StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Overview on coral reef re-plantation in X-Sea port area - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Corals are divided into two subclasses based on differences in their radial symmetry. The first subclass is characterized by the presence…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.7% of users find it useful
Overview on coral reef re-plantation in X-Sea port area
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Overview on coral reef re-plantation in X-Sea port area"

Download file to see previous pages In many parts of the world, the coral population has undergone a massive reduction due to various human factors. The health of the coral reefs has been steadily declining over the past few decades. Environmental pollution and rampant destructive fishing practices damage the delicate corals. Nutrients seeping into the sea from agricultural areas cause the algae in the sea to increase in volume. This causes smothering of the corals and leads to decrease in size of coral reefs. Quite recently, the decrease in the coral populations has been attributed to a dozen or more deceases that attack corals. Many of these diseases were unknown until recently.
Coral reefs have also been affected by bleaching. Bleaching is the discoloration or loss of symbiotic zooxanthellae. In 1979 and 1980, several incidents of coral bleaching occurred at reefs around Okinawa, Easter Island, northeast Australia, and the Caribbean Sea. Outbreaks of bleaching also occurred in 1982 and 1983, including reefs off east Africa, Indonesia, and the west coast of Central and South America, and from 1986 to 1988 in areas such as Taiwan, Hawaii, Fiji, Mayotte Island, and the entire length of the Great Barrier Reef. The most extensive bleaching episode ever documented occurred in 1998 and affected reefs in the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and Caribbean Sea. In some areas 100 percent of the corals were bleached and more than 70 percent of the corals died. (Smith 2003)
Taking the rapidly declining coral population and the vulnerability of corals various measure are being taken in many countries to prevent further damage to the corals. Some of these steps include strict vigilance on fishing practices, artificial plantation of corals etc. Methods of coral community rehabilitation included coral transplantation and translocation, reattachment of coral fragments, providing artificial substrata, coral cultivation, prevention measures, and mitigation of damaged coral reefs. (Yeemin No ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Overview on coral reef re-plantation in X-Sea port area Essay”, n.d.)
Overview on coral reef re-plantation in X-Sea port area Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536913-overview-on-coral-reef-re-plantation-in-x-sea-port-area
(Overview on Coral Reef Re-Plantation in X-Sea Port Area Essay)
Overview on Coral Reef Re-Plantation in X-Sea Port Area Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536913-overview-on-coral-reef-re-plantation-in-x-sea-port-area.
“Overview on Coral Reef Re-Plantation in X-Sea Port Area Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536913-overview-on-coral-reef-re-plantation-in-x-sea-port-area.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Overview on coral reef re-plantation in X-Sea port area

Biology: Coral Report

... College Coral Report Background Information Coral reefs look like plants but they are animals. They live in a large colony inside water and each coral is comprised of many individual polyps which are connected by living tissues called coenosarcs. The shapes of these polyps are cup-like and have tentacles that they use them as mouth and anus. These tentacles have stinging cells in which they use them to defend themselves and also to capture their prey. Corals are of two types that is, hard corals and soft corals. The skeleton of the soft corals are very flexible and are made of protein named gorgonin. The hard corals are responsible for the building of the reef due to their rigid calcium carbonate skeletons. Provided that corals get enough...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Coral Reef Bleaching

...? Coral Reef Bleaching Coral Reef Bleaching Why/how Coral bleaching occurs Introduction Coral reefs develop inthe sea or ocean environment. The development of coral reefs occurs through the massive and long-term build-up of calcareous skeletal of scleractinian corals (Rosenberg et al., 2009). Corals reefs tend to be of significant importance in the ocean environment because of various factors addresses in this paper. However, occurrences of bleaching damage the existence of the corals. Bleaching is the disruption of symbiosis that occurs between the coral hosts and its endosymbiotic zooxanthallae (Rosenberg et al., 2009). Why/how Coral bleaching occurs Coral bleaching occurs because of the disintegration between corals and their symbionts...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Coral Reef

Coral reefs therefore are mostly found in the oceanic environment where there are large quantities of calcium carbonate. Structure of the Ecosystem; Biotic and A biotic Coral reefs consist of both the biotic and a biotic factors and this determines the living and the non-living parts of the ecosystem respectively. The biotic factors encompasses all the life forms that are within the coral reefs and this includes the following; the density of the coral polyps, fish population in the waters, the wide range of the mollusks population, all the populations of echinoderms, the population of zooplanktons and those of benthic crustacean. All these constitute the biotic par t of the coral reefs (Nichols and Williams 41). With regard to a...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Plymouth Plantation

...PLYMOUTH PLANTATION Remembering Plymouth Looking east it doesn't seem any change since 1620. The of the book Mayflower, Nathaniel Philbrick describes the American history covered in mythology and romantic fantasy and calls it as restorative myth of national origins. The Mayflower, Plymouth Rock was the first Thanksgiving that tells about the pilgrim settlement of New England. The voyage of Mayflower was described to be not a comforting one by the author. The travelers knew nothing about long passages and they don't have any idea when it comes to sailing through the sea. The travelers were not experienced when it comes to migrating or settling out of the American wilderness. The book describes the first Thanksgiving and about the brave...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

RE

...God: One and the Same Introduction More often than not, in this Christian-founded nation, when people think or speak of God their mind automaticallyswitches to the concepts of God that have been presented by the Christian or Catholic churches: this invisible, omnipresent being who answers prayers, touches hearts, and instills His fear into those that follow and oppose Him. However, if one were to travel to other countries, to different parts of the United States, or even to their next door neighbor’s house, they may find that a contrasting image of God exists there (Fisher & Smart, 1998). Although God is considered to be a part of just the Christian-based religions, there are many people that would be shocked to find that even... One and the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Coral Bleaching

.... Though salinity has been effectively prominent, there is also presence of toxic chemicals, UV radiation as well as reduced temperatures. By the period 2012 to 2040, the experience with coral reef is expected to become more frequent in bleaching. This is seen as the greatest threat to the reef system in the world. The intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has forecast that this will mostly be caused by the high summer temperatures which induce bleaching. Other places that will be greatly damaged by the bleaching include areas around the sea for example Indian Ocean where over 90 percent of the coral cover is lost in Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Kenya and Tanzania. Economists have also predicted mass coral bleaching occurrences...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Coral Reefs

of this student that the reader will come away from this paper with a more informed understanding of how the coral reefs are an integral part of the ecosystem and the means by which action must be encouraged in order to save them from any further destruction.
Although it is true that these reefs are beautiful, they allow for tens of thousands of different forms of sea life to reside within these reefs; in a way that they could not within the deeper oceans and other unprotected regions of the sea. This protection from indigenous species allows for species that would otherwise have little to no protection from predators to thrive within such an environment. Moreover, the habitat that the coral reefs provide creates a somewhat...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Plantation slavery in America

... Teacher Reflection I thought America’s’ plantation slavery to grow cottons were an original American idea but in fact an importfrom Brazil. But slavery is slavery regardless of who came with the plantation idea, it is still ugly and oppressive. Chapter 2 of the book is like the American Civil War which was a prelude to the abolition of slavery except that in the Latin American version, the war gave the slaves an opportunity to escape. Eventually slavery softened but just like in America, efforts were still made to oppress the blacks just like the free Womb laws the still compelled children of free women to work albeit for a pay until they reach eighteen years old where they get their freedom. I know that slavery will not last...
1 Pages(250 words)Personal Statement

How Does Port Location Affect Port Traffic

... ships.1 Sea freight is used because long distance transport costs lesser than airfreight and when the shipment is not suitable by airfreight.2 The U.S began as a maritime nation. In the 19th century, U.S.-flag merchant vessels transported more than 90% of U.S foreign trade.3 The U.S marine transportation system encompasses a network of navigable waterways, ports, railroads, roadways and pipelines connecting waterborne portions of the system to the rest of the nation. The world’s largest trading nation, U.S accounts for over one billion metric tons of commerce (20% of the world’s ocean borne trade).4 Today, the U.S is served by publicly – and privately – owned marine facilities located in more than 300 commercial sea and river ports...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Ensuring Safety at Sea

These include the Gyro compass and the rate of turn indicator, among others.
Moreover, the AIS yields data from the ship’s compass and transmits this simultaneously. Relevant information including the ship’s name and the VHF call sign are encoded during equipment installation and are transmitted less often. Receipt of such signals is done through the AIS transponders installed on other ships and on land-based systems like the VTS.
To guarantee that the VHF transmissions of distinct AIS transponders do not transpire simultaneously, they are time-multiplexed. This is made possible through the use of patented technology tagged as STDMA (Self-organising Time Division Multiple Access). One issue of contention is w...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

IT Management Overview of Open Source Software and Business Research

It has provided a very positive impact as an enabler for the creation of new markets and business opportunities. But depending upon the person some people still think that it is a temporary fashion in the software industry another, on the contrary, believes that changes caused by open source will be deep enough and will shape the software industry of the first decade of the 21st century.

What is Open Source Software? : One can not define the Open Source Software in a few words, because of many categories and variants that exist for Open Source Software. But it is not complicated and the term ‘Open Source Software’ itself gives an idea about it. Now before giving definition from various people about Open Sour...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Analysis of Japans Economic Strengths and Weaknesses Overview

Its economy is the second-largest after the United States in real terms and by far the largest in terms of GDP, set at an estimated $3.914 trillion and a per capita income of $30,700 in 2005. In terms of PPP, the Japanese economy is second to the People’s Republic of China in all Asian economies. The country is also the largest in terms of foreign investment and has successfully sustained a trade surplus for more than five decades. As of 200, the Japanese state holds a sixth of the United States Treasury Securities, which represents about 3.5 percent of the United States’ gross domestic product. It is notable that Japan’s economic problems can greatly impact the global market (CIA World Factbook, 2006 and Economi...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

Purposeful Franchising: Re-Thinking of the Franchising Rationale

Selecting the right mode of entry the first time is important because there are no second chances. Wrong choices lead to lost market potential and loss of important committed resources such as management time and money (Rajan & Pangarkar, 2000).

To decide on the choice of entry mode requires a study of the internal and external environment. The external environment or the macro environment includes the political and economic factors in the host country, the government rules and legislation, the trade barriers, and the host country market environment. The internal environment or the micro-environment includes service factors, corporate goals and objectives, and corporate strengths and weaknesses. The location is equa...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Malcolm X: a Typical Religious American

His growing up years did not sound very appealing. He became involved in drug dealing, gambling, robbery, burglary, racketeering, steering prostitutes and carrying firearms in which he got imprisoned. In his prison cell, he denounced the bible and started the onsets of his connection with the Nation of Islam through his brother. He then maintained a connection with its leader, Elijah Muhammad. When he was finally released, he immediately joined the Nation of Islam, spread the Islamic teachings and became Malcolm X, symbolizing the rejection of ‘slaves names’ and the absence of an inherited African name. He soon became the minister of the Nation of Islam’s Temple Number Eleven after staying in Chicago with Elijah...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Organizational Behaviour: The Application of Theory X and Y

People are not just a “resource”. Each person is a complicated web of likes, dislikes, ambitions, fears, interests, passions – in short, every imaginable sentiment and belief. While it is true that people respond to a degree to external pressure, there is a point at which they will only act when they are personally convinced of the usefulness and rightness of their actions.
In an attempt to understand in a scientific way the principles by which people may be motivated, a man named Douglas McGregor had formulated a theory on human resource motivation. This is known as the principle of Theory X and Theory Y.
Almost 50 years ago, in 1960, Douglas McGregor began a debate when a published his book entitled T...
10 Pages(2500 words)Literature review

Aquaculture Black Brawns in Port Douglas, Australia

Situated in Port Douglas, North Queensland; the Black Brawns Aquaculture project mainly concentrates on the production of prawns. Prawns are mostly produced in large-scale ponds. The process of this production runs 24 hours a day throughout the year. It is a four-stage process that involves hatching, growing, harvesting and processing of the prawns. Given that the prawns feed at night, most of the activities of feeding run between 11 pm to dawn (Anderson Et al, 2006 p 4).
Prawn farming in Australia is a thriving industry that employs 2,800 people directly and indirectly. It produces 3,500 metric tons of prawns annually in farms covering 900 hectares. It raises a total revenue of US$ 47 million (FAO, 2009). Apart from Port Dou...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Comparison of Leading Womens Role in Portrait of Teresa and Salt of Sea

... Number] Comparison of leading Women’s role in Portrait of Teresa and Salt of Sea Every society has different values,traditions and perceptions regarding the role of women that fit within their historical, cultural and social contexts. The cinema being an important cultural institution and reflector of social values tends to depict the role of women in movies to refer their current status as well as to motivate them playing a non traditional role for some specified purposes. In the movies “Portrait of Teresa” and “Salt of the earth” also, the directors Pastor Vega and Herbert Biberman have presented the roles of women in quite encouraging manner to show the women’s potential of playing a revolutionary and defining role in setting up trends...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Martin Luther King and Malcolm X

His approach was non-violent, and he sought to end racial discrimination and segregation through peaceful means, and with minimal conflict. A wonderful orator, Martin Luther King is most prominent for his speech entitled ‘I Have a Dream’. Malcolm X was a little more direct in his approach, and also more radical in his ideals – he was not against violent protest, and expressed to his followers that the fight against racial oppression did not exclude violence. Unlike King, Malcolm X did not promote racial equality; rather he fought for and spoke of black pride and self-dependence.
The image is at first hand generally complex; there are many people in both the foreground and background, suggesting an air of bus...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Port Logistics

... «Ports Logistics» Introduction Sea transport has for a long time now been a vital channel for the delivery of goods of different kinds from one point to the other in the UK. Were it not for sea transport, international trade would be struggling since its varied cargo ferrying capacity remains unmatched by other transport systems. It therefore follows that management of the port business is an important area in not only internal but external business operation. Port logistics involve management strategies used by port management and government agencies to ensure efficient goods circulation from their origin to their destination in such a way that satisfies the needs...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

How Did Plantation and the Slave Trade Contribute to Capitalist Development in the Atlantic Economy

... Univeristy: How did plantation and the slave trade contribute to capitalist development in the Atlantic economy? This study examines the issue of the slave trade and how it relates to the development of capitalism in the Atlantic economy. Primarily, the study addresses how plantation and the slave trade contributed to the rise of capitalism. The study will explore the horrors of the slave trade and how the slave traders led to the development of capitalism. The study focusses on how capitalism evolved during the slave trade. The study will also focus on the relationship between plantation agriculture, slavery, and the rise of capitalism. Introduction The transatlantic slave trade, which lasted for two hundred years, from 1650 to 1850...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Overview on coral reef re-plantation in X-Sea port area for FREE!

Contact Us