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This has however been achieved after several years of denial and intransigency as affiliate either disputed environmental concerns or claimed that there was very little that could be done other than grounding the sector to a halt (Tol and Yohe, 2006)
Zadek (2004) alleges that most business corporations pass or evolve through five stages as they edge closer to social responsibility: defensive, compliance, administrative, premeditated, and social responsibility. This can be equated to organisations realising the importance of environment sustenance and conservation.
In the first stage, the company adopts a defensive or denial attitude even in the face of overwhelming criticism thus remarking, ‘Its not our job to fix that.’ In the second stage is that of compliance when the firm aims at stemming mounting criticism and litigation but just doing the basic minimum hence dubbed, ‘Well do just as much as we have to.’ The third stage ‘It’s the business, stupid’ the managerial stage, the corporation recognize the long-standing difficulty of not complying thus allocates the management of the firm the task of ensuring compliance. In the fourth stage, ‘it gives us a competitive edge’, the corporation discerns just how important and beneficial sustainability compliance is to the firm and now actively pursues the stratagem. This eventually leads to a decision that ‘we need to make sure everybody does it’ as the idea of collective responsibility takes root. This may be part of the corporate strategy of the firm as they realise the effect of other stakeholders have on their operations in terms of ecological degradation (Zadek, 2004).
The UK Aviation industry has made tremendous progress as envisioned in Zadek (2004) framework whereby through the progress report released in 2009, the industry seems to have come to the conclusion that environment protection and
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Operations Management is the backbone in this regard and can be defined as “being concerned with the management of the physical resources required for production, whether the product be a manufactured item or a service” (Metz, 1998). The role of operations management is the acquisition and proper utilization of the resources to deliver high quality goods and services to the company’s clients.
ts Installation of rain catchments in order to allow storage and use of water for the university vegetation Ensuring environmental and corporate sustainability by filing annual reports. Edinburgh Napier University aspires to be ‘environmentally friendly’ and ‘sustainable’.
Overtime awareness of the impact of business and its interplay with societal and environmental concerns has emerged, along with parallel growth of socio-regulatory pressures. This evolution of business and societal concern has led business to gradually re-embrace its formerly displaced social orientation and assume increased responsibility and consideration for both social and environmental well-being.
This new trend in tourism has taken travelers to various remote corners of the world exposing them to the diverse wildlife and cultures which have developed in relative isolation from the modern world (Ibid.).
According to Egan (2001, pp 5-7), ecotourism,
pheric compositions; noise from the aircraft; pollution of the local air quality; improper uses of surface access; the necessity to use natural resources carefully to avoid increased environmental footprints; the need to improve UK economy so as to help the country’s economy
Factors like globalisation and liberalisation are having huge impact upon the general life of the people. It can be rightly said that the international geographical borders are almost non – existent today in the fields of trade
It is the second most valuable brand in the world, providing excellent services to its customers.
With this great technology and high value in market, IBM plays its part in keeping the environment safe and healthy. In 1971, it introduced a corporate policy on
Businesses that generate energy, treat water, produce resources for industrial processes, and provide transportation food to people are all sustainable businesses because they ensure that human impact on environment is lessened through such products that