Identifying fallacies - Assignment Example

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Begging the question: There is no reason given for not conserving electricity and a statement is made just on the previous credibility of the government. This is wrong because saving electricity is good for the entire nation and not only for the government.
False Dilemma: The…
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Identifying fallacies
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Fallacies a. Identify a major fallacy in each of the following and b. Explain the error in reasoning There’s no point in trying to conserveenergy as the government is urging; they haven’t fulfilled any of their campaign promises.
Begging the question: There is no reason given for not conserving electricity and a statement is made just on the previous credibility of the government. This is wrong because saving electricity is good for the entire nation and not only for the government.
2. If you listen to the media you’ll believe that the crime situation is out of control, but look at how much the rate of employment has risen.
Non-Sequitor: The writer’s conclusion and premise are not related as in the premise he is talking about employment, whereas the conclusion is about crime rate.
3. President Obama should not have reversed his predecessor’s ruling on stem cell research; President Bush was obviously right on that issue.
Red-Herring: No proper reasoning is given to conclude that president Obama should not have rejected the claim. It was only because Bush was right.
4. Everybody in SOM and SOV has incorporated the clickers into their lessons; SAS is behind the times.
Ad-Populum: Wrong conclusion from the premise. The premise incorrectly argues that because of something that SOM and SOV does, the entire SAS lags behind the times.
5. Test scores have improved since the Board fired Chief Examiner David G.
Post-Hoc: Firing of David might not be the only reason for improvement in student’s performances.
6. A concerned citizen says: “That man is an alcoholic. Liquor should be banned.
Ad-Hominem: The argument incorrectly argues that Liquor should be banned for the entire country, just because the person is concerned about one person who is drunk.
7. A citizen who thinks he knows it all argues, “Clogged arteries require surgery to clear them; our clogged roads require equally drastic measures.”
False Analogy: The roads and arteries come under different spheres and they cannot be used as analogy. One is related to medical, other to civil sciences.
8. Thompson is the most successful cricketer the country has ever had because he’s the best cricketer in our history.
Circular Reasoning: The argument believes that Thompson is successful because he’s the best cricketer in history and no reasons for his sucessfullness are given.
9. If you don’t send Lisa to private school this year, she will never gain admission to college.
False Dilemma: The argument incorrectly generalizes the fact that Lisa wont get admission in college unless she studies in a private school. This is wrong because there are a lot of people from public school in colleges.
10. The students from the US and Britain shouldn’t have any problems affording high tuition.
Sweeping Generalization: All the students are not rich and some do have problem in paying their fees. The argument therefore incorrectly generalizes that people should people of USA and UK do not have any problem in affording their tuition fees.a Read More
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