No purposeful and successful dealings can be made without it. Hence, every human act is based on a particular and definite decision and that every aspect of society considers this process before making a conclusion.
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ly stated, decision making is “an essential process of human nature” wherein alternative courses of action are considered and scrutinized so that a rational choice can be made (Noone, 2002; “Decision Making,” n.d.). It entails the selection of the most suitable solution from amongst the available projected solutions after the “identification of the problem” as well as the “developing and analyzing of the alternative solutions” (“Foundations of Decision,” 2003).
Making decisions are viable whether in the individual or organizational level. In the individual level, only the individual view is considered while in an organization, the views of the members are taken before concluding a matter. In relation, there are various models of decision making illustrating how decisions are made. It can either be rational, intuitive, recognition primed and the ultimate decision making model (“Types of Decision,” 2008). Nevertheless, the rational and the normative model are the most commonly used (“Decision Making,” 2003).
The rational type “involves cognitive process where each step follows in a logical order from the one before” (Anonymous, n.d.). It comprises the following steps: defining the situation or decision to be made, identifying the significant criteria and the outcome of the process, considering all possible solutions, calculating the consequences of such solutions and choosing the best option. This “model attempts to negate the role of emotions” in making a decision (Anonymous, n.d.). On the other hand, the normative model entertains the idea of identifying the best decision with the assumption that the decision maker is fully equipped with the information needed. This model is actually the human beings normal way of deciding.
To illustrate a decision making process using the rational model, let us consider how laws are formulated by lawmakers. Lawmakers are aware of the fact that there are various dilemmas in the society and
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