Human mankind always is in the search of enhancing his standards of living based on scientific principles. The changing global environment, increased life expectancy, and ever increasing population are offering unmet challenges…
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It has impacted on all the kingdoms from microorganism to humans. The following chart shows the broader perspective of biotechnology and how it has influenced our society.
The birth of genetically engineered sheep Dolly was a great achievement in cloning biotechnology; but led to controversy in human reproductive cloning. The reliable and safe human cloning is becoming popular in American youths who want to adopt a new way of reproduction. Ethicists, clerics, moralists, politicians, pundits, scientists condemned it on diverse backgrounds considering it as offensive, unethical, unsafe and highly dangerous from future point of view (Kevles, 2002). A law for the prohibition of use of human cloning is enacted in 24 countries including United Kingdom. Artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization techniques giving rise to human embryos were also initially resisted, but when healthy test tube was delivered to an infertile mother, the opposition from the critiques collapsed. Well studied evidences in terms of such effects and positive reasonable clinical outcomes boosted this novel technology. It has been reported that worldwide more than 5, 00, 000 test tube babies are created and 90% of them are disease free (Kevles, 2002). Women with genetic or chromosomal disorder who are vulnerable and are at high risk for bearing children are greatly benefited from the concept of surrogate motherhood. Initially, carrying another woman’s fetus was also condemned on morality and exploitation background (Kevles, 2002).
If made medically safe novel technology should not be denounced and should be exploited for human needs with their consents. Human cloning would be a boon to gaymen, lesbians, infertile couples, couples who have lost children or relatives (Kevles, 2002).
The babies produced by cloning technique would be strongly influenced by genetically determined factors like overall growth, changes in proportion of body and brain
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A popular example of biotechnology is the “golden rice” which involves genetic modification for the purported purpose of introducing more nutrients and vitamins, particularly Vitamin A. The genetic manipulation facilitates the production of carotenoids in the grain’s endosperm, thus giving it the yellow hue that gave rise to its name.
This definition is by far the broadest given for biotechnology. Biotechnology has been employed even in pre-historic times. Traditional food like wine, vinegar, cheese, and bread are just a few of the products of biotechnology. Modern biotechnology products are those that were produced with genetically altered microorganisms or organisms to produce medicine, antibiotics, hormones, proteins, amino acids, and biofuels.
Biotechnology companies are knowledge – based companies that provide useful products, including drugs, products for industrial and agricultural applications, enzymes, vaccines, molecular and medical diagnostic solutions, therapeutics, solutions for tissue engineering, solutions for Genomics, Proteomics and Enabling Technologies, etc.
Many areas of biotechnology have arisen through the interaction between various parts of biology and engineering, biochemistry, biophysics, cell biology, colloid chemistry, embryology, ecology, genetics, immunology, molecular biology, medical chemistry, pharmacology, virology and many such fields.Global impact and current excitement of biotechnology on modern society:-Each and every organism performs its function within its optimum limits.
1), angiogenesis is, “the growth of new blood vessels - is an important natural process occurring in the body, both in health and in disease. Angiogenesis occurs in the healthy body for healing wounds and for restoring blood flow to
According to the research, microbes and their allied biological activities can be well applied in biogeochemical cycles, agriculture, medical microbiology, food technology and biotechnology. More advanced research on both harmful and effective microbes would lead to the development of applications which would facilitate betterment in human life.
These activities have been in practice from ancient times. So no matter how one puts it, biotechnology has been a lucrative field of biology for mankind. Biotechnology is the branch of biology that deals with the application of living
Pharmaceutical companies follow similar pathways for the discovery of drugs. Although each company has its own standards and measures for measuring successful drug discovery, the most appropriate measures are ensured to meet safety and effectiveness standards in patients
The primary literature source written by Peter Dickos with the title The Next Frontier In Food: FDA Regulation Of Genetically Engineered Animals explains the various aspects of genetically engineered animals and