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However, this was not always the case. Although there were behind the scenes talks between the two countries in the twenty years since the end of the war in 1975 it was not until 1995 that diplomatic relations were officially re-established. Since then the relationship between the two have been improving with each passing year. The present U.S. administration, headed by President Barack Obama has now officially designated the Republic of Vietnam as a “significant partner”. This paper will briefly outline the changes that have occurred in the last forty years, concluding that overall there is now a strong diplomatic and economic bond uniting the two nations.
The U.S. relationship with Vietnam in the twenty years leading up to 1995 was strained. Almost immediately after its victory over South Vietnam the new Republic further antagonised American interests by turning to the U.S.S.R. for military aid and financial assistance (Largo 2002). China, other smaller South East Asian nations and the United States were all concerned with the growing influenced of the Soviet Union in the region; ironically, the very reason that the U.S. had previously involved itself in the Vietnamese civil war. The Vietnamese decision to invade Cambodia in 1979 also strained an already tense relationship. The U.S. promised to continue the trade embargo put in place after 1975 until Vietnam removed its occupying forces from Cambodia (Largo 2002).
The prisoner of war issue also strained the relationship between the two countries. For many years after the end of the war in 1975 the U.S. claimed that Hanoi was not doing enough to repatriate American service personnel held prisoner during the war. While it is unlikely that American POW’s remained captive after the end of the war the image remained a strong one for many in the U.S; indeed, the image of the captive American was such a powerful cultural icon that it had a significant negative effect
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This study looks into the Great Inflation of the 1970s as the period during which the U.S experienced the worst economic downturn in recorded history. Characterized by high inflation and high unemployment, the Great Inflation of the 1970s was caused by poor monetary and fiscal policies by the Federal Reserve Bank, under political pressure from President Richard Nixon.
However it must be noted that the extent to which non-state actors are covered in a foreign policy is significantly lower than the other grounds. The principal concern of a foreign policy is to highlight the relationship between the country’s internal and external environment.
The Vietnam War is one of the Cold Wars that occurred in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam between November 1955 and April 1975. It occurred after First Indochina War between the government of South Vietnam backed up by the United States and other anti-communist nations, and the government of North Vietnam supported by communist allies.
the country’s coast line is 3,260 kilometers. The terrain of the country is characterized by a low, flat delta in the north and south. In the central part of the country are highlands and the far north and northwest pat for the country is mostly hilly and mountainous.
The current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq shows that if the costly lesson learned from Vietnam is not appreciated the U.S. will continue its foreign relations debacles which will further weaken its armed services, economic stability and political influence within the community of nations.
The writer starts off with highlighting the tremendous cost of the war in terms of human lives and suffering. The ending years were marked by increasing anti-war sentiments in the American public due to war weariness. This frustration caused by the never-ending war was culminated in a peace agreement in 1973 which meant the Americans were to withdraw their forces from the South Vietnamese territory.
The novel is centred around Giang Minh Sai, the son of a Confucian scholar in the rural Red River delta, and traces his story from early childhood through his decorated service during the American War, and his later efforts to adapt to the postwar world of urban Ha Noi.
1This implies the Vietnam conflict was not only a homemade conflict, but one that shaped foreign diplomatic approaches, and how the country handled foreign policies later, in addition to the effects of these policies on diplomatic relations later. These foreign policies related to massive interference of the civil war by other foreign countries, a situation that might have aggravated a delicate situation in Vietnam.
Enhanced training mechanism was also another success of CORDS programs. They made sure that the civilians in collaboration with the military were well trained on self-defense. CORDS program also synchronized development efforts of the military and civilian agencies by merging them into one military structure.