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Having to make decisions based on the general welfare of people or its capacity to bring about positive change is justifiable under all circumstances.
Consequentialism has been accepted by many realists, who understand that some actions, even if considered wrong with regard to moral rules, may have positive outcomes, benefitting a large number of people, which then justifies the act. The argument presented is to validate the superiority of Consequentialism over other ethical theories in practice.
It is important to defend the ethical theory of Consequentialism which can be the key to maintaining stability in the society, without forcing upon them a set of rules to accept as moral standards, giving them more realistic options, and allowing them to decide upon the moral implications of their actions based on its outcome. It requires to be accepted as a moral theory and not an incessant practical casuistry as alleged by opponents of Consequentialism.
Standard rules that define moral values are not practically feasible, as many decision making situations may be indefinable in terms of morality. Standard Consequentialism is a theory of decision. It attempts to identify, from a given set of options, the option which is right that an agent should take. The right option to any decision is the option that maximizes probable value or that which will have the best probable consequences, which directly aims at common welfare, which should be the underlying goal of an ethical theory such as in Consequentialism. The function which determines what is the right decision is also the function which ought to be applied in decision-making: it serves at once to evaluate options, and to select them. (Pettit) Consequentialism promotes a more realistic and futuristic approach to define moral standards, implying that, a certain act may be justified by its
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(“Consequentialism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
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(Consequentialism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Consequentialism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1563601-consequentialism.
However, the issue here is that Mr. Handsome is a womaniser who is into verbal and physical harassment of ladies. Now, the issue is known to many people in the company and outside, and Veronica, being a director, is supposed to do something at the earliest to solve the problem.
Our news had been filled with corporate scandals lately that ranged from the stock manipulation of ImClone Systems stock (Sclafani, Jennifer 2009), to exotic accounting practices of Enron to Andersen’s destruction of documents it was supposed to keep. The application of ethics in business will not only provide guidelines on how should a business enterprise as an entity acts but also will clarify ambiguous ethical issues which every business entity confronts as it pursue its objective of enhancing its bottom line (Crane and Matten 2006).
One of the common types of people is consequentionalists. “They are referred to as the kind of people that do not identify with their course of action. Rather, they tend to go with the ideology that the consequences of the given action are the pure basis of the conduct exhibited prior to the result” (Honderich, 2002, 89).
There are ethical dilemmas resulting from this event. An analysis of these ethical dilemmas relies on the three ethical theories Consequentialism, Deontology and Virtue Theory (Mizzoni, 2009). There are also ethical principles that guide the doctor’s code of conduct.
There is an ethical code of conduct that businesses are expected to adhere by law. Breaking any of the ethical regulations puts the business at risk of grave lawsuits which may result in major fines or even closure of the business. Even though the company may be able to get away with just a fine, unethical behavior results in other major undesirable effects on the company.
The electronics company must decide whether to continue selling the electronic parts to the pacemaker manufacturers or not. The research will focus on picking the better of the two alternative solutions. The research uses the utility test and the common good test to prove the recommend solution to the case is correct.
Consequentialism is different from deontology, as deontology derives the rightness or wrongness of any action from the nature of the act, instead of the outcomes or the results of the action and also not from the virtue ethics. As the virtue ethics usually focuses on the character or the nature of an agent instead of its result or consequence.
According to the utilitarian theory, the good of others is what matters most as in comparison to one’s own good (Melden, 2008). The other theory is known as Kant’s moral philosophy and it is the right substitute to utilitarianism. This theory
by an individual is right, the vital aspect is to see how the action impacts on the happiness of the particular individual as an entity, without any due consideration of how the action will impact on the others. Happiness simply means the acquisition of the intended pleasure
theory is applicable in situations when a person is faced with a moral dilemma whereby based on the theory the person is able to maximizes the good actions, which in turn maximizes the consequences that are good. The moral uprightness of any action therefore is dependent on the
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