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There are a couple of different theories as to how memory works. One suggests that the brain actually stores all the information we have ever experienced and that the problems of forgetting and remembering have more to do with how we store and retrieve information. Another theory indicates the brain works more like old videotape – the older the memory is, the more likely it is to have broken down, lost details or become blurry to the point of nonexistence. Regardless of which theory is correct, if either, understanding the factors that contribute to remembering more and forgetting less can help us strengthen our ability to remember details quicker and perhaps greatly enrich our lives.
There are several elements that contribute to forgetting. Forgetting is the term we use to discuss the loss of details about a particular event or memory that we once knew. It assumes that the information was once learned and stored in the brain but is now somehow irretrievable. At least five major theories have been explored to explain this event, all of which suggest what factors might be involved in the process. The decay theory suggests that forgetting occurs over time as unused information in the brain is simply lost because of its lack of importance in the face of other information (Frank, 2010). Information stored in the brain can also be distorted as a result of improper storage of information, allowing important details to be lost, or even through false memory in which wrong information has been stored. However, even memories that are retained correctly can be warped and shaped by the events that have occurred during the retention interval, another factor that contributes to forgetting. Interference refers to what happens “before, during, or after learning or memorizing. Activities done before a task may confuse the retention process or what psychologists call as proactive inhibition. The more
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For example, it would inform on the activities in the mind of a student who has been constantly discriminated against in school, say based on race. This information would help determine the best therapy that would make such a student feel the sense of belonging to the school community again.
euroses and psychological disturbances being the result of conflict between an individual’s natural instincts and the constraints imposed by the cultural environment. The evolutionary perspective builds upon this concept by posing the question – what is culture if not the
e objective of examining the influence of drinking habits of parents, siblings, and friends on regular drinking in adolescents and young adults cross-sectionally and longitudinally.
Several studies that have gone into the influence of familial use of alcohol, as in parents and
gy is likewise viewed as the area between sociology and individual psychology, wherein the social behaviour and mental experience of people are studied within the social context (Argyle et al, 1995).
Social psychology tries to understand the connection between minds, groups and
This was because I felt that it was important to master the universally accepted dictum.
I ran a cosmetics company in Morocco before I pursued the degree course. I gained a fair understanding of marketing basics and thus the same
general idea of “psychology” has always interested me, it is clear that I will have to explore the many areas within the subject to start refining my goals to include more specific directions of study. The general aim I have had in mind – to help people achieve mental
ified psychology because as asserted by Buss evolutionary theory explains the process of natural selection that is applicable to any part of nature (Buss 65). As such, evolutionary theory is used as a unifying construct in the field of social science. Evolutionary theory
but also for those who are happy to make them feel good and maintain their good moods for most of the time.as noted, people mostly university students believed in case one is not in good mood, one regains the mood by eating. The research however concluded that food should never