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Sigmund Freud - Essay Example

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The Big Five personality traits have been discovered through empirical research. They are the product of the studies done by T.A. Widger, P.T. Costa Jr., and R.R. McCrae (1986). Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience represent the big five factors…
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Download file to see previous pages To apply The Big Five personality traits to just Freud's professional persona would be to do him and the assessment a great injustice. This author intends to evaluate Sigmund Freud's personality based correspondence he kept with his most intimate companions, and his reactions to different conflicts.
Neuroticism involves characteristics of anxiousness, anger-hostility, depressiveness, self-consciousness, impulsiveness and vulnerability. People who score extremely high on Neuroticism tests are extremely nervous hypersensitive; easily angered, continually depressed, easily embarrassed, extremely impulsive and easily overwhelmed by stress. Those who score very low for Neuroticism lack an appropriate amount of anxiety, are unable to express anger, unable to appreciate losses, indifferent to the opinions of others, restrained or restricted, and dull to danger. Extraversion is characterized by: warmth, gregariousness, assertiveness, activity, excitement-seeking, and positive emotions. Often people who score high as extraverts on personality exams are inappropriately affectionate, unable to tolerate being alone, domineering, pushy, driven; frantic; distractible reckless, careless, giddy; and they lose control of their emotions. Those who score low can't develop intimate relations; they are socially isolated, resigned, ineffective, sedentary and passive, dull, monotonous, solemn, and unable to enjoy things. People who have aspects of neuroticism in their personality tend to have traits of extraversion as well.
Those characterized with a significant openness to experience fantasize a lot; they are idealistic and often very emotional. These people are preoccupied with their daydreams, obsessed with unusual interests, governed by strong emotions, unpredictable; they are preoccupied by strange ideas and lack a guiding belief system. Those who have a low factor of this trait tend to have very sterile imaginations, don't appreciate culture or art, and they rarely have strong feelings about anything. Individuals with a detrimental lack of openness to experience avoid change, stick to routine, and are dogmatic and closed minded. Agreeableness is a factor synonymous with trust, straightforwardness, altruism, compliance, modesty and tender-mindedness. People with a high factor of agreeableness are very gullible, self-disclosing, and they are often victimized. These people have a high inclination towards being submissive. People with this as a predominant factor in their personality often say things like: I feel others' emotions, I make people feel at ease, and I take time out for others. This type of behavior is one that is very vulnerable to be exploited.
Finally, conscientiousness involves competence, order, dutifulness, achievement striving, self-discipline, and deliberation. People with this trait are overly perfectionist, preoccupied with rules, workaholics and they have a single-minded pursuit of goals. All of the Big Five personality traits offer a spectrum for perfect analytical insight into one's character. In the case of Sigmund Freud, after a full assessment of his social behavior, it can be argued that both many aspects of Neuroticism and that of Extraversion are prevalently dominant in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Sigmund Freud

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