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Dewey then gives an example of religion; how religion can have a lasting and deep impact on the course of a nations history. Religion or a certain set of ideas can control peoples feelings and beliefs, and that is not any less of a control than that of political oppression.
Culture is also determines what elements of human nature dominate it, which have resulted in the belief that one aspect of human nature is the determining factor of human society. This is confusing the effect with the cause, as it is a societys culture that determines which aspect of human nature dominates according to Deweys argument.
So the basic idea of Deweys first chapter is that if political freedom is to be maintained it is through culture and not through the individuals, as they are themselves motivated and to a degree "controlled" by culture.
The exaggeration of one aspect of human nature as the sole motive behind human behavior is itself culture driven; this is well supported by historical facts. For every age gives rise to a motive of behavior that accords with its cultural needs. And the example Dewey gives is England during the industrial revolution; as the economic situation was intense it gave rise to the belief in a sole human motivator that is in harmony with this economical situation.
2- In chapter 2, Dewey discusses the differences that lie within the same society, how they might affect society and how they are not an objection to his theory of cultural domination over human behavior within society. In this chapter he concludes that: "No estimate of the effects of culture upon the elements that now make up freedom begins to be adequate that does not take into account the moral and religious splits that are found in our very make-up as persons. The problem of creation of genuine democracy cannot be successfully dealt with in theory or in practice save as we create intellectual and moral integration out of present disordered conditions." This perhaps sums up
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The author explains that in one his greatest works, Fear, and Trembling he wrote about how an individual should focus on his or her own choices and make their own decisions rather than being influenced by societal ideas and ideologies. In theology, he questioned the belief and faith of Christianity and the relationship between human beings and Jesus.
Faith according to Kierkegaard, is subjective, fervent, and a personal desire to attain everlasting happiness through appropriation. Faith deals with the decision-making aspects that an individual is confronted with an either-or situation. In this confrontation, he can either reject or accept subjectivity.
Concerns about learning as social reproduction have direct implications for vocational education, as the requirements for vocational practice are founded in proven practices that are constantly evolving. To counter or complicate Dewey's concerns is to concede the interplay between the social structuring of knowledge and individuals' agency.
He went on to argue that education is the control of the environment to hone skills that are necessary to live completely as humans. In 1910 he published the book How We Think, which became a staple among educators; helping to unravel the mind and better teach to it.
His look into the multifaceted changing nature of self and its many stages of individualism can be seen as one of the more contemporary takes on the concept of the examined life and its universal importance as it pertains to existence.
Kierkegaard's life did not extend far beyond his hometown of Copenhagen.
However, the general standard is constant because it provides the frame-work for a human community to exist in the first place. Dewey sought to reconcile the importance of critical inquiry with the requirements of social duty. Since human beings are naturally interdependent, the individual, as individual, does not establish the demands for moral action or the final principles of value.
There is a big fire and in between there is a walkway that is raised. Puppets of plants, animals and other things are moved on the walkway and they form shadows o the wall the prisoner watches the puppets moves. The prisoners tend to think that the puppets shadow speaks when the person moving the puppets talks and echo's it on the wall moving shadows.
Human beings find themselves constantly in an existential situation. For this reason, he described the stages of life as the movement at the self from one level of existence to another through an act. Personal behavior according to his
The main difference between the two versions is that Sartre, an atheist, fronts a rationale idea that the choices man make define their existence and their will shapes their image whilst Kierkegaard, a Christian, fronts a stronger idea
In which case, the traditional curriculum tends to tame the students to the customary ways of the society to ensure conformity. Keating takes a different course from the customary instructions and purpose to make the students use the curriculum as a
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