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duct lines, and the changes made by the company in tune with the environment for survival, including the changes that may be required to be implemented in the light of the experience.
Copier Business used to be the mainstay of Xerox, and they were market leaders in copiers business. The brand Xerox hold such a sway in the market place, that photocopying is referred to as Xerox or Xeroxing and found its way to dictionaries, verb & noun. Entry of IBM into the copier business and the Japanese products such as Ricoh and Canon into the markets in the beginning of seventies and mid seventies became a threat to its monopoly in the copier market. However, a perceptible shift in the technology, consumer preferences, competition from smaller players, changes in distribution patterns, introduction of low cost printers, fax machines with copying facilities, scanners, etc., coupled with downturn in work stations business and its subsequent closure forced the company into diversification.
‘In 1988 Xerox underwent a $275 million restructuring, cutting 2,000 jobs, shrinking its electronic typewriter output, dropping its medical systems business, and creating a new marketing organization, Integrated Systems Operations, to get new technologies into the marketplace more effectively.’ (International Directory of Company Histories, 1999). It is in this scenario of downtrend, we have to understand the changes that have been taking place in Xerox to face these challenges. In line with the emergence of social media and the new trends in the society, as explained in an interview with Christa Carone, the CMO of Xerox, ‘they encourage every employee to become part of the voice of the company. They developed friendly guidelines that empower employees and encourage them to use social media on behalf of the company.’ (Francois, March 3rd, 2010). We will find in this paper that this progressive policy of the company, as in the case of social media, has been reflected in decision
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Strategies formulated ensure that resources held with an organization are allocated properly and are directed towards achieving organizational goals. The properly framed strategies often ensure organizations with higher profitability along with facilitating them to retain competitive advantages as well as help them in sustaining business for a long time.
In Wisconsin, a state of the United States, the employee labor union is a strong prospect. The numbers of members are growing day-by-day. This paper is related to the struggles faced by the public employee union of the state during an issue related to the collective bargaining.
The present day labor unions in the United States concentrate on collective bargaining rights over wages, benefits and working conditions. There are two umbrella organizations with which most unions are connected. They are the American Federation of Labor- Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) which had its beginning in 1955 and Change to Win Federation which had its birth from AFL-CIO in 2005.
It can be derived from the report and the previous research conducted on the topic that organization multiculturalism is the acceptance and nurturing of individuals from different cultural backgrounds. Multiculturalism in an organization entails having a workforce derived from different cultural, gender, racial and ethnic background.
In this scenario, how the individual approaches the situation i.e. whether the person tries to find a solution or try to run away from it. Whatever steps the individual takes is the attitude of that individual. It would not be wrong to say that every step we take in life shows our attitude and this eventually decides our success and failure in life.
Organizational behaviour is considered as the study of the significance of individuals. The study will aim at assessing the role of organisational behaviour to mitigate the issues commonly witnessed by organisations taking into account the leadership approaches followed by organisational leaders in this concern.
Learning organization refers to the steps and elements organization needs to follow in order to become a learning organization; thus surviving effectively in the ever-changing environment. The idea of learning organization is based on the organization-learning model and this concept has become significantly attractive in the current organizations.
Political and Legal United States of America is politically stable. The government of the country encourages the organization to focus on its business performances as Walmart is the largest employer within the country. The organization recently faced issues like gender conflicts within the workplace.