Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Evidence Based Research Article - Book Report/Review Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Cardo, D.M., Culver, D.H. Ciesielski, C. A., Srivastava, P.U., Marcus, R., Abiteboul, D., Hepstonstall, J. Ipppolito, G., Lot, F., McKibben, P.S., Bell, D.M. et al. A case-control study of HIV seroconversion in health care workers after percutaneous exposure…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.1% of users find it useful
Evidence Based Research Article
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Evidence Based Research Article"

Download file to see previous pages No hypotheses were stated. The research question was not categorically stated but could be inferred from the background given, and it is this: What factors influence the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection after percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood
Design of the study. This is a case-control study that was conducted of health care workers with occupational, percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood. The case patients were those who became seropositive after exposure to HIV, as reported by national surveillance systems in France, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The controls were health care workers in a prospective surveillance project who were exposed to HIV but did not seroconvert.
The dependent variable may be said to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection after percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood. The independent variables may be the factors influencing this risk
Subjects. The study population included 33 case patients (23 from the United States, 5 from France, 3 from the United Kingdom, and 2 from Italy) and 679 controls (from 190 of the U.S. health care facilities involved in the CDC Needlestick Study). Case patients were health care workers who had a documented occupational, percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood by a needle stick or a cut with a sharp object, HIV seroconversion that was temporally associated with the exposure, and no other reported concurrent exposure to HIV. Control subjects were health care workers with a documented occupational, percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood who were HIV seronegative at the time of exposure and at least six months later.
Case patients were identified through reports to national surveillance systems for occupationally acquired HIV infection that were operated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in cooperation with state and local health departments in the United States; the Rseau National de Sant Publique in France; the Centro di Riferimento AIDS in Italy; and the Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in the United Kingdom. Controls were identified through reports to a voluntary CDC surveillance project, Prospective Evaluation of Health Care Workers Exposed to Blood of Patients Infected with HIV, also called the CDC Needlestick Study. This project has enrolled health care workers from approximately 300 health care institutions in the United States since 1983.
All case patients reported in the United States by August 1994 who were exposed after 1987 and all controls exposed after 1987 whose six-month follow-up evaluation was completed as of August 1994 were studied.
Findings. In answer to the research question, the following are the findings: Logistic-regression analysis based on 33 case patients and 665 controls showed that significant risk factors for seroconversion were deep injury (odds ratio_15; 95 percent confidence interval, 6.0 to 41), injury with a device that was visibly contaminated with the source patient's blood (odds ratio_6.2; 95 percent confidence interval, 2.2 to 21), a procedure involving a needle placed in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Evidence Based Research Article Book Report/Review”, n.d.)
Evidence Based Research Article Book Report/Review. Retrieved from
(Evidence Based Research Article Book Report/Review)
Evidence Based Research Article Book Report/Review.
“Evidence Based Research Article Book Report/Review”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Evidence Based Research Article

Evaluating systamtic reviews(evidence based medicine)

...?Article Review How effective is CBT(cognitive Behavioral Therapy) in the treatment of mild to moderate depression? The criteria for being selected for the sample in this study were to be above the age of 18 and have a Beck Depression Inventory Score of at least greater than 14. Exclusion criteria for the study was attempts to suicide, psychotherapy in the past 6 months, use of antidepressants, restricted mobility, organic brain syndrome, or the inability to complete the inventory. The selection was not randomized because they wanted to look at people who specifically could be diagnosed with depression using the Beck Depression Inventory. The search for the study was relatively complete and there was some validity to the study... Review How...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Proximity Based Marketing

...? Proximity Based Marketing Proximity Based Marketing Introduction Location-based services (LBS) are defined as services, which depend on positional information of mobile device (Dhar and Varshney, 2011). It is a mobile information service that broadens the processing capability of both the temporal and spatial information to users through the wireless and Internet communications (Dhar and Varshney, 2011). There are several LBS types such as person-oriented LBS, which consists of application with user based services where the user controls the collection and utilization of location information, and the device-oriented LBS where user applications are external, in which the device or a person located does not control the service. The push...
3 Pages(750 words)Article

Critiquing evidence based practice research

...?CRITIQUING EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE RESEARCH Preamble The research is a quantitative kind of research undertaken to examine the differences between various methods of blood pressure (BP) measurement in patients with irregular heart rhythms. The research seeks to make a comparison between automated BP measurement devices and manual BP measurement devices. The devices and methods chosen within this research are both non-invasive methods. Patients used in the study suffer from Atrial Fibrillation, a condition commonly associated with heartbeat disorder, producing irregular heartbeats(Roy et al. 2008). The researchers found limited information available regarding the accuracy of different non-invasive BP measurement devices in patients...
9 Pages(2250 words)Article

Medication Cost Information in a Computer-Based Patient Record System

.... The second article I've chosen is named "Prescription Medication Costs", in which researchers wanted to determine how much do physicians know about and are familiar with the costs of medications, and how much does it seem important to them to know the prices of the medications. The researchers surveyed 205 practicing faculty and resident physicians from seven medicine training programs in Iowa. All programs are community based, and in towns where there are between 30,000 and 190,000 people, meaning between 15,000 and 40,000 patient visits to the doctor per year. As preparation for the survey, a daily audit of written prescription was performed clinical pharmacist faculty members. Fifty drugs which were commonly prescribed...
10 Pages(2500 words)Article

Leadership and Cultural Context: A Theoretical and Empirical Examination Based on Project GLOBE

...Executive summery Globe is a social entity that contains 170 scientists in the social field. These scientists also represent the diverse 61 cultures that the world has. Globe research has come up with several leadership theories that have been used in many cases. Behavior and personal attributes are the main characteristics that are looked at in a leader. In this article, six leadership dimensions in the international scene are identified. From the findings of the research, there is evidence to prove that important ways of thinking and decision making is influenced by the cultural differences that are selected for comparison by the group. Leadership that is based on charisma and value is supported and team work is the main idea behind...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Federal Rules of Evidence

...Federal Rules of Evidence Ms. Woodard’s testimony against Mr. Littlejohn indirectly incriminated the defendant in the murder crime that he was facing. The accused was on trial for the murder of a 24 year old Imette St. Guillen, who was found dumped in Brooklyn in 2006. Therefore, by kidnapping Ms. Woodward, the accused could have the same intentions. Importantly, there were no any other reasons adduced to explain the motive behind he kidnap, and the two had not met before. The accused also had hand cuffs, a gun, boots, and a jacket, all which point to a police officer, an image he used to dupe the victim. The two police handcuffs and the gun were illegally in the accused hands; here was no other explanation behind such possession...
4 Pages(1000 words)Article


Perhaps one of the most common logical fallacies that is exhibited is with regards to the inherent belief that correlation is somehow linked to causality. Merely because two distinct sets of variables are somewhat comparable does not have an impact with regards to the fact that there is a distinct and similar cause between what promoted the correlation in the first place. The ultimate logical fallacy that is implied has to do with the fact that correlation between two sets of variables, or to occurrences, does not actually have an impact with regards to the primary cause that motivated these variables or occurrences in the first place. Whereas it is oftentimes true that a certain level of correlation relates to a similar cause, th...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

The Willowbrook Hepatitis Study- subject (Technological of educational research)

...The Willowbrook Hepatitis Study- The Willowbrook Hepatitis Study- Effect on current research? The study has positively contributed in the current research as researchers have been forced to consider ethics in their works or studies. This is because the victims of the study were not told about the research nor were they asked for their consent. The result led to an outcry of the public and various bodies concerned leading to the formation of laws and policies which were aimed at eliminating all unethical practices in the medical field (Freedman, 2001). How do the studys ethical problems affect researchers now? The study’s ethical problem affects most researchers because they are forced to work within the boundaries what is ethical. It has...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Evidence-Based Practices: A Critical Evaluation

...Article 1- Angela Hudson Hudson’s work is more detailed and comprehensive probably because she is a probation officer and is well versed with concepts that touch on EBP. The author gives a detailed description of what EBP is so as the reader gets an overview of the theme. The principles of EBP are well described and detailed examples provided which explains the author’s familiarity with the theme. The detailed charts and pictures lead to an in-depth understanding of the concepts discussed. This work is far much better than the one discussed earlier due to the details and statistics provided. Article 2- Mia Banks Banks gives a detailed description of what evidence based practice relates to as an effective treatment practices...
1 Pages(250 words)Article


...Research Research The paper presents a literature review on two articles. The articles include Health behaviors and healthstatus of at-risk Latino students with diabetes by Hurtado-Ortiz, Santos, & Reynosa (2011) and Effects of workplace incivility and empowerment on newly graduated nurses organizational commitment by Smith, Andrusyszyn, & Laschinger (2010). In achieving this, I will review the literature on two articles, answer the listed questions, and provide a summary for each question comparing the literature reviews in the two articles. Notably, the literature review in the article, Health behaviors and health status of at-risk Latino students with diabetes by Hurtado-Ortiz, Santos, & Reynosa (2011) depicts a logical organization...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Does Board Gender Diversity Have a Financial Impact Evidence Using Stock Portfolio Performance

...Board Gender Diversity Evidence Using Stock Portfolio Performance al Affiliation) Board Gender Diversity Evidence Using Stock Portfolio Performance Introduction Capital market managers have started to invent board gender quotas, and others are practicing more on disclosure requirements to firms in respect to diversity of the gender profiles. The board diversity is not entirely an economic issue but may feature to other social factors (Adams & Ferreira, 2009). Is board gender diversity associated with the stock returns of the firm? Researches show that, the growing board gender diversity links with improved financial performance and better workforce participation. It positively impacts the economy at all levels (AICD, 2012). Market...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article


... to adhere to prescribed treatment for high blood pressure, create and test the effectiveness of a local support group in promoting commitment and therefore control of blood pressure among these women and create culturally sensitive health education material on hypertension and its management. It is noted that awareness needs to be created on hypertension on African American women and should be free of charge. The content based from this research should be definition of hypertension, common medication and side effects, how to handle medication side effects, dietary recommendations and foods to avoid, suitable type of physical activity, and stress reduction approaches. Effects of the study From the findings, it can be established...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article

Evidence Based Practice

...Evidence Based Practice: A Critique and Evaluation of an Article Evidence Based Practice This assignment is about the critique and evaluation of the Evidence-Based Guidelines for Preventing; Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia bundled strategies by OKeefe-McCarthy, S., Santiago, C., & Lau, G. (2008) and its findings. Some of the issues are discussed under the subheadings below: Participants involved in the research The research study comprised of the following as the participants; the host (patients), the health practitioners (nurses, physicians, therapists and others), researchers, the nursing organizations and research bodies like Center for Disease Control. Learning institutions involved directly or indirectly included; Florida Southern...
3 Pages(750 words)Article

Nursing Informatics- evidence-based practice and technology

Health Information Technology Efficiency Concern in Emergency Rooms Emergency rooms are set to handle many cases especially when major accidents occur. One of the major practice concerns is to create an efficient flow of patients to make sure confusion is kept at minimal levels (Baker, Shupe, Smith, & McGowan, 2013). An inefficient flow interferes with the ability of medical practitioners to administer quality clinical services because of time and too much chaos. Optimizing the flow of patients in and out of the emergency room is significant because it affects the ability of medical professionals to deliver in the emergency room.
Use of Health Information Technology
Health information technology has made it possible for me...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Basing Nursing Practice on Evidence

...Basing Nursing Practice on Evidence Basing Nursing Practice on Evidence EBP (Evidence-based Practice) is the simulation of medical expertise, patient principles, and the finest research proof in decision-making for caregiving procedures. In 1996, Dr. David Sackett described EBP as the conscious, direct, and judicious application of the best existing roof in settling on caregiving factors and processes concerning an individual patient (Agency for Healthcare and Research Quality, 2009). This definition meant simulating individual medical expertise with the finest accessible external medical proof from scientific findings. However, today, medical expertise is treated as the practitioner’s cumulated knowledge, insight, and medical skills...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Quantitative and Qualitative Research Study

Quantitative and Qualitative Research Study Affiliation Quantitative and Qualitative Research Study a. Selection of materials fromlibrary and Google
From library
Anthony, P. Nunes & Maureen G. Phipps. Postpartum Depression in Adolescent and Adult Mothers: Comparing Prenatal Risk Factors and Predictive Models .
2. a. Type of information in Quantitative study
In this research study, the quantitative research method is used to measure the problem of pain management by technique of producing numerical data or statistics that can be transmuted into operational info. This method is used to measure attitudes, thoughts, actions, and additional distinct variables. The method should also and take a broad view of the results f...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

The Impact of Web Based Cancer Information on Patient Outcomes

... vigorously pursued in the recent past and research and analysis show that it has had a deep and permanent effect on the practice of modern medicine. The growth of evidence based practice, immaculate record keeping and vigorous follow-ups after treatment have improved the administration of healthcare protocols and yielded better results in patients. Increased use of patient interactive software has allowed the physicians to identify and know their patients in a better manner and this has resulted in ensuring better patient compliance. The overall effects have been positive in nature and the level of satisfaction has increased for both the patient as well as the healthcare professional. Examples of success of ICT Tools Example 1 In one...
12 Pages(3000 words)Article

Facebook Friendships Based on Assumptions by Tom Jacobs

....1). The abstract had been clear in presenting the objectives, results and conclusions of the study but the methods had not been indicated. This is important since the study made use of the development associated with the social network Facebook in achieving responses for surveying the views of the sample population. Thus, including the said method can give the reader a better preview on the paper. Based on the standard guidelines in writing a journal article, an abstract contains 450 words with three sections namely the significance of the research, methods and data presentation, and the results (Clare and Hamilton, 2003, p.31). It is the concise representation of the contents of the whole article (p.6). The Background Information...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

The Future of Qualitative Research

...Summary The article is about the future of qualitative research. According to the article qualitative research refers to an interdisciplinary, trans disciplinary and sometimes counter disciplinary field. Qualitative research cross-cuts humanities, social sciences as well as physical sciences. Qualitative research entails many aspects at the same time. Qualitative research has two tensions at the same time. Qualitative research is drawn in a broad, postmodern, feminist, interpretive and critical sensibility. Conversely, it can be drawn to a narrowly defined positivist, post positivist, naturalistic and humanistic conceptions of human experiences and analysis. There is a challenge of coping with the present. Salient features of critique...
2 Pages(500 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Book Report/Review on topic Evidence Based Research Article for FREE!

Contact Us