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Business Report: Designing a Safety System against Terrorism in Hotels - Assignment Example

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Designing a Safety System against Terrorism in Hotels Name: Institution: Abstract This paper evaluates the effects of terrorist attacks on tourism, particularly focusing on Singapore’s hotel industry. Terrorism is known to impact popular tourist destinations adversely and this impact is likely to be higher on hotels due to their elevated susceptibility…
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Business Report: Designing a Safety System against Terrorism in Hotels
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Download file to see previous pages The significance of stakeholders’ cooperation, in addition to external and internal communications, is also a matter of emphasis in the effort to combat terror. Contents Abstract 2 Contents 3 Introduction 4 Terrorism and Its Motivations 4 Hotels as Targets of Terrorism 6 Security Model 8 Proposed Safety System Diagram for Hotels 10 Detection 10 Dejection 11 Protection 11 Deflection 11 Connect 11 Reflect 12 Conclusion 12 References 13 Introduction In the past several years, the hospitality industry and particularly hotels and other accommodation facilities have encountered numerous terrorist invasions. For instance, in 2003 there was a fatal terrorist attack on the Indonesian branch of the internationally renowned JW Marriott hotel, in Jakarta. A repeat attack was witnessed in Jakarta in 2009, but this time on Rits Carlton. Other notable hotel attacks include that in 2008 on Taj Mahal in Mumbai and the 2011 attack on Kabul’s Intercontinental Hotel. As a response to these deplorable attacks, the majority of internationally renowned hotels executed both technical and physical measures, which seek to regulate the flow of vehicles and people to and within hotel areas. In most of these situations, however, these reactive strategies have proven inadequate in providing sufficient security. Instances of failure include triple attacks on Kabul’s Serena Hotel and repeat attacks on Peshawar’s Pearl Continental Hotel. Further, investigation of past events has shown that physical security strategies have done little to avert terror attacks on prominent hotels. However, research on proper strategic approaches to tackle terrorism is rather inadequate. This paper, therefore, seeks to narrow down this gap by examining literature on terrorism management models for purposes of hotel security. The paper then utilises these conceptual frameworks to formulate and recommend a fundamental anti-terrorism approach for hotels (Tarlow, 2007). Terrorism and Its Motivations There are numerous definitions of the term ‘terrorism’, but most of them appear to overlap. Equally, many researchers have made the attempt to establish basic definition criteria of terrorism. There seems to be a broad agreement among these scholars that these criteria include: deliberate utilisation of illicit and unusual force; deeds instigated by political and other ideological motives; invasions targeting innocent civilians or non-combatants and the terrorists are usually radical factions of society. Based on these standards, therefore, the ample definition of terrorism can be given as various acts of violence inspired by political aims and imposed upon defenceless people, thus generating fear among the directly targeted groups as well as the broader implied audience. This is done with the principal aim of optimising political assertion and attempting to redress power interactions among different societal groups (EIU, 2009). Hotels are usually categorised as ‘soft’ marks for terrorism, i.e. targets which are easy to penetrate and highly difficult to defend. This is not just in terms of physical nature but also in regard to their symbolic and social nature as well as their business. These aspects render hotels susceptible to terrorists as they can easily attain their objectives, as outlined in the previous paragraph. According to Thackrah (2004), the constant movement of individuals into a hotel, ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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