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Human Rights - Essay Example

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The protection and promotion of human right in global context have become one of the prime objectives of the United Nations and its member countries all over the world. Since the establishment of the organization in 1945 its mission to promote peace has received several…
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Download file to see previous pages The first and foremost challenge that the United Nation faced in its attempt to promote human right in a global context is the controversy within its approach to the concept of human right and freedom (Wright, 2001: 59). The perpetual debate on the universality of human right apparently overshadowed its achievements to a great extent. The oriental scholars and political authorities often are often found to criticize the provisions of the UN Charter of human rights considering that these provisions are completely “devoid of any legal commitment” (Flinterman and Gutter, n.d: 1). But the view of human right that is conveyed in the UN Declaration of Right has also been defended on the point that the provisions of the UN Charter were not the mere propositions of a European mind, as Hersch Lauterpacht (1950: 147) asserts, "These provisions are no mere embellishment of a historic document….They were adopted, with deliberation and after prolonged discussion before and during the San Francisco Conference, as part of the philosophy of the new international system…”.
Indeed the trend for the promotion of human right lies in the founding premises of the organization. It was widely assessed by the scholars that the seed of the Second World War was found to be in the core of the massive violation of human rights by Adolf Hitler in Europe. Also the establishment of this organization was geared up by the realization that the failure of the previous, League of Nation, to prevent human right violation is to be held responsible for the initiation of the destructive war (Baehr et al, 1999: 67-88). Necessarily it does not mean that the League of Nation was totally indifferent to the issues of human right. But a close review of the stance of the League of Nations makes reveals the fact that its dealing with the concept of human rights was not multi-faceted enough to prevent oppressions of the mightier. It rather adopted a narrow and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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