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Why poverty was re-discovered in Britain in the late 1950s and early 1960 - Essay Example

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Summary to essay on topic "Why poverty was re-discovered in Britain in the late 1950s and early 1960"
As Britain’s economy slowly grew during the post-war period, so public spending as a percentage of GNP rose, to reach approximately half in the 1970s, and within public spending, the amount spent on social welfare also rose, to reach approximately a quarter of this half in the…
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Why poverty was re-discovered in Britain in the late 1950s and early 1960
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Download file "Why poverty was re-discovered in Britain in the late 1950s and early 1960" to see previous pages... Britain’s share of world trade fell from 13.9% to 10.8% during this time. Taxation increased from 32% of GDP to 43% of GDP. Economic planning had failed and this failure precluded major social planning despite the fact that some social reforms such as the launch of comprehensive education, reorganization of public transport,
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development in health and local government.
Abel-Smith and Townsend are credited with the "rediscovery of poverty" in the 1960’s: noticed that certain categories such as, families with children on low incomes and retired couples often lived in difficult circumstances. The definition of poverty adopted by Abel-Smith and Peter Townsend in their 1965 study, was the concept of “The Poor and the Poorest”. They concluded that "poverty was entirely a relative concept," and defined households to be in, or at the margins of, poverty if their income was less than "140 percent of the then current National Assistance scale plus rent". In 1960, 17.9% of households lived below this relative poverty standard. An unknown, but significantly smaller, share of the population had incomes below the "physical efficiency" or "human needs" poverty lines. (Ian Gazeley, Poverty in Britain 1900-1965)
There was a strong case for saying that socially deprived families are frequently found in confined geographical areas identifiable by certain physical and social characteristics. Examples of these characteristics: geographical location, "twilight zones" near a city’s business area; areas populated by immigrants; overcrowded and poor amenities, Victorian housing stock; areas with a high percentage of unskilled and semi-skilled workers; higher than average proportions of families on State benefits; higher than normal percentage of large families; large number of fatherless families; areas with little play space and recreational facilities; areas with poorer health; high percentage of child deprivation and delinquency. ...Download file "Why poverty was re-discovered in Britain in the late 1950s and early 1960" to see next pagesRead More
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