Self-Representation of Native Americans - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
On the North American continent, relations between indigenous populations and European settlers have been rocky and tumultuous at the best of times. Much of that tumult is invariably due to the logic of domination and oppression imposed by European colonization played out through strategies of annihilation and then secondarily forced relocation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
Self-Representation of Native Americans
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Self-Representation of Native Americans"

Download file to see previous pages Current conceptions and representations of Native American culture sometimes suppose they are lazy, casino owning alcoholics who ignorantly refuse to assimilate into modern society. One artist of the 19th century attempted to re-categorize the representations of Native Americans, George Caitlin. In his works, one sees an obvious and intentional desire to portray Native Americans as noble and civilized, some works going as far as to suggest that it is European civilization that is the problem as it is a corrupting and destructive influence on the indigenous populations of the Americas.
Self-representation of oppressed and minority populations has proven an effective way to create a voice in the public discourse and to question the validity of particular suppositions which underlie the dominant paradigms of understanding. Unfortunately, there has been limited access to Native American self-representations in the public space until very recently. An exhibition of a rare sketchbook, A Kiowa's Odyssey, is traveling around the country showing the drawings of an autodidact, Etahdleuh Doanmoe, whose sketches depict the capture and relocation of 72 Comanche, Kiowa, Cheyenne and members of other tribes from Fort Sill, Oklahoma to St. Augustine, Florida. Though these Doanmoe sketches lack the formal compositional techniques of Caitlin's oeuvre the contrast between representation and self-representation of Native American populations is well manifested in the juxtaposition of these two bodies of work. This paper will focus on the context and intention as embodied by and through the sketches and paintings.
The drawings that appear in the Sketchbook of Doanmoe were originally collected by Lieutenant Richard Henry Pratt, a strong advocate of Indian assimilation and the founder of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania.1 Pratt believed that the Indians needed to reject their primitive ways and become educated in Western language, manners, and religion. To this end after capturing Doanmoe and some 70 other Native Americans he marched them 1,000 miles from Fort Sill in Oklahoma to Fort Marion where they received "training" for three years. The sketchbook catalogued the events that took place there, and their titles once assembled were type-written on the top by Pratt himself.2 One feature of the sketches that is immediately noticeable is the unusual perspective that Doanmoe utilizes, namely a rather panoramic perspective as illustrated in his Prisoners Entering Fort Sill.3 This perspective intimates a fundamental disconnect with the subject matter.
This fundament disconnection lies in stark contrast to many of the paintings of George Caitlin. Caitlin painted over 35 portraits of tribal chiefs and most of them such as Shonkakihega, Horse Chief, Grand Pawnee Head Chief 4have a very close and intensely intimate impression, with the subject dominating a rather contrived background that only serves to highlight and foreground the features of the subject as the colors in the background seem only chosen to compliment the various colors used for the subject. Caitlin was determined to attach a sense of nobility and austerity to the indigenous subjects of his works. This distinction in perspective reveals something about the relative positions of the two artists ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Self-Representation of Native Americans Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Self-Representation of Native Americans Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Self-Representation of Native Americans Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Self-Representation of Native Americans Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Self-Representation of Native Americans Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Self-Representation of Native Americans

Cheyenne Native Americans

...Cheyenne Native Americans The Cheyenne and other Red Indian tribes were the first occupants of America long before the arrival of white European settlers in the 16th century. Hence, they are referred to as Native Americans. They form a significant plains tribe and belong to the Algonquian Indian family. The Cheyenne comprise of two tribes i.e. the Tsétsêhéstâhese and the Só'taeo'o. Members of the Algonquian family had a common territory (present day Saskatchewan province) and language. However in the mid 16th century, they began their southwestward migration in pursuit of buffaloes and game. However prior to this, the Cheyenne resided alongside the Missouri river in...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Native Americans culture vs. Latin Americans culture

...Native Americans culture vs. Latin Americans culture The aggregate of political, economical, territorial, legal, ideological and cultural relationship between nations, national groups and peoples appear in different forms of social-economical formations. Every culture reflects only the part of experience that was gained by people. Meeting people from different cultures one should know about the cultural peculiarities. Nowadays at the time of unification of different spheres of life, the ethnical characteristics did not lose their positions. Speaking about the stereotypes of behavior of some ethnical groups and making some general conclusions, there is a danger of one-sided approach. It...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Addiction and Native Americans

...Addiction and Native Americans Introduction The rate of alcoholism and addiction is higher in the Native American population when compared with the general population. Consequently, many deaths have been attributed to alcohol and drug use among Native Americans. This paper shall discuss alcoholism and drug-use among Native Americans, the statistics, the possible causes, and interventions for this problem. Discussion A 2008 Associated Press report claims that about 12 percent Native American and Alaska Native deaths are alcohol-related. This figure...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Native Americans' music

...Native Music of Washington “We are told by our grandfathers and grandmothers that for as long as there are Indians there will be songs, and as long as there is song there will be Indians. As long as we sing our songs and someone learns them, there will be new Indian people, for song is our survival tool as a people.” (Cliff Sijohn, Spokane and Coeur d’Alene tribes, p. 48). Song has always held great spiritual significance, great power and today it tells us about their unique perspective towards other people, nature, future and such things. A song today is considered a prayer. The song text in Native American music is inclusive of both public and secret pieces. The secret song pieces ...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Exploiting the Native Americans

...Why and how did the move West disrupt the lives of Native Americans? In what ways did the settlers exploit Native Americans? Despite notable successes with of colonization in the 1600s, colonists of the West had to go through several stages of inconvenient dealings with the American Indians given the fact that the conquest of America back then was not merely the pursuit of a single powerful nation. Besides the English, the French and the Dutch shared a common goal of establishing colonies in the land primarily inhabited by indigenous people whose way of living significantly differed from the lifestyle and economy of the people of Europe. To learn the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Native Americans and US

...Native Americans and US In the year 1613, a free sailor working for a Dutch fur trading company was allowed to live and trade among the Native Americans in Manhattan. In 1619, the first 20 blacks, from the Dutch slave traders were bought as workers in the English northern American colony (Hakim, 2002). Bringing of blacks into America became the first step in creating a relationship between the blacks and the Native Americans. Like the African Americans, the American natives were black. When...
1 Pages(250 words)Term Paper

Native Americans in Texas

...NATIVE AMERICANS IN TEXAS Introduction Native Americans in Texas are largely comprised of diverse Indian communities. They established themselves in semi-permanent and permanent settlements, depending on the fending approaches used. The natives mainly comprised of hunters, fishermen and gatherers and therefore, lived in family and tribal groups with common practices, though they mixed up with different communities across different centuries.1 These tribal mixtures involved both Indian communities, as well as, immigrants such as the Europeans. The primitive ancestors are believed to have occupied Texas over thirty five thousand years ago. It is believed...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Native Americans

...4th September Native Americans Native American religions have persisted in history, though through interactions with other religions and cultures, which have influenced the ancient beliefs, and are reflective of trends in beliefs by other immigrant groups into the America. This paper explains the role of evolution of Native American religions as a microcosm of other religious adaptations through compatibility, commonality in diversity, and common religious goals across religions. One of the ways in which the Native American religions are representative of other immigrant groups’ adaptation is the...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Many Nations Native Americans

...Opposition from Eviction The Cherokees are important people not only because they are part of the human race but also are natives of Georgia in United States. The removal of the Cherokees from their ancestral lands by the United States government has elicited sharp reactions from different quarters. There is controversy and suspicion in the manner in which they were forced out of their ancestral land. Their sovereignty was categorically provided under the ruling by the court in 1832 (Worcester v Georgia) but this was not effected by the government. The government has been adamant in protecting this community and their land. There is a group of Cherokee people that want to stay in their homelands spearheaded by Principal...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Native Americans In Kentucky

...Introduction Before European immigrants settled in the United s, Native Americans occupied the land; for example, what is now the of Kentucky. These native tribes were forcibly removed from their homeland to pave way for the new immigrants, a situation that led to the destabilization of the indigenous peoples’ way of life, which in turn resulted in long lasting effects that forever changed them as a people. Currently, there are no federally recognized Native American tribes in Kentucky; however, the government formed a commission in 1996 that sought to recognize and promote Native Americans’ contributions to history and culture. This essay seeks to highlight Native Americans’ way of life before European immigrants displaced them... from...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Self-Representation of Native Americans for FREE!

Contact Us