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World religions: judaism vs. islam - Essay Example

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Ishmael was Abrahams first born son by his wife Sarahs, concubine. Ishmael is thought to be the founder of the Arabic race. Islam considers Abraham the first Muslim. Jews are also the descendants of Abraham, but…
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World religions: judaism vs. islam
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Download file to see previous pages This has left the Jewish state, Israel, a lone country surrounded by hostile Islamic countries.
Prophets are important to both Jews and Muslims. The prophets differ from Judaism to Islam, but some are the same. Both religions consider Abraham as a prophet. In fact, Islam accepts the Torah as true. Although, Islam considers Mohammed as the supreme prophet. Jews do not consider Mohammed as a prophet. Mohammed was inspired to write the Quran after an angel visited him. Islam recognizes Jesus as a prophet, even mentioning him in the Quran. Since Jesus was turned over to the Jews for crucifixion, Muslims read in the Quran that Jews are prophet killers (Gabriel, 22). Muhammad respected Christianity, incorporating aspects into the newly founded Islamic religion. Other common prophets are Moses, David, and Solomon among others.
Like the Jews, Muhammad preached that there was only one God, named Allah. Muslims believe in five tenets. The first is daily ritualistic prayer towards Mecca. Secondly, to confess that Allah is the only God and Muhammad is his prophet (Armstrong, 148). Thirdly, to make a pilgrimage to the Holy cities of Mecca and Medina. Fourthly, to give alms to the poor. Finally, fasting during the Holy month Ramadan. These are called the five pillars of Islam.
Jews believe in one God, but do not recognize Muhammad as a prophet, nor Jesus. Jews believe that they are a chosen people. A Messiah will come to rescue the Jewish nation according to Judaism. Some Jews, along with the Gentiles, believed Jesus was the Messiah, which created Christianity. The Jews are still waiting for the Messiah. In the mean time, Jews believe in the law handed down by Moses. If they obey the law, then God will show them mercy.
Judaism and Islam both have some of the same laws. Pork is forbidden to eat by both faiths. Foods sacrificed or consecrated to other deities are forbidden by both religions. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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