While this is a matter of creating awareness, it is also a matter of creating certain comfort level that will trigger communicative competency in that language. To be more precise, the teaching of a language can take place…
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In context of the communicative approach to language learning, I would like to start touching upon the models proposed by Krashen as far as motivation and effectiveness of technology in teaching goes. This will lay the structure for us to consider the nuances of shared reading in the linguistic context. (Mercer et al, 1996)
The first model is called affective filter hypothesis. We will study this model from the perspective of bilingualism. It has been assumed that every child has a first language before he or she knows it. But we must remember, there are also many homes in various parts of the world where children are brought up with a more or less equitable exposure to two and sometimes, even three languages – both in the written and spoken forms. For example, an average curriculum in India for any school includes English as well as a second language, which is more often than not Hindi (the national language), and finally a third language until the age of 13 (this is generally the regional or local language). Therefore, to study this hypothesis we must keep in mind that there are individuals who grow up with equally strong holds over two or even more languages. (Mercer et al, 1996)
To begin with this hypothesis works on the assumption that there is a filter in every individual’s mind that impedes the process of the second (or third) language or L2 entering into one’s awareness. The elements that are required to cross this phase include relaxing techniques and the creation of a congenial learning environment. A congenial environment more often than not signifies cooperation and a certain comfort level in carrying out various reading and writing exercises. This further sets the platform for shared reading. It is therefore, an accepted fact that shared reading must be initiated among children when they are very small as this is the time when they are the least intimidated by interaction with other
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In this paper, some strategies will be discussed which can be used to improve students’ fluency and word study. Teachers can use these strategies after evaluating the fluency level of their students using task-based approach. Using task-based approach, teachers assign different tasks to the students for evaluation, such as, answering the questions after listening to small audio clips and, speaking some sentences on some topic, and making students communicate with other students and discuss different issues.
It not only helps students understand the concepts but also helps them communicate with each other properly. There are some advantages and disadvantages of teaching students in their primary languages. Let us discuss those advantages and disadvantages in detail.
This paper seeks to discuss the reasons why English language is not as important to speakers of English as a second language. Although English is the most widely spoken language in United States and other regions, the rest of the population that speaks English as a second language still belong to the global community.
This shows in national and state surveys indicating that ethnic and racial minority children are the most at-risk group in social institutions, with the most significant academic underachievement, high poverty rates, high teen pregnancy rates, low skill levels, and low-paying employment opportunities.
Being the official language of 44 countries, English language is populated by 1.6 billion souls, where one-third of humankind is able to read, write and speak English (Bryson, 1990, p. 181).
The role of English in our present day societies reflects the globalisation and worldliness of this language.
This essay discusses in brief the development of the English as an international language, standardization and its significance on English as an international language.Right from the Anglo-Saxon period, English has constantly evolved to become what it is today.
This is due to the fact that a child learns his first language throughout his childhood, and it gets very difficult for him to indulge in second language learning and into a different culture after attaining a
As the discussion declares despite the consistent, albeit futile, efforts of educational systems, especially in urban setting, we are unable to provide high quality of education to an increasing number of English Learners. We are mistaken when we assume that what works well for the majority of students will work with the English Language Learners.
need to be completely established after having alleged that I did not meet the prescribed requirements, I am hereby writing this waiver since I strongly affirm that I have the proficiency of a native English speaker as justified below:
Should you still require an official
English is the most universally acceptable language. Irrespective of the non-native background that I came from, I was required to learn and use English efficiently. I note a number of aspects that I have been able to acquire as evidenced by the constant development in my writing and reading skills.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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