Most authorities agree that the word first assumed modern significance in General Antoine Jomini’s celebrated Precis de l’art de la guerre (1836), wherein logistics was defined as ‘the practical art of moving armies’. Wars…
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Placed within this supply chain is logistics – moving material from one place to another, which further comprises of inbound, outbound and/or reverse logistics (Figure 1).
SUPPLIERS INBOUND LOGISTICS INTERNAL OPERATIONS OUTBOUND LOGISTICS RETAILERS /DISTRIBUTORS INTERNAL INTERFACES EXTERNAL INTERFACES
From this profit-oriented point of view, logistics now finds itself on humanitarian grounds where a different war is waged and a different victory is aimed at – the victory of saving lives, minimizing destruction, and assuaging helplessness caused by disasters. Humanitarian logistics is an emerging field with functions similar to business logistics yet with different outcomes. Two main streams of humanitarian logistics can be distinguished: disaster relief and continuous aid work. The focus of disaster relief operations is to transport the immediate requirements of affected communities – first aid material, food, equipment and rescue personnel – where they are needed and to evacuate affected people to safe places rapidly (Barbarosoglu et al., 2002). Continuous aid is focused on re-building lives and re-establishing livelihoods and infrastructures.
The Fritz Institute defines humanitarian relief logistics as “the process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient, cost-effective flow and storage of goods and materials, as well as related information, from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of alleviating the suffering of vulnerable people” (Thomas and Kopczak, 2005). Humanitarian logistics encompasses a range of activities including preparedness, planning, procurement, transport, warehousing, tracking and tracing, and customs clearance (Thomas and Kopczak, 2005).
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The current article clarifies further on the cause and the effects of the Asian tsunami. The article explores the displacement of over 458 households in the district of Aceh in Indonesia. The 2004 Asian tsunami caused a lot of damage and led to the loss of lives and livelihoods for a period of 3 months.
Secondly there are issues common to both humanitarian and business supply chains, but with differences approach and treatment relative to the functions or the issues such as Inventory management, Lead time, Network structure, Logistics model, Transportation, Supplier and customer relationship, Supply chain strategy, Operational strategy and Waste management, Reverse logistics, Outsourcing, Ethical Principles and Corporate Social Responsibility.
Nevertheless, the Indo-Australian tectonic plate was previously though to be quite coherent. This perception has a lot of subjectivity because the recent research has traced a separation in the two plates hundreds of thousands of years back (Pararas-Carayannis).
Hundreds of people were directly killed, millions of people displaced, and their property destroyed. Millions of people living around the Indian Ocean were greatly affected psychologically, socially and economically (UNEP 12). The tsunami affected people from Banda Aceh, to the tourist resort of south Thailand, fishing villages of Sri Lanka, as far as the coast of some African countries.
The impacts of globalization require constant adjustment to the way in which business is done and always with an eye to the next change that is certain to come along. It is further mentioned that the fuel of future is just one of the many issues that logisticians have to contend with and putting this alongside the environmental pressures that pose significant challenges in securing the supply of goods and services.
, however, since tides are the result of gravitational pulls from the moon, sun and other planets in our solar system and seismic sea wave indicates a wave generated by an earthquake. While tsunami impact can be influenced by tide and generation can occur as the result of
The waves of tsunamis do not resemble the waves that are normally seen, and this is because their wavelength is longer. Instead of appearing as waves which are fractured, tsunamis at first look like a tide that is swiftly rising, and this is one of
In 2004, global fraternity witnessed catastrophic destruction of the nature when Indian Ocean earthquake resulted in Tsunami. It was an undersea gigantic thrust which took place at 00:58:53 UTC. It was a black day for the countries like Thailand, Maldives, Somalia, Sri Lanka and India. Magnitude of the earthquake was 9.1–9.3 Mw.
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