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ns pertaining to social standing and status may sometimes happen to be fluid, which may evolve over time, influenced by dominant or popular traditions and values. Still, there is no denying the fact that the individuals affiliated to the same social standing do share a common lot of beliefs and values that enable them to recognize themselves as having a unique status, which may be real or imagined (Anderson 1991). Hence, social identity and status mostly correspond, irrespective of the cultural, racial and ethnic disparities within a society. This correspondence of social identity and status sans economic and demographic disparities portends multifarious ramifications for the tourism industry the world over. Social identity and status are the concepts, which are many times not directly observable or discernable, but inferred from various ways and patterns of group expression, tourism and leisure qualifying to be one important manifestation. Going by this fact, many nations and tourist destinations are vying with each other to come out with tourism management policies and strategies, which have notions of social identity and status incorporated and adjusted within them (Henderson 2001). Such tourism strategies have observable and coveted economic, political and social agendas embedded within. Thus, the concept of tourism, and the old and new perceptions pertaining to it often portray narratives associated with unique symbols of social identity and status.
The concept of tourism and leisure had the notions of social identity and status amalgamated with it at the very time of its conception in the early 19th century. Thorstein Veblem in his acclaimed work ‘The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of institutions (1902)’, meticulously elaborated on the concept of leisure and tourism being intricately associated with social entities like wealth and status. According to Veblem (1902), the middle and working class in most of the developed countries have the
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Based on statistics circulated by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), international tourist arrivals climbed up to 924 million in 2008. However, this declined by almost four percent or 880 million in 2009 and a six percent decrease in tourism receipts mainly because of the global recession and the H1N1 epidemic.
This essay gives particular emphasis on the understanding of the relationships between leisure and tourism as it can be influenced by their definition. The key approaches used for defining these concepts are presented and critically evaluated. These standardized definitions can help to understand the relationship of the above two concepts.
The tourism and holiday sector is one of the fastest growing service sectors in most parts of the world. Each of these individuals plays a big role in the manner in which tourism and holiday leisure products and services are designed so as to ensure that the customers are well satisfied.
To say more, to be called a tourist is also a kind of privilege for many people around the globe. Thus, tourism is a great and desired leisure time for people tired with their annual responsibilities at work or in family (Shaw & Williams, 2002). However, it should be noted that tourism bears hazardous effect on the environment and cultural authenticity due to a mass flow of people irrespective of the local traditions and rites to be taken care of.
The modes and preferences have evolved drastically over centuries and civilizations. Entertainment may be in active form such as sports, adventure, traveling, nature study, arts and music or in passive form such as television, internet and other mass media tools.
Leisure, just as any other human endeavor is driven by motivations, which form the foundations of leisure activities. There are two forms of leisure which involve active or passive activities. Many sports require active
ngly viewed leisure as a source of testing new approaches in widening their sphere of knowledge vis-à-vis new territory and a world away from their home and professional life. Though the pattern of holidays and vacations, has changed over the years, the basic aim of relaxing
Social identities are “those we attribute or impute to others, situating them as social objects” (Collinson & Hockey, 2007, p. 383) Personal identities refer to the meanings we attribute to the self (Collinson
To say more, to be called a tourist is also a kind of privilege for many people around the globe. They are eager to bear such a status at least once a year. Thus, tourism is a great and desired leisure time for people sick and tired with their annual
of good importance to research in that it helps in the choice of what to study plus how to treat specific problems that arise and the expected results. Second, reflexivity is also of importance since it shows how the individual actions of interested researchers contribute to the
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