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Article Critique #3 - Essay Example

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Ramchandani et al.’s article on the effects of father depression on children was published by the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry in October of 2008, and is available in PDF format from the PubMed database. The researchers are affiliated with the University of…
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Article Critique #3
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Download file to see previous pages Nine of the articles have only “maternal” or “mother” in the title, though most of the other references refer to “father,” “paternal,” or “men.”
A total of 7,601 men completed questionnaires for the study, a large study to say the least. The researchers assessed children at 3 ½ and 7 years of age, and data were compared for children whose fathers reported prenatal or postnatal depression (or both). The researchers theorized that exposure to father depression even before birth can affect the behavior of the child, even if the depression itself clears up. Although more than 7,000 total questionnaires were completed, only 175 reported prenatal-only depression, 166 reported postnatal-only, and 89 reported both. The results of comparing these three groups together with the controls (never depressed) show that both prenatal and postnatal depression in fathers causes children higher levels of behavior problems later in life, usually conduct disorders, and fathers who reported depression at both times were even more likely to have children with behavior problems.
The researchers broke the data on the children into boy and girl sets. Their findings show that both postnatal depression and pre- and postnatal depression caused boys behavior problems, but interestingly the prenatal only group of children exhibited conduct problems but not emotional or overall problems. The findings for girls were less statistically significant, but the analysis showed that girls exposed to depression also had more conduct problems than girls who were not exposed to paternal depression. Basically, it is clear that boys exposed to their father’s depression, even if it is just prenatally, exhibit behavior problems in later life more than boys who are not exposed to paternal depression.
The study is limited by the broad nature of the population (7,601 total) and the small number of men reporting depression (430 ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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