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The powers of the western world that colonized the eastern countries admired the purity of the faith. The achievement of modernity was an important factor in the nineteenth and twentieth century and Buddhism was a great contributor towards the reaching of this early status of modernity in Japan.
Buddhism is considered to be one of the very old religion but its roots mainly lay in the eastern world and particularly in the countries of China and Japan. This religion promotes peace and harmony but it also plays a role towards the development of success and self importance. The interest of the western world in Buddhism achieved a great rise in the nineteenth and twentieth century, particularly after the success of Japan in achieving the status of a modern nation. This is because it was a belief that the major contributor in assisting Japan towards this accomplishment was in the following of Buddhism.
Dogen was an important figure in the history of Buddhism. He was the main teacher in the creation of Zen Buddhism in the early thirteenth century. Dogen laid great stress upon sitting and meditating. He believed that a person should be in a state of “non thinking.’ According to him this time which a person spent was very important because it assisted in the bringing together of the soul and the body of a human being. He would then be able to achieve a spiritual level that is the level which is required by a Buddha. These presentations of his beliefs clearly show his tilt towards mysticism and the recognition of the inner world. He believed that the greater the person would know about hi inner self the more he would be successful in the outer world as well.
Zen is a part of the teachings of Dogen. There are views regarding this belief. It is considered first to play a great role toward the achievement of success as it pushes a person towards modernity because when he has knowledge of the inner
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However, the primary impetus to ensuring regionalism and integration of East Asia calls for cooperation between the states in a broader range of areas which would in turn greatly simplify the realization of a more comprehensive, cooperative, and stable regional community.
While countries like Japan and china started growing at a rapid speed, some countries took their own time in improving. Modern economy started prevailing in almost all these countries. China and Japan opted only at a later stage. ASEAN members including Malaysia and Indonesia preferred the modern economy and worked towards it from 1970's.(Kirby 1967).
After the WWII, North Korea established a socialist economy and a self reliance policy in foreign policy and national defense (Worldatlas, n.d.). The country underwent demoralization, economic mismanagement and misplaced resource allocation but
the dependency theory while others tried to use the third way method in explaining the cultural value systems of the Asian countries as as a major cause (Wallerstein 1982, Berger 1988, Kahn 1979). However, the core idea can be classified into two major approaches: The
highlight that the occurrence of a key or major event may define the beginning of a specific period when studying the era from a historical perspective (n. pag). In this case, the opinion of several historians about the beginning of the 20th