Importantly, social stratification refers to a social structure in which certain groups (such as racial, ethnic or religious groups) are organized in a hierarchical nature (Wellman, 1993: 43). As an international student and…
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Looking at the daily newspaper and the stories of violence between white Australians and Lebanese-Australians or violence perpetuated against Indian students in Victoria, one senses that racism is an ever-present aspect of the social condition here in Australia. Seeking to explore social stratification and racism through my personal experiences working in this country, the following will discuss this concept with relation to major sociological theories. Following this I will apply the issue of social stratification to modern Australian society and conclude with an overview of the major issues discussed. What have been my experiences with racism here in Australia? Have there been positive aspects about race here? What emotions and symbols are associated with my racial experiences in this country? How has this impacted your life? What could have happened differently and what would I change about race in this country? These questions and many more will be explored in relation to my analysis of racism and social stratification in Australia. I now turn to an analysis of social stratification through an exploration of the major sociological theories (Shaefer, 1998: 254-266)
Functionalism, one of oldest theoretical perspectives within sociology, focuses on the individual within society and seeks to apply scientific method to the social world. Furthermore, Functionalists argue that society is in fact an organ and espouse what is described as the organic unity of society. Thus, social systems exist for Functionalists because institutions themselves serve a variety of purposes (re: functions). Social systems are homeostatic and work to maintain equilibrium. Equilibrium is achieved, according to this theory, through socialization, where members of society are taught basic values and norms of society. Social control mechanisms – also known as sanctions – help maintain social equilibrium and keep individuals within the social unit in check.
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Sociology, on the other hand, is a scientific discipline that studies the society systematically. Sociology ideas can be successfully transposed to other contexts since they are determined after testing the beliefs against acquired evidence (Giddens 3). For instance, to demonstrate this point we’ll talk about a commonly accepted view about women who contract HIV.
The reliability as well as validity of life is to be recognized in the social living of human beings. It is fundamental to realize where one can find valid and reliable elements in life, because it helps in the transformation of one’s life. Significantly, reliability and validity in life is all about finding truths and using them for transforming the life.
The difficulties in defining social phenomena replicate differences within the field over the basic nature of the organization themselves, many of this becomes indefinite (Riley 15). Rational theories improve the initial definition of the definition they see organizations as instruments which are designed to accomplish objectives using the logical plans, rational division and impersonal rules.
It is the same thing happening in New Zealand until this day, but aside from that, it remains an important issue to know whether Christmas in this country still have religious significance. Concerning this point, illustrating the research question “Does Christmas in New Zealand have religious significance?
We are all living in the society in individual roles as well as within the group with or without knowing about the society and the elements and their interactions among one another in the society. The society in which we live consists of a large number of groups/elements, which have a large bearing on the way we behave and live.
and the modernization that occurs in societies and the determination of the universal social or even cultural mechanisms that hastens the process of changing society. (Dentler, 2002, p. 2).
In terms of culture, it is the study of the culture that signifies this group cultural
interaction, status refers to the different positions that individuals hold in the society and role denotes the expected behaviour of an individual in an interaction. Social interaction also helps sociologists understand how individuals construct reality. The reality of
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