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"To what extent does the Children Act 1989 achieve its aim of protecting children that have been or may be harmed by their families"
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Once the child goes into care, there is no doubt that the legal effect is that the local authority gains parental responsibility for the child while the order is effectively in force. It should be noted that a care order automatically brings to an end any residence order that may exist.
The Children Act 1989 contains provisions relating to the services that a local authority must or may provide for children and their families. It’s very important to note that for the first time services for children in need and disabled children are brought together under one statute.
The government’s voice in protecting the children is very loud and clear. There is no doubt that the Children Act 1989 came into being specifically for the protection of children, and the intention of parliament seems to have been obvious.
“To safeguard and promote the welfare of children in their area who are in need; and so far as is consistent with that duty to promote the up bringing of such children by their families, by providing a range and level of services appropriate to those”
“(a) he is unlikely to achieve or maintain, or to have the opportunity of achieving or maintaining a reasonable standard of health or development without the provision of him of services by a local authority under this part;
In cases where a particular local authority has information regarding a child likely to suffer harm outside its area, it is expected to inform the local authority in the area where the child lives or proposes to live.
Guidance and Regulations 2008 adds: “If the child is assessed as being in need and the local authority is concerned that the child is suffering, or is at risk of suffering, significant harm, the authority is under a duty to make, as soon as practicable and, in any event, within 48 hours of the authority receiving the information, such enquiries as it considers necessary to enable it to decide whether it should take action to safeguard or promote the welfare
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Q1b: The main organ systems affected by teratogen exposure during the 8th to 10th weeks would be the limbs, brain and the gastrointestinal and urogential systems as these are the main systems being formed during this time period. Q1c: In pregnant women, no level of alcohol consumption has been considered to be safe and complete abstinence from alcohol is recommended, because alcohol consumption even during the earliest stages of pregnancy can have harmful adverse effects such as the development of fetal alcohol syndrome and other alcohol-related birth defects (Atrash, Johnson, Adams, Cordero, & Howse, 2006).
However, experts warn that such allowances leave pregnant women confused and the best is to recommend women from complete abstinence during pregnancy. Alcohol crosses placental barrier and can have effects on the fetus like growth retardation, premature labor and fetal alcohol syndrome.
b) Briefly discuss how each identified characteristic may impact on a child’s health. Poverty is often associated with malnutrition and poor hygiene. It contributes to growth retardation in the baby due to poor supply of proper nutrition to the mother and increased perinatal mortality.
The societal violence in the United States has enveloped family lives as well. Violence creeps quietly and firmly into living rooms via television and its contents. This source misguides its viewers in adopting unrealistic and cinematic use of violence in real life situations in homesteads and outside.
The Children Act has a tidy structure. It consists of 12 parts and 15 schedules (some parts of the Act are expanded in schedules attached at the end, and these are equally impact to the main sections of the Act). Over a hundred sections are grouped together in the different parts (opsi 2006).
Partnership requires informed participation. The Act therefore requires that parents and children must be consulted during the decision-making process and notified of the outcome. There is a new requirement placed on local authorities to establish a procedure for considering representations (including complaints) about the discharge of their functions under this part of the Act.
This paper focuses on family and community violence. It also includes a perspective on violence in the media. Family violence must, by definition, include child maltreatment and spousal abuse. Author has specific interest in the impact on children when they are mere witnesses to domestic violence.
The reason for writing this essay is to provide an analysis for the performance of the Children Act 2004 and ECM. I am affiliated with the prestigious Social Services Department and I feel obligated to
The sociologists have been forced to rethink their way of thinking about children. Spatiality aids a lot in comprehending modern childhood and its institutions. It includes all the practices and conditions of an individual and the social life that are
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