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However, it should be noted that crime rates in countries where capital punishment prevail, are almost similar to that other countries where capital punishment is illegal.
“Capital punishment never allows a criminal to change his behaviour as in the case of other forms of punishments”(10 Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment, 2010). Correction is the ultimate objective of every punishment. Capital punishment provides no opportunity to the criminal for correcting his antisocial behaviour. In other words, capital punishment cannot be considered a punishment, but it is an act of killing. By providing capital punishment to a killer, criminal justice system is also doing the same mistake as committed by the criminal. In other words, the activities of the criminal justices system and that of the criminal may not be different while providing capital punishment. Both are doing the same act; taking the life of another person.
American criminal justice system believes that “partisan advocacy of both sides on a case will promote the ultimate objective that the guilty be convicted and the innocent go free” (Ferdic et al, 2008, p.37). There are chances of wrongly punishing an innocent person because of the circumstantial evidences or the fabricated evidences. The ultimate aim of every criminal justice system is that no innocent should be punished even if thousands of criminals escaped. Capital punishment is an irreversible act and nobody can return the life of a person if that person found innocent later.
“One of the studies has shown that capital punishment is around 70% expensive compared to non death penalty cases or life imprisonment cases” (Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty (Capital Punishment), 2009). Compared to other types of punishment, capital punishment is an expensive act. Life terms are cheaper than capital punishment. Capital punishment
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Some raise questions over ethical acceptability of the issue as well. The societies have in the past punished the criminals by sentencing them to death but now with the modernization of the world, there are many nations which have abolished the death penalty.
A punishment which was put into effect in 1500 in England was opposed by many academics in 1750 which included Cesare Beccaria who was the Italian jurist; Voltaire who was the French philosopher; and, Jeremy Bentham and Samuel Romilly who were the English law reformers.
Sustein and Vermeule (704) points out that most refutations to capital punishment are based on the points that it is “inherently cruel and barbaric”, and cannot be imposed in any way possible that adheres to the rule of law, and as it is administered currently, it could lead to the execution of some innocent people.
This unusual situation can take place when the decision is made to support a moral justice or a greater good. This paper will concentrate on capital punishment or the death penalty, a practice that some people consider as morally right while others disagree.
As a result, society developed systems of punishing those who commit serious crimes such as killing, stealing felony among others. One such way of punishing offenders was death penalty. Ideally, the authorities came up with procedures to be used in determining the crimes that warrant death penalty, the steps to be followed while executing individuals among others.
By contrast, the abolitionists see the impact of executions as a statement of pervasive importance about the relationship between the government and the individual. Abolitionists in the United States view capital punishment as a fundamental political issue; proponents usually assert that the question is neither fundamental nor political.
According to Robert Ruby’s “Capital Punishment’s Constant Constituency: An American Majority,” capital punishment has long since been a heated topic of debate of fairness and of constitutional rights and ethics. Between the years of 1972 and 2007, the Supreme Court has gone through many moments of indecision in concerns of the capital punishment.
The practice is not uniform across the states in the US. Some of the states do not allow capital punishment while others have the law permitting capital punishment. However, execution procedures may differ. As of May 2013, the District of Columbia and 18 other States have abolished the capital punishment for any kind of crime whatsoever.
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