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This word, historically and textually, is considered ambivalent since it can be interpreted as a simple struggle with one’s ego and it could also be interpreted as an act of physical violence against the infidels. Muslims were always accused of waging war against the non-believers. They were not the only ones that have waged wars in the name of religion because even Jews and Christians did.2 Dr. M. Amir Ali argued in this respect that “jihad is usually associated with Islam and Muslims, but in fact the concept of Jihad is found in all religions including Christianity, Judaism and political/economic ideologies…Islam defines Jihad as striving and struggling for improvement as well as fighting back to defend one’s self, assets and homeland.”3
Oddly, in the Christian tradition, Jesus is relegated to the level of God and he is viewed as the savior of all humankind. However, in Islam he is seen as a Prophet who was entrusted to fulfill God’s mission on earth. Very often, such difference in creeds lead to religious conflicts as every religion strives its best and utmost to impose its creeds amidst people.
This is why it is recommended that a spirit of respect and tolerance should be developed in order to help these Abrahamic faiths co-exist. Theologian and religious scholars have therefore to consecrate all the efforts in order to reconsider the wrong meaning of Jihad and correct some falsehoods that are relevant to some versions of the
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The three Abrahamic Faiths are Judaism, Christianity and Islam (Van der Meer& Mandelbroote 2). They are all unified by the principles of monotheism or the belief in One God which was professed by their common patriarch, Abraham. The Abrahamic covenant between God and Abraham is the basis for all Abrahamic religions.
Consequently, the religious beliefs seek their roots in ancient times perhaps at the eve of the creation and arrival of man on the earth. Thousands of faiths are being followed by over seven billion people in the world; among which Abrahamic religions enjoy distinguished status and position on the concrete foundations of their unique ideologies, distinctive mythology and comprehensive code of spiritual and social life.
Mysticism refers to two things: the doctrines of a particular religion which teach that the follower of that religion has a connection with God or the divine, and the particular religious practices that provides instructions on how one can experience communion with ultimate reality or with the divine.
Among the many existing religions in the world, perhaps there are no other two religions that have been at odds with each other aside from Islam and Judaism. They seem to be born enemies. Among the major religions in the world, Judaism can be said to have the oldest and richest history.
Even in today’s modern society, most people have adapted religion into their way of life and have made it the regulation by which they live. In the modern world, a few major religions have taken over the grasp of the world, namely, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism.
Islam is one of the world’s major religions having followers in all races, nations and colors. The term Islam is Arabic in nature and means ‘peace’ and ‘submission’ that is, the followers can be at peace by submitting to Allah their thoughts, their acts and their hearts and souls (The Message of Islam 2012).
This entrenched the continuity of Islamic dominance in the Middle East region and helped convert non Muslims such as the minority Christians particularly those found in Egypt and Palestine (Bonner et al, p. 110). The emergence and success of Islam equally symbolized fundamental changes in the conduct and behavior of its adherents through open display of their scientific display of innovations and creativity.
The idea of one God, ‘monotheism’ developed over a period of time which gave rise to the idea of ‘monolatry’ wherein other God’s exist but only one God is worshipped. During the 14th Century B.C, Egypt introduced the idea of monotheism
to the 30 AD, in Palestine where the religion was originally communicate in Greek and Aramaic and its teachings based on Jesus Christ (Bradley, 2011). Over the centuries, Christianity has evolved resulting to the development of many denominations, which have their practices or