StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

The use of official corruption by transnational organised crime groups - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This paper is a Topic Selection and Project Plan for a 10,000-word legal research paper, which forms part of the syllabus for the Masters in Transnational Crime Prevention from the University of Wollongong. The aim of this current paper is to present the author’s selected…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92% of users find it useful
The use of official corruption by transnational organised crime groups
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The use of official corruption by transnational organised crime groups"

Download file to see previous pages The aim of this project is to compile a 10,000 word research paper following independent research in the area of transnational crime prevention. The topic selected by the author to research is the use of official corruption by transnational criminal groups to further their illegal activities.
The topic is relevant to transnational crime prevention in that transnational criminal groups greatly rely on the use of various forms of official corruption to facilitate and grow their illegal activities.
Transnational organised crime groups exist in all types of societies, whether or not there is a high incidence of official corruption. However, they are able to operate, remain viable and sustainable, grow and even become a serious threat to the state and civil society when certain conditions prevail. Such conditions include:
Where the state is weak or corrupt or, more commonly, both. The agencies that are meant to control crime are unable to do so or else are unwilling, and instead are happy to be paid off by criminal groups or even work with them.
The legal, political and economic systems fail to meet the needs of the society, or at least a significant section of them. In such circumstances, desire for illegal goods and services, such as drugs or other contraband, is often high and organised crime groups can and will fill any vacuum created by the weakness of the state to and provide essential and non essential services, including protection. If, for example, people do not believe that the police can or will protect them and their property, then paying criminals for protection may, in many circumstances, seem necessary and inevitable.
Official corruption takes many forms and involves many different types of officialdom, from elected politicians, to officials in various ministries, including law enforcement agencies. The aim of this project is to put forward a definition of official corruption that best suits the purposes of research into the ways ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The use of official corruption by transnational organised crime groups Essay”, n.d.)
The use of official corruption by transnational organised crime groups Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536803-the-use-of-official-corruption-by-transnational-organised-crime-groups
(The Use of Official Corruption by Transnational Organised Crime Groups Essay)
The Use of Official Corruption by Transnational Organised Crime Groups Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536803-the-use-of-official-corruption-by-transnational-organised-crime-groups.
“The Use of Official Corruption by Transnational Organised Crime Groups Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536803-the-use-of-official-corruption-by-transnational-organised-crime-groups.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The use of official corruption by transnational organised crime groups

Organised Crime and Terrorism

... must put suspects under surveillance as a last resort and not merely at the slightest suspicion (Welch 2012). Penetrating terrorist cells is the final arena that I shall seek to cover in this essay. This is a very important step because it seeks to thwart the plans even before they are created. Organized crime today uses big business as a cover up and also as a source of financing. The reasons are simple. These attacks have to be planned meticulously and no cost is spared to ensure that their cover is not blown up. For instance, after terrorists realized that it was no longer feasible to use Pakistanis to carry out their acts, they moved on to using naturalized British citizens of Pakistani origin. Not to arouse the suspicion...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Organized Crime Groups in UK

... terror and criminal acts against the masses and from the look of it, these groups may as well remain in operation for unknown periods apparently due to their careful organization. The crimes are operated in the circles of drug dealing where massive amounts of money are made, and other criminal acts like counterfeiting currencies and extortion. These and other forms of crimes have been perpetuated in the said areas by an outlawed secret society known as the Mafia. The mafia is a criminal society that is also known by another name; Cosa Nostra. It is composed of a number of terror gangs that specialize in crime and which are associated through the use of common codes of conduct that stipulates the members' actions. They also share a common...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Structures of Organised Crime

Characteristics such as corruption, violence, sophistication, continuity, structure, discipline, multiple enterprises, legitimate businesses and bonding are examined as indicators of organized crime, different combinations of them are judged to be appropriate to describe the activities of only certain kinds of organized crime groups, thus recognizing the need for a general definition (Maltz, 1985).
Despite a growing recognition of the vulnerability of developing societies and emerging democracies to this problem, and continued study of this phenomenon in mature economies, no consensus exists on the definition of organized crime. Academic definitions abound. One leading organized crime text defines organized crime merely as a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

How organised is Organised Crime

?How organized is Organized Crime?”, it is difficult to provide a straightforward answer, given the complexities and flexibility that signify these groups. Hence, this essay will try to present to the reader those aspects of Organized Crime groups that is well organized and also point to those elements in it that is more fluid.
One of the notorious crime groups of the twentieth century is the Medellin Cartel of Columbia. The perennial political instability of Columbia is a key factor for the evolution of this group. The civil war of 1948-1958 had the harshest impact on the country and its surrounding areas. The civil war was essentially one of struggle between poor campesinos and the rich landowners. It is no coincidence...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Transnational Corporate Crime

The increasingly globalized nature of crime has made its impact more far reaching than it is conceived in ordinary course of life. The overall nature and sophistication with which white collar crimes are specially committed are considered as simply as amazing by any standards.(Carrabine, Ignaski & Lee, 2004). The corporate scandals that have come out in recent years are showing the level of sophistication and have further complicated the issue. It is also argued that the transnational organizations often tend to involve in activities which often can be classified as illegal in their home countries. Such involvement in potentially illegal acts often results into significant social and economic problems also not only in the host cou...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Transnational Crime, Globalisation

The globalisation phenomenon has led to the internationalisation of knowledge, goods and people across international borders. While it is easy to think of globalisation in purely economic terms, this phenomenon has also set the stage for the international distribution of more insidious items.  These include drugs such as cocaine which is harvested in the jungles of Columbia before it makes its way to the cities of London, New York and Paris. In Afghanistan, the poppies of this country are harvested, sent to heroin processing plants in Eastern Europe before they find their home in the veins of Western Europeans and North Americans. In addition to the globalisation of drugs and the internationalisation of narcotics, globalisati...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Organised Crime in Films 'City Of God'

Thе moviе shows how thе rеlativе frеquеncy of juvеnilе gun usе and possеssion, whеn combinеd with thе abovеmеntionеd situations, complicatеs thе futurе furthеr, and all of thеsе situations togеthеr form organizеd crimе as a sort of culturе of dеlinquеncy that prеsеnts a dangеr for thosе juvеnilеs who do not havе morе fulfilling ways with which to occupy thеir timе. So many pеoplе comе to thе wrong conclusions about juvеnilеs and automatically assumе that thеy don’t want to do productivе activitiеs such as sports and clubs, but would rathеr join a gang. This may bе wrong in thе long run, bеcausе of problеms of accеss to thеsе morе productivе activitiеs in somе arеas. Making thеsе activitiеs and organizations availablе to a widеr...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Project: Transnational Crime

...Comparison and Contrast of Cultures with an Anti-American Sentiment Here January 7, The United s of America was built upon the promises of freedom for all, democracy and the understanding that people should have the ability to create and determine their own future. While this sentiment finds favor with many cultures and countries across the world, there are populations in existence that do not agree with the mantra of the United States. In fact, among cultures who do not find favor with the ethical and moral conduct of America, there are certain groups which hold this country in a high degree of disdain for their decisions to promote democracy and freedom for all. With their demonstrated opinions and feelings towards Americans...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Transnational Crime

...Transnational Crime Question 1 There are several countries in the world that have standard living like that in the United States. Those countries however have lower levels of hatred directed towards them. This is mostly because of the cultures of those countries. They are conservatives not liberal to issues like women’s rights, same sex relationships and abortion rights compared to US (Rollins et al. 2010). United States is a liberal country and hence individuals and countries against liberalism target it most. Question 2 This difference in ideologies between nations of the world may escalate to such levels that some people from conservative countries decide to take terroristic actions against the liberal nations like United States...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

The Widespread Use of Information Communication Technology

An increasing number of frauds is an example of an alarming situation. All these have a far-reaching impact on the employees, on businesses and on people. 

On the work front, the advantages of ICT cannot be overlooked in maintaining and implementing successful quality programs. Customer-driven standards, customer-supplier links, the prevention of error, quality at the source, and continuous improvement are some of the principles that are put into practice (Laudon & Laudon, 2000 cited by Iles & Healy, 2004). IC T facilitates the production process, helps meet benchmarking standards, make constant upgradation based on customer demands. The internet has revolutionized not just the selling of goods and services...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Use of Batteries as Power Sources

Plus key issues exacting to a low-side Li-ion protector circuit are converse. The transients shaped when the Li-ion protector opens throughout a brief short or when the battery is unplugged even as beneath load may exceed the voltage rating of semiconductors in the battery set. This theme describes a number of plan issues and suggests solutions to make your mind up or get better them. The resolution of these subjects requires attention to together the circuit design and the printed circuit board (PCB) explains.

If we analyzed the Fig. 1 then we come to know that it is a block drawing of circuitry in a typical Li-ion battery set. It demonstrates an instance of a security protection circuit for the Li-ion cells and a gas...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

The Importance of Place in a Groups Ethnic Identity

His work spans a broad range of subjects from ethnography among peasants in Algeria, to sociological analysis of nineteenth-century artists and writers, education, language, consumer and cultural tastes, religion, and science in modern French society. (p. 2)
Bourdieu’s major theoretical contributions to sociology are his notion of habitus and its associated concepts of social field and agency. Given the breadth of literature and uses of examples that Bourdieu produced in order to articulate these concepts, there is much room for interpretation of what they meant and how much social agency they afford to individuals. Nonetheless, this paper will explore the habitus, field, and agency in terms of the fluid dynamics of the...
13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment

Explaining White-Collar Crime through Sykes and Matzas Neutralization Techniques and Mertons Anomie

Modern criminology indicates that the term is of no limitation by referencing to types of crime, which could be enumerated as a crime by the time of the offense, by the type of offender, and by organizational culture (Cote 2002, p. 202). White-collar crimes are generally not associated with poverty or pathologies relating to it. The legal definition of crime is viewed as the only definition of crime, in which the behavior being examined is punishable by law (Sutherland 1949, p. 84).

Sutherland (1949, p. 84) claims that persons belonging to the upper socioeconomic class are involved in such criminal behavior, which is characterized as different from the criminal behavior in which the lower socioeconomic class engage in p...
11 Pages(2750 words)Report

Arab Americans and Bonds of Hate Groups

The Arab-Israeli conflict has so far been the major influence on how the Arabs were treated in the United States criminal justice system. The American partiality towards Israel and the Arab hostility has been a prominent variable in the American criminal justice system’s policymaking. However, the single most significant historical development that has impacted the relationship between Arab Americans and the criminal justice system was the 9/11 terrorist attack. This event is pivotal in the criminalization of the US immigration law and the legal and bureaucratic reforms that were implemented, including the new alien detention authorities of the US Patriot Act and the separation of the service and law enforcement functions of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Death Penalty: Does it Serve as a Deterrent to Future Crime

Animal instincts are directed towards self-preservation and it is the law of nature that a stronger and healthier individual has more chances of living than his weaker counterpart. The survival of the fittest has now been established as a ground reality according to Darwinian philosophy. If we eliminate our civilized thought process, it emerges as a stark reality that we would not desist from attacking another living person or animal when we are overcome by the basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. In times of natural disasters like earthquakes, wars and floods, and manmade disasters like war, it is not uncommon to witness ravaged populations shedding the façade of civilization and resorting to violence in order to fu...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Quality Use of Medicines - Pharmacy Comparison

The pharmacist is also the justice of the peace.

Comparing this pharmacy with the Campbell pharmacy, the Chandler pharmacy is located in a much busier area, hence there are more shops and more people in the vicinity. There are more medically related establishments in the Chandler pharmacy than in the Campbell pharmacy, hence there are more patients buying their medicines in the Chandler pharmacy. Both pharmacies have similar conveniences for their customers. They are located near a bus stop and taxi ranks, and a car park is available within the vicinity of both pharmacies.

The Chandler Kamart pharmacy is a very busy pharmacy with three full-time pharmacists and 8 pharmacy assistants working in one shift. With...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Narrative Voice, Characterization, and Use of Settings in Catcher in the Rye and a Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian

The same is true of any writer. One is trying to get into a unique writing style, often without deliberate inclinations-- the style emerges of its own, -- but sometimes, the narrative voice as a writing technique is consciously employed by the writer. To start with, it is necessary for the writer to select which POV (point of view) to use.

The author’s persona of a fictional narrative can contribute to or mar the success of the story. Much depends on the plot of the story and how the author wishes to develop it. What is the emotional content of the story as a whole and how the individual emotional levels contribute to the total success of the story? There should not be any artificiality about the development of th...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

The Use of Rhetoric in the Electronic Age

The rubric of the rhetorical theory is an extremely contested discipline with classical rhetoric theory focusing on the concept of rhetoric as a form of persuasion or an ideological perspective that asserts “rhetoric’s role in upholding power and domination” over the “general public” as the underlying basis of societal communication (Stacks & Salwen, 2008, p.240). However, the boundaries of the classical rhetorical theory have been challenged by cultural change, context and the permeation of alternative perspectives. 

In particular, the impact of the digital revolution and the growth of numerous multimedia streams on cultural norms has challenged classical theory propounding the fu...
14 Pages(3500 words)Article

The Increasing Use of Technology

Technology has no doubt had an incredible impact on our lives in many ways, such as through making information and other things more accessible, facilitating all kinds of tasks including communication, making life easier and more enjoyable, but these developments have come at the expense of reducing our involvement, making people unable to cope with situations when the technology breaks down, and so on. It is argued that situations of over-reliance and dependency do exist, so technology has indeed taken over and that people should, therefore, use technology effectively so they can derive its benefits but also cautiously so that it does not cause any detrimental effects in a situation where they are avoidable.

Technology...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Importance of Using Official Crime Data

... Discussion Board Forum Statistics are paramount in analyzing the rates of the crimes across the globe. Researchers often ask questions to gauge the perceptions of the public regarding the safety provided by the police (Miller, 2003). On the other hand, police use the crime statistics to lobby for more cash from the federal government to tackle crimes in the city's neighborhoods. The paper will review the importance of using the official crime data when conducting research on the social issues. Importance of Using Official Crime Data One advantage of using official data when doing research about crimes is that it is collected in a standardized method. Such that, the method used to gather data in New York is the same in Los Angeles...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The use of official corruption by transnational organised crime groups for FREE!

Contact Us