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Current prison population - Coursework Example

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A study conducted by Roy Walmsley in his column showing the World Prison Population List of 2008 highlighted the fact that the state which has the highest population rate of prisoners in the world is the United States of America with 756 prisoners per 100,000 of the national…
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U.S. Current Prison Population A study conducted by Roy Walmsley in his column showing the World Prison Population List of 2008 highlighted the factthat the state which has the highest population rate of prisoners in the world is the United States of America with 756 prisoners per 100,000 of the national population (1). It has also the highest documented reports regarding prisoners sentenced to jail (Walmsley 1). According to U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, there are more or less 7 million individuals in 2008 that were put on probation or parole by the criminal enforcement agencies. Such issue has been the primary consideration of some international and local authorities in formulating ways to enhance their correction system and the enforcement of their own laws. Some writers were puzzled of the primary cause of this consistent rise in prison rate despite the allocation of huge amounts for the corrections all over the country. An author cited that this phenomenon is due to the sentence length of crimes even for non-violent ones such as simple theft and drug possession (Pelaez). However, it could also be concurred that the lack of focus for rehabilitation is the major reason. It is said that restorative justice is better than just focusing on the effects of imprisonment as the primary form of punishment in a society. Rehabilitation of offenders by gaining back the society’s confidence towards them is seen as an effective approach to crime prevention. Despite these criticisms, it can be observed that police officers in such state are active enough in locating offenders during a crime and hence, very dependable. The rise in the prison rate can be seen as a sign of good criminal enforcement system in the United States. However, their punishment system should be revised to consider the importance of rehabilitation than just mere imprisonment.
Works Cited
Pelaez, Vicky. “The Prison Industry in the United States: Big Business or a New Form of Slavery.” GlobalResearch.ca. GlobalResearch.ca, 10 March 2008. Web. 27 Jan. 2010.
U.S. Department of Justice. “Total Correctional Population.” Bureau of Justice Statistics. Bureau of Justice Statistics, 26 Jan. 2010. Web. 27 Jan. 2010.
Walmsley, Roy. World Prison Population List. Kings College London. International Centre for Prison Studies, 26 Jan. 2009. Web. 27 Jan. 2010. Read More
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