Science, enlightenment and politics, which was most important to your world - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Age of Enlightenment was a period in early modern history when western societies, led by its intellectuals, made a marked shift from religion based authority to one of…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.7% of users find it useful
Science, enlightenment and politics, which was most important to your world
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Science, enlightenment and politics, which was most important to your world"

Science, enlightenment and politics, which was most important to your world? This essay argues that the Enlightenment is the most important concept among the three given in the title. The Age of Enlightenment was a period in early modern history when western societies, led by its intellectuals, made a marked shift from religion based authority to one of scientific reason. Prior to this period, the Church and the State were intricately interlinked; and the Enlightenment sought to sever states and politics from religion through the application of rational analysis based on scientific observation and facts. This movement traces its origins to the seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe. Similar undercurrents of progressive thought were seen in the New World as well, most notably from such intellectuals such as Tom Paine and other proponents of American independence (Porter & Teich, 1981).
The Enlightenment has had a profound impact on the cultural evolution of Western Europe in particular and the whole of the continent in general. A landmark piece of scholarship that turned the tables in favor of scientific reasoning is Newton’s analysis and description of natural physical phenomena. The immediate impact was discernible in written literature of the day, due to the scope of this medium of art (Brians, Paul, 1998). On the other hand, it took longer for ideas of the Enlightenment to penetrate into art forms such as music and painting due to the emphasis on traditionally acquired technique in these art forms.
The Age of Enlightenment also gave birth to the neoclassical school of art, which found its highest expression in the Literature of the day. All forms of literature, ranging from prose, narrative verse, poetry, plays, etc were infused with newly discovered scientific truths and newly evolving systems of natural philosophy. Such luminaries as Alexander Pope, Phyllis Wheatley, Voltaire and Jonathan Swift among others were at the forefront of this paradigm change in socio-cultural expression. A special mention has to be made on the role of the Novel in this epoch making age. The broad scope of intellectual discourse offered by the Novel was utilized very cleverly and ingenuously by such writers as Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richarrdson, Henry Fielding, Aphra Behn, Fanny Burney, etc (Paul Brians, 1998).
Given the revolutionary change in the cultural landscape that the Enlightenment affected, it is easy to see its relevance to the world of today. The field of enquiry where the ideas of the Enlightenment made radical changes was in the realm of political thought and systems of civil administration. It has to be remembered that most geographical regions of the day were part of one kingdom or the other and totalitarianism in the form of monarchy was the accepted social order. The transformation from this oppressive political system to modern forms of democracy, as evident today, has to be attributed to the Enlightenment. Some of the most prominent thinkers who helped shape this new political consciousness were Diderot, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Rousseau, Adam Smith, etc (Porter & Teich, 1981).
While there are critics in contemporary intelligentsia about the significance of the Enlightenment both during the period it played out as well as its legacy still manifest in modern institutions. But in reality, the cultural and intellectual trends started off by the Enlightenment have never been more vibrant and alive than they are today. Moreover, the idea of universal human rights, which was one of the outcomes of this period, is a source of support and inspiration for people across the world as they valiantly engage in fighting against governmental and corporate tyranny (Mueller-Vollmer, 1997).
Works Cited:
Study Books Used in Class: A History of world societies 8th ed McKay, Hill, Buckler, Erbey, Beck , Crowston, Wiesner-Hanks ISBN-13: 978-0-312-68297-2
Brians, Paul, March 11, 1998. The Enlightenment, retrieved from on 15th June 2008.
Mueller-Vollmer, K, 1997, The Hermeneutics Reader: Texts of the German Tradition from the Enlightenment to the Present
Porter, R & Teich, M, 1981, The Enlightenment in National Context, Oxford University Press, London. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Science, enlightenment and politics, which was most important to your Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Science, Enlightenment and Politics, Which Was Most Important to Your Essay)
“Science, Enlightenment and Politics, Which Was Most Important to Your Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Science, enlightenment and politics, which was most important to your world

The Greatest Impact on Western Civilization “[enjoy] far more legal equality than in most other states” of the Habsburg Empire (Keithly). Thus, through the development of the arts, sciences, education and politics in Prussia, Frederick the Great was able to succeed in his role as an enlightened ruler. Perhaps, the only problem with Frederick the Great was that he tolerated “governmental bureaucracy” and gave territorial princes a significant role in the government (“The Enlightened Despots”). Although this may not have been his intention or whether he thought that governmental bureaucracy would not alter his plans, it clearly violated the principle that all men are equal and therefore have...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Science and politics

...?Science and Politics: Oil Spills Introduction There are various issues in society today, which are essentially rooted in science. These issues also inevitably straddle the plains of both science and politics in terms of the stakeholders involved and the scientific concepts underlying these phenomena. One such issue is the issue on oil spills. This issue is very much scientific in the sense that its effects and impact on society and on the environment can be broken down in terms of molecules and scientific processes. The fact that it is also a controversy which is exasperating many leaders in terms of cleanup and implementation of laws is just the tip of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Russia's Most Important Economic Sectors

..., and is the major in the world exporter of oil in total numbers. Per capita oil manufacture in Russia, although, is not that high. In the starting of 2007, Russia was making about 69.603 bbl/day for each 1,000 people, much less than Canada, Saudi Arabia or Norway, but in excess of two times above the USA, or the UK. Russia is also a most important manufacturer and exporter of gold and minerals. About 90% of Russian exports to the U.S are reserves. Expecting the region to turn into more available as climate change melts Arctic ice, and believing the region includes large raw materials of untapped oil and gas, on 2007, Russian explorers, in submersibles, stranded the Russian flag on the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The 5 most important ideas of politics and US government

...Essay, History and Political Science Topic: The 5 most important ideas of politics and US government. Liberty Liberty and freedom are alternative beats of the same heart. Every individual is born free in this world. An individual has the innate tendency to resist all that obstruct one’s liberty. The connotation of liberty is so vast that it defies definition. Each one sees a new horizon of liberty. For the American people the concept of liberty is supreme as it stands to protect the essential dignity of an individual. Dr. Rabindranath Tagore, the Nobel Prize winning poet, describes the concept of liberty in his beautiful poem “Where the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Political Science Russian Politics in a national parliamentary election, but gained 11% of the votes in the regional election in the Novgorod Region on October 8, 2006. In the 2007 parliamentary elections, Free Russia registered as a contender and will try to appeal to the right-wing electorate in the 2007 parliamentary elections. Lawyer Mikhail Barshchevsky, the most prominent lawyer in the land and serving as a government representative with the Constitutional Court, is leading Free Russia and is expected to make it into a powerful right party. Alexei Makarkin of the Center for Political Technologies said Free Russia was a pro-Kremlin project. He recalled elections to the Moscow City legislature in December 2005, when the party...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Most important role of marketing

...sources, resources and capabilities with its work activities and the competitive environment. SWOT analysis is an important marketing tool in the strategy formulation of the company and selection of the market's segments in which the company wants to penetrate and sell its products. (Kotler, 1997) Strengths of the company can be defined as the positive internal characteristics that the company can use to achieve its strategic performance goals. For example, the company has gained its strength from its brand recognition of 'Dunkin' Donuts'. 'Dunkin' Donuts' is recognized as a worldwide donut shop and it is preferred by almost everyone all over the world. The brand name has been established successfully in...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Science and Politics

...Running head: SCIENCE AND POLITICS Science and Politics Insert Insert Affiliation Science and Politics Science has gone hand and hand with politics and public policy since after the colonization period. History dictates how the advancements in science had a direct bearing on how political stand points come into being. They still have a tremendous impact on political decisions although those in public seats would like to think that it is the political policies that guide the scientific studies. For example, global warming is a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Machiavelli's Most Important Goal of Politics: Power

... Machiavellis Most Important Goal of Politics: Power Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli was an Italian philosopher, statesman and also a political theorist. He worked for several years for the Florentine Republic which is why he had all the knowledge and experience required to understand the working of the government. It is because of this exposure that he was able to come up with several theories regarding politics. He also wrote a lot of material about it, including two of his most famous books called The Prince and Discourses on Livy. Even though he has written over a variety of topics that fall under the field of politics such as liberty, conflict, etc. but his main focus was on power. He said that the main goal in the field... of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

World Politics

...World Politics al Affiliation Well formulated foreign policies have arguably been the most noticeable factor that has contributed to good neighborhood between nations. The September 11th incident in America for instance, became one of the defining factors that came to influence the foreign policies of many nations. To clearly identify issues pertaining foreign policies, this essay ventures into various sources of information, both old and current. What is evident therefore is that most nations’ foreign policies, especially those of the third world nations, are determined by those of developed and super power nations such as the United States and France....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Most important materials science in a Power Plant the bottom of the dam are opened, also known as intakes. When these intakes open, the pressure generated from the water collection forces water through a channel towards the turbine (Sherman 93). The electric power potential that is gained from water flow is calculated as the product of water mass, the height from the ground level to where the water has reached and the gravitational acceleration. The mass is derived from the amount of water present and its rate of flow. The height is determined by the power plant design; most designs used by power plants draw in water near the top and release it at the bottom into a downstream. This optimizes the height of the water while maintaining controllable and reasonable...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Science, enlightenment and politics, which was most important to your world for FREE!

Contact Us