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It is used both as a pain killer as well as a recreational drug. Some of its popular street names are – junk, dope Jenny, brown, diesel, smack, gear, dragon, hammer and ice-cubes.
Heroin is a whitish brown powder or sometimes a sticky black substance called “black tar heroin”. It is usually injected, sniffed, snorted or smoked. An intravenous injection takes a very short time of 5 to 7 seconds for the drug to enter a person’s brain. It immediately metabolizes and gives the person a flush of “euphoria” (light headedness). The other methods take a longer time.
Just like all other opiates, Heroin too is capable of creating high tolerance thresholds in the body. The great risk of heroin addiction is that the user can build a tolerance of the drug 3 to 4 times more than the lethal limit of a normal person. These high thresholds make heroin detoxification all the more painful and difficult for the heroin addict.
Heroin withdrawal is not only painful but also frightening. The withdrawal phase lasts anywhere between 48 to 72 hours since the last dose of heroin intake. The withdrawal symptoms include – dilated pupils, Muscle cramps, Nausea and vomiting, periodic chills, panic spells, goose bumps, diarrhea, malaise, fever and profuse sweating..
Addicts who have undergone these withdrawal symptoms describe their experience by saying –“it was the worse case of the flu” they had ever had. An addict has alternate wakeful and drowsy spells with clouded mental functioning. An overdose may sometimes lead to death and using the needle used by an infected person could result in HIV/AIDS or Hepatitis. Death could also be the end result if the addict has a high tolerance of heroin withdrawal. Some addicts complain of a stressful condition called “itchy blood” which results in compulsive scratching causing bruises on the body.
An overdose of heroin is usually counter acted
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To reduce the prevalence of addiction in people, it is necessary to know the reason behind it. The article “Stress, Habits, And Drug Addiction: A Psychoneuroendocrinological Perspective”, written by L. Shwabe, A. Dickinson and O. Wolf, tries to find the physical and psychological reasons behind the development of addictive behavior in human beings.
As a result of these imperfections and social abnormalities in society, many scientists, criminologist, and psychologists have attempted to treat and come up with solutions to correct these problems. In the history of drug abuse, many common street drugs, such as heroin, have created drug dependence in users which fuels their crime-filled life.
Addiction in Pregnancy to Prescription Drugs Abstract Addiction to prescription drugs among pregnant women causes harm to the unborn child. This behavior is also dangerous and risky to the life of those women who do it. The abuse can be of many ways. One of them is using the drugs against the rules and regulations instructed by a provider or using someone else medicine.
There are many harmful social outcomes that result from it. This leads to social atrocities like mugging in streets when the heroin addicts come out in the open in search of money. This is accumulated by looting the people specially the travellers and women mostly in broad daylight.
There are many psychoactive drugs that affect the psyche or personality of a person by affecting his brain chemistry. Drugs like Zoloft, Vioxx, Celebrex, Viagra, Prozac, and Paxil all fall into this category.
Vioxx, a Cox-2 inhibitor primarily meant for pain relief in Osteoarthritis and other types of pain, was withdrawn by its maker Merck last year after studies proved that Vioxx doubled the risk of heart attack or stroke in patients taking the medicine to prevent colon polyps that cause cancer.
This paper attempted to do this by first, defining drug abuse, then talking about the reasons why people succumb to this vice and later on, establishing the nature of the relationship between crime and drug abuse.
Consequently, they experience adverse physiological, social, or psychological consequences.
According to sociological perspectives, drug use in American communities is a complex concept that encompasses not only the dependability of an individual’s body, but also
The risk factors for addiction are biological, social, and environmental. World Health Organization estimates that about 37% of persons aged 16-59 use illicit drugs, with the highest number being reported young adults aged below
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