Despite rise in the incidence of breast cancer all over the world, early detection and advances in treatment strategies have lead to improved prognosis of the disease. Recent advances in diagnostic imaging have contributed significantly to the establishment of early diagnosis…
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Researchers are on the search for novel non-invasive technology to establish the diagnosis of breast cancer and stage it. SPECT and PET scintigraphy offer some hope in this regard, but more research is warranted to completely rely on these diagnostic modalities for diagnosis and staging of breast cancer.
It is a well known fact that oncologic imaging and oncologic therapy are clinical and scientific companions. Most often than not, cancers are detected through some imaging modality either through routine screening of high risk groups or through evaluation of clinical symptomatology and signs (1). Many advances have occured in the technology of imaging diagnosis since the advent of X-ray imaging. Current imaging modalities like computed tomography, positron emission tomography, single photon emission computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and nuclear imaging have taken diagnostic imaging of oncologic conditions to a different level by providing a clear picture of the the tumor. The newer optical approach methods of Ultrasound imaging complements the other diagnostic imaging methods (1). In this article, the application of imaging in the diagnosis and managment of breast cancer will be discussed to gain a holistic view of the application of diagnostic imaging in breast oncology.
Breast cancer is the leading cause of death due to cancers in women all over the world. The last 2 decades have seen a rise in the research pertaining to diagnosis and management of breast cancer resulting in early identification of the disease, early institution of treatment, more efficient treatments with less toxicity and improved prognosis (2). According to surveys in 2002, the breast cancer incidence rates varied internationally. While Mozambique demonstrated an incidence rate of 3.9 cases per 100,000, United States reported 101.1 cases per 100,000 (2). The American
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“Assignment 3000 Words Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1558901-assignment-3000-words.
onging to alien cultures (Shenkar 2001). Some authors have put forward a new view that cultural differences as such are not absolute and depend to a large extent on the historical interactions between two countries over a long period. The stereotyping that is an integral part of any culture’s way of viewing alien cultures gets formed out of sustained historical interactions between the two nationalities concerned (Chapman, et al.
Breitling Instruments: This Company was established in 1884 by Leon Breitling in St.Imier, Switzerland. This company specialises in making chronographs and precision counter for scientific and industrial use only. After a short success Breitling shifted to Chaux-de-fonds.
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