Download file to see previous pages...
Nevertheless, the result is a scholarship on political economy that is "now back to a more balanced emphasis on all three" (Schmidt, 15) ---notwithstanding the differences between American and British traditions in political economy (Maliniak and Tierney, 1). According to Maliniak and Tierney, the American school of political economy is positivist and empiricist while the British school is more explicitly normative and interpretative.
A comparative political economy approach allows us to derive lessons useful for advancing knowledge and informing policy. We have this in mind as we study and compare the cases of Angola and the Islamic Republic of Iran. We choose the two countries because relatively little is known on the two countries. We apply our comparative political economy approach to Angola and the Islamic Republic, focusing on the role of political economy on national innovative capacity. Porter and Stern define national innovative capacity as the countries potential "to produce a stream of commercially relevant innovation" (5).1 They emphasize that national innovative capacity is a product of the countrys technological sophistication, number of scientific and technical labor force, investments, and policy choice.2 Viewed in this perspective, national innovative capacity is definitely an outcome of a political economy environment that promotes technological sophistication, size of scientific and technical labor force, investments, and competition. Further, the Porter-Stern notion of national innovative capacity also emphasizes on the political and economic entities of countries (5) and, therefore, this constitutes another stress on a political economy perspective.
In contrast, the political economy perspective on innovation of Cowhey and Aronson stresses on how a combination of technological innovation, market strategies, and political entrepreneurship shapes the global economy,
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The discussion also probes why the masses were prone to Khomeini’s fundamentalist appeal. This paper explores the typology, causes, and evolutionary pattern of Iranian revolution as demonstrated by consciousness of the masses and exploitation of mechanisms of communal solidarity.
15). Initially, the Roman society was governed by a centralized system of government, which practiced monarchial leadership. Power was centralized to a single linage. The Roman Republic began with the overthrowing of the monarchial government as a sign of civilization thus adaption of a republic system of governance.
In this respect, it is important to mention the fact that sexual politics in Iran has elicited various reactions across the gender, religious, and social strata for many reasons (Rieffer-Flanagan 111). Perhaps one of the many reasons as to why sexual politics is so critical in Iran is the fact that the nation is guided by Islamic laws that tend to lower the status of women in the society particularly when it comes to gender and sexual roles (Mahdavi 71).
Iran joined hands with America and other developed countries to establish power plants and to improve the existing nuclear power to help them in the future. The paper focuses on the nuclear power of Iran and to emphasize on the importance of nuclear power.
The discovery of the plot revealed the role played by Catilinia and the significant levels of support he had gathered, including a near army in Eturia. This report examines the events associated with the conspiracy,
B. Civil punishment may equally result from offences like family offences, violation of human rights, defamation, and violation of public safety rules, unauthorized disclosure of information, and violation of traffic
History has it that good relations between Israel and Iran ended since the Islamic revolution during the Pahlavi dynasty. The Iranians refers to Israel as the occupied territories and not as otherwise an independent country. Fears heightened between the two countries after the Iranian election that saw Mahmud Ahmadinejad come into power in 2005.
A major disadvantage is that it has enhanced the development of weapons of mass demolition. One of the major countries that deal with the continued production of the weapons is Iran (BBC, 2012. 1). Although Iran argues that its nuclear initiative is completely