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PHILOSOPHY QUESTIONS - Essay Example

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Mill’s Harm-to-Others principle poses the idea that members of a society have the obligation not to harm other members of this society, and in return may enjoy the same protection: “Everyone who receives the protection of society owes a return for the benefit…each should…
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PHILOSOPHY QUESTIONS
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Download file to see previous pages Furthermore, it is immoral for a society to condemn behavior in individuals that does not harm society or other individuals.
2. Find differences between individuality and the uniform type of personality. What conditions are necessary to develop individuality? Individuality depends on freedom, particularly of expression. (Mill 193) Mill also promotes eccentricity in one’s habits and states that in doing so, one will create his life to suit himself and thus promote eccentric, but useful, habits to gain status as customs of society. Uniform types of personality, he says, are the result of constriction of this natural form of self-expression and result in stifled ways of thinking.
3. What is the relationship between individuality, diversity, originality, development, and freedom? Mill states that “The power of compelling others….is not only inconsistent with the freedom and development of all the rest, but corrupting to the strong man himself.” (Mill 202). In other words, personal freedom and a disinclination to impose one’s will on others develops originality and individuality.
4. How does Mill define liberty? How does he perceive human happiness? Mill closely defines human happiness as “”Pleasure and the absence of pain,” (Mill 99) and is in the essence of his definition of what Utilitarianism is; the pursuit of happiness by mankind as a whole. He states, “Human beings have faculties more elevated than the animal appetites.” (Mill 100) and that because of these “higher faculties” humans find pleasure—and thus, happiness—in the fine arts, especially. Liberty is in the freedom to choose what manner of lifestyle will promote this happiness in the individual, ideally promoting happiness in others, at the same time, but not necessarily. The only form of personal liberty he finds unacceptable is that which infringes on another’s liberty.
5. What is virtue by Mill? What is the function of reason and emotions in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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