Free

Middle Childhood: Divergent Thinking - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Linear, non-divergent thinking usually comes up with only one solution, but with divergent thinking, a person can approach one problem in different perspectives yielding different plausible solutions to the problem. This…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
Middle Childhood: Divergent Thinking
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Middle Childhood: Divergent Thinking"

Divergent Thinking Divergent thinking is a creative way to attack a problem. Linear, non-divergent thinking usually comes up with only one solution,but with divergent thinking, a person can approach one problem in different perspectives yielding different plausible solutions to the problem. This is the hallmark of psychologist J.P. Guilford’s research on creativity in the 1950s.An implication of his idea is that if you want your child to be gifted and creative, he or she must develop divergent thinking abilities, since such way of looking at things is indicative of creativity and giftedness (Gale, 1998).
According to Wilson (2004), there are eight traits associated with divergent thinking: 1) fluency, 2) flexibility, 3) elaboration, 4) originality, 5) complexity, 6) risk-taking, 7) imagination, and 8) curiosity.
Fluency is the ability to generate a good number of ideas that would yield possible solutions to a problem. This is one characteristic that cannot be set-aside in a divergent thinker. He or she is like a hunter that could use different types of gun to kill the prey.
Flexibility is the ability to put ideas into different categories, each of which has different associated ideas and meanings, significant to the solution of some problem. For example, a divergent thinker will be able to say that a glass is half-full and half-empty by realizing that one is a category for scarcity and the other is a category for abundance, and that they not be mutually exclusive. Hence, a divergent would think that both statements are true.
Elaboration is the ability to make substantial additions to an idea. For example, the idea of freedom is abstract and all-encompassing. Non-divergent thinkers could simply accept that freedom is the right to be oneself and happy without violating the rights of others. On the other hand, the divergent thinker will be capable of providing examples of the idea, and usually those examples are ways in which ordinary, non-divergent thinkers would ever realize.
Originality is the ability to come up with new ideas that are really out of the ordinary. For example, it is consensus that when Magdalene committed adultery, Jesus forgave her. I divergent thinker might think that Jesus did not actually forgive her since he did not need to, and that there was no mention of the word forgiveness in the passage at question. The divergent-thinking child will definitely come up with mind-blowing ideas such as this one.
Complexity is the ability to come up with ideas or products with multiple layers of meaning. The idea can be likened to a multi-purpose tool. In the realm of thought, such idea can be used in different context even though the underlying meaning remains the same; the nuance, however, is different.
Risk-taking is the willingness to do exactly the opposite of the norm in pursuit of an idea. Usually, this would involve potential loss of life or simply loss of privileges. For the divergent thinker, life is boring without risks, and that risks are necessary in order to gain a bountiful reward.
Imagination is the faculty of the creative, divergent-thinking mind that is able to generate unprecedented concepts and ideas. On a milder form, this could be the use of existing ideas into something more useful. A great example of this component is the Wright Brothers’ imagination and dream of a world where people can fly.
Curiosity is the eagerness to ask questions about an idea. There are not simply ordinary questions, but probing ones, or simply put, those that will tend to deepen the appreciation of an apparently simple idea.
It is essential that if we want our children to cope with real-world problems, we must educate them to think creatively, that is make them divergent thinkers. In an early study, it was discovered that children best develop divergent thinking when trained to do so at the kindergarten level (Cliatt, M., Shaw, J., & Sherwood, J., 1980).
Children are said to be gullible and must be guided properly. In training children to be divergent thinkers, it is essential that they develop their faculty to evaluate the veracity of their ideas. It might be a common sense thing to think that creativity in children could lead them to false beliefs, but a study found that the divergent thinking abilities of children improve once they learned to “understand false beliefs.” (Suddendorf & Fletcher-Flinn, 1999) Creativity, then, does not imply the inclusion of falsehood.
Charles & Runco (2001) found in their study that when children are tasked to evaluate the level of originality of their thinking, accuracy of such judgment increased with age. Therefore, divergent thinking has age and level of development as variables.
In conclusion, there are no clear cut ways of developing divergent thinking. The original author of this concept has provided the necessary criteria for what constitute divergent thinking. But it remains a given that different cultures or even subcultures in a society will likely have different conceptions of creativity and those qualities of divergent thinking. Hence, more studies must be made so that appropriate and culturally relevant divergent thinking may be developed.
References
Charles, R., & Runco, M. (2001). Developmental Trends in the Evaluative and Divergent Thinking of Children. Creativity Research Journal, 13(3/4), 417-437. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database.
Cliatt, M., Shaw, J., & Sherwood, J. (1980). Effects of Training on the Divergent-Thinking Abilities of Kindergarten Children. Child Development, 51, 1061-1064. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from MLA International Bibliography database.
Gale, T. (1998). Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence. Retrieved 13 March 2009, from http://www.healthline.com/galecontent/divergent-thinking.
Suddendorf, T. and Fletcher-Flinn, C. M. (1999) Childrens Divergent Thinking Improves When They Understand False Beliefs. Creativity Research Journal, 12 2, special issue: 115-128. Retrieved 13 March 2009, from http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/eserv/UQ:10250/Children_s_Diver.pdf
Wilson, L. (2004). Divergent Thinking Abilities. Retrieved 13 March 2003, from http://www.uwsp.edu/education/lwilson/creativ/divergentthink.htm. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Middle Childhood: Divergent Thinking Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1552767-middle-childhood-divergent-thinking
(Middle Childhood: Divergent Thinking Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1552767-middle-childhood-divergent-thinking.
“Middle Childhood: Divergent Thinking Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1552767-middle-childhood-divergent-thinking.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Middle Childhood: Divergent Thinking

Middle Childhood

...in infant development is a crucial factor as noted by many a psychologist. Through this relationship, the infant is capable of socializing and gradually adopting cultural values of the community in which he or she belongs. Psychological/Emotional Issues Related To Infancy Psychological or emotional issues in infancy affect the ability to capture what is subjective to the infant’s mental state while at same time conceptualizing the association between their mental state and phenomena. This is triggered by psychological characters such as thinking capacity in association with phenomena. The ability to view the attitudes of other people through their visual mechanisms is a significant opportunity for the infant who has the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Children from Early Childhood through Middle Childhood

...? Children from Early Childhood through Middle Childhood Children from Early Childhood through Middle Childhood Children undergo a variety of changes from early to middle childhood in the developmental context. The considerations include their physical growth, rain and nervous system development and social and emotional development, which unfold differently among males and females. This study summarizes the physical changes, brain development and social and emotional changes during early childhood through to middle childhood. Physical Growth Quantitative...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

The Effects of Blended Families during Middle Childhood

...The Effects of Blended Families during Middle Childhood Family structures are very crucial to child development because children learn through what they observe in the immediate environment. Erickson psychosocial social theory posits that environment factor influences the behavior of a child and his or her adulthood (Mooney, et.al. 6). Psychologists have observed that many children who spend their childhood with both parents experience little or no social, academic, and behavioral problems over other family types (Kleinsorge & Covitz 2). Thus, the structure of a family would influence the behavior of the child during the childhood stages and later in adulthood stages....
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Childhood

...Childhood Childhood is a very fragile age because of the delicate emotional and physical capabilities of the child to cope up with any traumatic event. The extent to which a child may suffer from any stressful or traumatic event depends on his response to the circumstances. Some incidents might be considered trivial by the parents but at the same time they are taken very seriously by the children. The traumatic or stressful events that instill fear or low self-esteem in the children might appear in any form, whether physical or emotional. Exposure to threatening events or stressful emotional dilemmas in early years of life leaves a deep impact on the children’s minds and the after-affects are visible in...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Agressive behaviors in middle childhood

...Aggressive behavior in middle childhood The inner world of our children is the area that should be thoroughly studied as the childhood is the period, when much can be corrected. The aggressive behavior in middle childhood is one of the issues, which deserve special attention (Bandura, et al, 1961). There are three most common forms of aggressive behavior: physical violence that manifests itself as cruel treatment of other children and even adults, verbal hostility and nonverbal intimidation that is frequently met with children, who try to do some harm to a person they do not like on the quiet. One more important form that is met with children is passive...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Childhood

... Learning to Labor: How Working Kids Get Working Jobs Different have conducted different studies on the reasons why people end up with the kind of jobs they do. According to Paul Willis, the school system creates a class of working class lads, who are highly resistant towards the mental labor, but are more attracted to manual labor. There are important aspects of working class culture defining the route taken by the working class lads. Willis argues that the working class lads view mental work as more famine, while kids embrace the more masculine jobs (Willis 1-50). There is a belief that manual labor exists outside the school, holding the aura of adult life. On the other hand, mentor labor demands rather too much... Learning to Labor: How...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Child's physical and social development during early and middle childhood

...Child’s physical and social development during early and middle childhood I am writing this letter to petition the ban on recess in your school. I do not agree with the measure your school has taken following the significant risks that the action poses to the development of children. I realize that a child goes through a number of stages for them to develop in a healthy manner and skipping one of these stages can cause them significant harm, which may hinder their normal physical, social, cognitive, and emotional growth. Consequently, I intend to highlight some of the important aspects that banning recess would intefere with. Holistic Development Proper development of a child ought to involve the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Period of Middle Childhood

...Middle Childhood Development (Affiliation) Childhood development in leadership skills according to the chapter is solely focused on learning. Learning is defined as the most influential factor in reading that has assisted organizations not only manages to lead any group or organization effectively but have also increased the intellectual capacities of the learners to become effective leaders. As such this model ignores all other social aspects that shape the leadership skills of students such as sports. Model mostly capitalizes on education as the guiding lines for better leadership in the future. Middle childhood ages are thus shaped by their orientation...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Middle childhood development

...Number: Middle childhood development The movie “The Pursuit of Happyness” is a rag to riches tale about family, love and pursuing the American dream. The two main characters Will Smith who portrays Christopher Gardner a gardener who is struggling to make ends meet for his family. The second character is his son Jaden Christopher Syre Smith who is 8 years old. The family is facing financial crisis and as will smith tries to make ends meet, the wife abandons him and the son. Will smith as a character tries to make the son feel at home and lead a normal life even after the abandonment by the wife, though, he faces a lot of challenges even after being evicted from their home. Reflection The son is portrayed...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Human Development: Middle Childhood versus Adolescence

... Human Development: Middle Childhood versus Adolescence Human development comprises all the psychological changes one goes through in their life stages. It is also known as psychological development. Earlier, the field’s concern was in children and infants. However, the whole life span gets consideration. Motor skills, among other changes in one’s psychology such as moral understanding, identity information, and understanding of concepts, acquiring language, and abilities to solve problems encompass the fields of psychological development. In the investigation by psychologists of development, their interest becomes understanding the qualitative differences between children and adults. The development...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Middle Childhood: Divergent Thinking for FREE!

Contact Us