380 BCE) provides the Socratic dialogue concerning the order and character of the City-State and the dialogues in the book, among Socrates and various Athenians and foreigners, are noted for the discussion about the…
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tant exploration of the nature of justice in which he incorporates the proposal, criticism, and rejection of several inadequate definitions of the concept. When Cephalus explains justice as telling the truth and repaying one’s debts, Socrates points out various circumstances in which this definition does not work. It is important to recognize that Socrates’ explanation of justice covers the just person as well as the just City State and it refers to the harmonious relationship between people and states of opposing ideas. Through Socrates’ arguments concerning justice, Plato offers a convincing definition of justice, i.e. the having and doing of what is one’s own. According to Socrates, “one man should practice one thing only, the thing to which his nature was best adapted; now justice is this principle or part of it… Further … justice was doing one’s own business and not being a busybody…Then to do one’s own business in a certain way may be assumed to be justice.” (Plato, 126) Therefore, the final concept of ‘justice’ that Socrates explains in the Republic corresponds to the definition of justice by Plato, i.e. the having and doing of what is one’s own, and it refers to harmonious relationship between people and states.
In his philosophical piece The Republic, Plato makes a serious criticism against the poets through the various discussions by his protagonist Socrates, who wants to drive the poets out of the ‘beautiful city’. All through his discussions in The Republic, Socrates obviously associates the poets with the unessential and according to him the poets are unnecessary if the city is to be healthy. Thus, Socrates clearly maintains that the poets are beyond the ‘essential minimum’ and they are fundamental to the origin of the diseased, luxurious city of pigs. In both book 3 and book 10 of The Republic, Socrates offers convincing evidences about why he bans poets from the ‘beautiful city’ and he maintains that “there
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Aristotle was a student of Plato and a teacher of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great, and his works covered almost every aspect that affects human life from government to biology. He is considered, along with Socrates and Plato to be among the founding fathers of Western philosophy.
This is considered the same as heresy, which Socrates was found guilty of, as heresy is a religious opinion that contradicts the beliefs and teachings of the Roman Catholic. He was an atheist and did not believe that a God, or gods, existed.
Plato was a student, or a follower, of Socrates.
Plato's arguments were based on supposition; with an abstract form of deductive reasoning, one formulated a premise then sought confirmation of that premise in the material world. He was highly suspicious of empirical thought and observation and he dismissed the notion that anything of value in terms of truth could be found in the material world.
Most consider Machiavelli the inventor of modern politics, with his theory of "better to be feared than to be loved" (suite101.com). It was because his views of politics helped shape the politics of modern day that's why he was called the first significant modern political thinkers (suite101.com).
highlights of thought that have continued to present a profound impact upon the current world’s morality, religion, politics, and a litany of other sociological factors. Seeking to elaborate upon the full range of influential Greek philosophers would of course take the a book
The authors in question include, Plato John Rawls and so on. The various books in the analysis are Antigone, The Republic, and Gorgias. Socrates wants the judges and law makers to learn through investigation of individuals and says that
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