.
Various states have had their opinions about death penalty with some upholding it while others scrapping it from the laws. However, there exists no general agreement as to whether the death penalty is an effective punishment to deal with
The author of this paper states that ethics is an important aspect of human beings that should be exercised and observed all the time. It comprises of the societal values that everyone accepts as the standards of governing behaviors. Similarly, being moral is also tied to ethics as they are exercised collectively by the society.
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