Gangs in prisons are self segregated by race. Whites, blacks, Latinos, and even Muslim prisoners join gangs along race lines. The Aryan Nation to the Black Guerillas prison gangs come in every size and shape, the only qualification…
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The violence might be the cause of this gender based bias. Men tend to be more violent in prison than women. The need to join a gang for protection becomes a necessity in a male prison due to the excessive violence. In the end, prison gangs are dictated by race, class, and gender.
Gangs emerged on the street during the sixties and seventies. At first gangs were like formed like the Guardian Angels in New York City. Gangs developed out of the Civil Rights Movement ironically. Black Panthers and other minority groups formed gangs to patrol their neighborhoods against corrupt officers that would lynch and kill in the aftermath of the African American’s victory of the Civil Rights Movement. White bikers formed clubs (gangs) after returning from the Vietnam War, they wanted to get together drink and forget the war. When the drug trade was introduced in the late seventies and early eighties, gangs became the gun toting, drug dealing and violent criminals that are known today.
Despite law enforcements gang unit and suppression measures, gangs are still a major problem across the United States. One problem of trying to suppress gangs is the availability of new recruits. One scholarly paper suggests:
Another consequence of suppression efforts is that such efforts may promote substitution effects, whereby the removed gang member is simply replaced by another gang associate or recruit. Still yet, the use of suppression efforts may lead to an over-reliance on these measures and may mask other appropriate but less intensive alternatives to deal with gang members. (Trulson, Marquart, and Kawucha 2008)
Gang units arrest gang members, normally resulting in long prison terms. The gang members taken off the street continue to live the gang lifestyle in prison. Thus law enforcement has to have strategies on the streets and behind prison walls.
Race is the number one factor in male prison gangs. Gang membership is considered on a race basis. The Aryan
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The mission statement for this group will be “To rid the American society of illegal gangs that pose a threat to peace and stability through the enactment of more stringent legislation”. This group is counting on the assistance of a wide range of organizations and government departments.
Recruitment is easy because they believe gangs are hip and cool. Prison gangs which are now termed as S.T.G. or Security Threat Group are most likely formed to seek connections, financial gain and protections from co-members. With these, involvement in a more serious crime is much more tempting.
This writer is facing a life sentence in prison. This is a story which creates a profound and graphic image of life in prison. Carceral writes of his own experiences inside the prison cell. The book is not a display of the life in prison alone; instead it talks of a variety of things.
Also the premise that the problem of prisons cannot be treated in isolation is a valid one. The state of prisons in America today is deplorable but simply making conditions better in these prisons cannot eliminate the problem.
There are many factors that contribute to the state of prisons today.
Members of a gang individually or collectively engage in criminal street gang activity and bear a shared name or symbol such as tattoos and graffiti. The FBI estimates that some 33,000 violent street gangs, motorcycle gangs and prison gangs are criminally active
They were formed at various time intervals with different missions to accomplish. The geographical distribution of the streets or prison gangs in the country in terms of members and chapters vary considerably such that not all of these gangs are represented across all prison
However, it is ascertained that the gangs exists within all prisons in US though identified with different purposes. For instance, there are the prisons gangs whose purposes are to supply drugs, offer protection to minor inmates while others exists
These theories have varying explanation as to why security threat groups, or gangs, acting in unity to undermine the safety of the public, exist. One familiar security threat group is the Mexican Mafia from California.
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