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Saigon - Essay Example

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Summary
This city lay at the center of the Cold War for most of the 60s and 70s, becoming the scene of a devastating proxy war. Indeed, most of its…
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Saigon
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Saigon Specific Purpose: Following this informative speech, the audience will understand more about the religion, history, and contributions of Saigon, Vietnam.
Introduction
To many, the fall of Saigon, since known as Ho Chi Minh City, brings emotional feelings, memories, and introspections 30 years later. This city lay at the center of the Cold War for most of the 60s and 70s, becoming the scene of a devastating proxy war. Indeed, most of its population must have experienced the fear, humiliation, and deprivation related to losing their way of life, their government, and their freedom (McCarthy 22).
Religion
Religion has had a significant influence on the concept of life and culture of Saigon. The people’s attitude towards the world, death, and life bears deep imprints of Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism. Buddhism is Saigon’s predominant religion that was introduced to the city during its domination by the Chinese, as well as by Indian preachers (Grey 34). Confucianism was also introduced by the Chinese but, interestingly, it became important after Chinese domination ended because the resulting monarchy viewed its political philosophy as more favorable. Finally, Taoism was also introduced by the Chinese and especially appealed to the local Saigon residents because of its polytheism and mysticism (Grey 38).
History
Saigon’s history is mostly associated with war and destruction by most in the West, and for good reason. After being at the epicenter of Vietnam’s struggle for independence against the French, it again became the focus of attention in the US’ anti-Communism war in Asia during the 60s and 70s (Vo 51). The fall of Saigon in 1975 marked one of the biggest military defeats for the US and, soon after, its name was changed to Ho Chi Minh City.
Contributions
There is more about Saigon than its position in the War for Vietnam. The City is well known for its independence from outsiders despite its occupation by Khmer settlers, the Chinese, the French, and the US (Kent 41). The fall of Saigon to Communist forces also marked the end of direct military interventions in South East Asia. Moreover, Saigon’s contribution to popular culture cannot be overlooked with numerous movies and books about what its fall meant to the free world.
Works Cited
Grey, Anthony. Saigon. Norwich: Tagman, 2013. Internet resource
Kent, Deborah. The Vietnam War: From Da Nang to Saigon. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2011. Internet resource
McCarthy, Mary. Vietnam. New York, NY: Open Road Integrated Media, 2013. Internet resource
Vo, Nghia. Saigon: A History. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland, 2011. Internet resource Read More
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