StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Obesity in Children - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Effective long-term treatment options for obese children are currently limited, but critics suggest that the primary goal of managing uncomplicated childhood obesity should be healthy eating and physical activity, not achievement of ideal body weight. Data are sparse for trends in overweight/obesity in children, but in the USA there has been a significant increase from 4% in 6-11-year-old boys and girls in 1990s to 11% in boys and 10% in girls in 2000…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.4% of users find it useful
Obesity in Children
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Obesity in Children"

Download file to see previous pages An increase in body mass index (BMI) and percentage ideal body weight are good predictors of morbidity, some researchers suggest that visceral obesity represents a variant that is more closely related to excess morbidity. Daniels states that obesity-problems and diseases "once thought applicable only to adults are now being seen in children and with increasing frequency. Examples include high blood pressure, early symptoms of hardening of the arteries, type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovary disorder, and disordered breathing during sleep" (Daniels 2006, 47). Following Wadden and Stunkard (9) blood volume is increased in obesity in proportion to the increased body mass. Because blood volume increases with obesity proportionally more than does cardiac output, even simple obesity is a volume expanded state. Even in simple obesity, cardiac stroke volume and pulse rate are increased in line with the hypervolaemic conditions mentioned above. Obese patients with co-morbidities have cardiac dilation and hypertrophy demonstrable by echocardiography (Hills 82). ECG diagnosis of hypertrophy is more problematic because of the effect of thickening of the chest wall. Some studies suggest left ventricular mass index is proportional to BMI, others that it is more closely related to percentage of body weight over ideal weight. However, as the strain on the heart persists both impaired systolic function and diastolic function typically develop (Glanz and Sallis 2006). Obesity can impact on lung function, with excess central fat deposition producing a restrictive pulmonary abnormality and increased work of breathing. As a result, respiratory complaints are common in subjects with obesity and conditions such as asthma are often overdiagnosed in obese patients. Obesity is also linked to breathing disorders during sleep, such as sleep apnoea and nocturnal hypoventilation (Wadden and Stunkard 92).
Fast food, unhealthy behavior patterns and lack of physical activity lead to increased obesity in children. As the most important, "the industry markets heavily to children with the goal of fostering a fast-food habit that will persist into adulthood" (Murphy, 2000). As with adults, it is critical that children who are overweight or obese at minimum achieve the recommendations of physical activity for health for their age. Two consensus conferences held during the last decade have addressed the activity needs of young people. Achieving standard recommendations has been even more difficult with children than with adults (Hulls 43). The main problem is that children can show deterioration in their health due to low activity levels, because there has been insufficient time, and therefore there are no strong epidemiological endpoints on which to establish relationships (Daniels 2006). As well as reinforcing physical activity behaviors, reducing access to sedentary life style can increase activity levels in obese children. There is a close link between sedentary living (such as the amount of time spent watching television) and obesity, than physically active pursuits and obesity (Karen et al 2005).
Helping children make permanent, healthy changes to their eating ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Obesity in Children Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Obesity in Children Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531374-obesity-in-children
(Obesity in Children Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Obesity in Children Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531374-obesity-in-children.
“Obesity in Children Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531374-obesity-in-children.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Obesity in Children

Obesity in Children

...Problem Solution Essay Obesity in Children When I look around, it is saddening to see most shapes being round. The cause of apprehension is that the shapes refer to people and not to objects. It must be all the more worrying when those people are under the age of fifteen, all of them apparently the members of the gluttonous Augustus Gloop (of ‘Charlie and the Chocolate Factory’) tribe. Chubbiness in children may be synonymous with cuteness but certainly it cannot be equated with good health. Today we are living in a world where fitness is the buzzword and yoga trainers earn more than software engineers. By health, we do not just mean the absence of disease. It is a comprehensive term that encompasses physical, mental, social...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

OBESITY IN CHILDREN

...alarming over the years and hence, has drawn the attention of many researchers and scholars who feel that it can be the reason for an alarming situation in the years to come. They fear that a very high number of the population in the next generation would be victims of obesity-induced diseases such as coronary heart problems, cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure. Furthermore, the obese children find difficulty in leading a normal childhood because their weight and body structure make it difficult for them to carry out normal activities done by the children. This study explores the subject of obesity in children in the United...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Obesity in Children: A Plan of Action

...the problem of obesity. Obesity in Children: A Plan of Action Introduction Obesity can be defined as having excess fat in the body. Obesity takes place when an individual eats up more calories than one’s body can burn. However, it is different from being overweight. This is in the sense that being a person who is overweight weighs too much while an obese individual has too much fat. More than 16% of the children in the United States are considered obese (Friis and Sellers, 2009). Since children grow at rates that are different, it is sometimes difficult to tell whether a child is...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Growth Development and Obesity in Children

...Child obesity Child obesity has been one of the most serious social problems facing the current world. It is a serious and chronic problem which has serious consequences for individuals and society at large; it is associated with many risk factors that are related to heart diseases and elevated insulin levels (Bateson, 2005). Obesity in children occurs as a result of many factors, including genetic factors and environmental factors. The common environmental factors include insufficient expenditure of calorie through exercising, fast food diet, excessive snacking and family behaviors. It is clear that, children not only consume a lot of snacks but also fail to do the necessary exercise. They probably spend their free time watching...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Obesity in children-long term effects

... s Long-term effects of Childhood Obesity Obesity is a condition characterized by increased body fat in an individual, which is largely due to the presence of high calories and fats that has turned into a widespread overweight epidemic that has affected both adults and children. (Kiess, et.al. 2004) Obesity in children has now become a major health risk and according to recent researches, childhood obesity has tripled in the last three decades. Childhood obesity has both immediate and long-term effects that prevents them from having an active lifestyle and adds to their medical expenses. As mentioned earlier, the effects of obesity are dichotomized into “immediate” and “Long-term” effects therefore, the prime focus of this prose...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Obesity in children

...My of the of the school The prevalence of obesity and overweight in children is increasing at a steady rate. Obesity is the fifth leading risk factor for deaths all over the world. Its prevalence is increasing at different rates and in different patterns in both developing and developed countries. The definitions of childhood obesity and overweight vary across the world. BMI is the most commonly used method of assessing obesity. Other methods such as MRI and DEXA are also used for direct measurement of body composition in order to estimate total fat. Anthropometric measures of body fat are also employed. Obesity and overweight increase the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes in addition to psychological...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Obesity in Children

... Abstract Childhood obesity has emerged as a major issue that is swallowing the well-being of the majority of the children of the present epoch. It has taken the shape of an epidemic in the United States. Reports state that 16.3% of children belonging to the age group of 2-19 years are obese. Obesity shatters the self-esteem of the child and inculcates depression. Essentially, measures must be promoted to prevent the situation by adopting healthy lifestyle instead of developing eating disorder and being depressed. The number of cases in past three decades has raised three folds. It is unfortunate that the rate of incidence of obesity is reported to be exceptionally high for the minor population i.e. the population belonging to the age...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

The State and the Impact That Homelessness Has on Children in Miami-Dade

Miami-Dade County has the highest homeless rate in the State of Florida. It ranks first in ‘families living in poverty’ among 25 major US cities (JLM, n.d.). Poverty and high rate of rentals have been considered the two main causes of homelessness. As much as 83% of people experience homelessness for a short period and usually require assistance in finding housing or rent subsidy. About 17% of the people in Miami-Dade are homeless for longer periods and require permanent supportive housing. The total number of homeless persons on the street in January 2006 was 4709 (Camillus.org). Fluctuations in the homeless count can occur depending upon the weather, time of the year and the methodology.

Florida accounts f...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Americas Newest Epidemic: Obesity

A multi-pronged approach is recommended to tackle the obesity epidemic, involving members of the community, the Government as well as the corporate sector who need to work together in collaboration in order to bring about an effective resolution to this problem.

The incidence of obesity among children and in the United States is on the rise, with approximately 15.3% of children between the ages of 6 to 11 and 15.5% of adolescents between the ages of 12 to 19 being found to be overweight in 2000 (www.overweightteen.com). In addition, 15% of children and 14.9% of adolescents were found to be at risk for obesity. The Surgeon General’s report which was published in 2001, brought the alarming nature of this health prob...
20 Pages(5000 words)Research Proposal

Anti-Obesity Drug

This mechanism of action prevents absorption of 30% fat contained in the diet ingested. By affecting the total energy consumption, Orlistat brings about considerable weight loss In the process, the drug is not absorbed into the system. (Xenical.com)
The structural formula of orlistat [(S)-2-formal amino-4-methyl-pentanoic acid (S)-1-[[(2S, 3S)-3-hexyl-4-oxo-2-oxetanyl]methyl]-dodecyl ester] is shown in Figure 1. The drug's chemical formula is C29H53NO5. It is a diastereomeric molecule with four chiral centers and a molecular weight of 495.7.”( Pharmacotherapy 20(3):270-279, 2000. © 2000 Pharmacotherapy Publications)
Orlistat’s other name is “tetrahydrolipstatin”, a chemically synthesized deri...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Proposal

Children and Young People's Reflections on an Education

The reforms have to be brought from the top side of a nation, whereby the government needs to take bold steps to promote it no matter how hard it is on their budgets. Similarly, child development is a very significant aspect in the times of today. There is immense importance which is given to this subject. (Nespor, 1997) The basis is backed up with sufficient data and research which goes a long in establishing the fact that child development indeed owes a lot of attributes on the part of the people who are related to the child – the parents and/or its guardians. The aspects of love and training at the same time holds true for their balance bringing up the regime and this without a shadow of a doubt is a significant thing to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Law on Physical Punishment of Children Fails to give Sufficient Respect to Childrens Rights

Under the English criminal law, several past and current legislations were made in order to protect the children from corporal punishment or becoming a victim of physical abuse. Despite our effort to prevent parents from using physical force in disciplining their children, the British Government remains unconvinced that the law which protects the children from physical punishment is sufficient (Keating, 2008). Physical punishment such as ‘smacking’, ‘slapping’, ‘kicking’, or ‘spanking’ is referring to the act of causing a degree of pain or discomfort to the child. (Niland, 2009, p. 6) With regard to the legal issues behind child protection against physical abuse, this study aims to d...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Malnutrition: A Long Standing Problem among Children

Poverty majorly affects young children and it makes infants very prone to being malnourished. In Africa the situation is probably the worst when compared with any other continent, poverty has completely overshadowed the development of the people there and several young children die because of malnourishment. People who cannot afford even one square meal a day are the ones who are predominantly affected by malnourishment.

 Nutrition is pivotal for growth and progression of normal life and also a disease-free life. It is imperative for everybody and much more important in the case of children and infants because they are in their maximum growth stage. Malnutrition at this stage can have serious repercussions for the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Evaluation of Children with Visual Impairment between Ages 4-12

A visually impaired child may suffer from incomplete sight, reduced vision, total blindness as well as legal sightlessness (Kelley and Gale p 45). It is a condition that may become severe in a child, thereby affecting its growth and development. The impact is usually dependent on the kind of loss, age at which it occurs, as well as the general body functioning of the child. The normal interest that is usually evident amongst children on seeing attractive items in their surroundings lacks in a visually impaired child. This may interfere with the child’s learning capabilities unless he/she is assisted to learn. The development of social behavior in children usually depends on the ability to see parents or those in charge of ca...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Issue of Childhood Obesity

One of the challenges for children who are obese is society's stereotypes around obesity. This can cause children to be teased by their peers which can be damaging to them in the long run.

Hoffman and Rose (2005) found that in the year 2004, consumers spent $46 million on diet products and self-help books (p.1). This does not include children necessarily but it is a statistic that is staggering when it has been shown that most people will gain their weight back. Every year, people spend money on diets, supplements to lose weight, bariatric surgeries and other ways to lose weight. The media plays a large role in making people think that they must be a certain size of thin and although society has been given other reasons...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Autism in Children: Symptoms, Characteristics, and Intervention

Studies have been conducted from all over the country and most used cross-sectional methodology and epidemiological investigations of autism have all been concerned with the prevalence estimation of autism (Fombonne: 2003). Autism was first identified and termed as early infantile autism by a psychiatrist at John Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore named Leo Kanner and for at least 30 years, the disorder was referred to as an emotional disturbance. Not until American Psychiatric Association (APA), coined autism as a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction manifested by atypical and repetitive behaviors (Turnbull, et. al. pp-330: 1995).

Autism is under the Perv...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Assessments of Homeschooled Children

The decentralized form of the homeschooling populace limits the ability of researchers to outline conclusions on the precise effect of homeschooling on diverse outcome measures like an academic achievement (Ray). Nevertheless, assessments of homeschooled children have claimed that these students do well in that educational environment. In addition, a survey of homeschooled adults implies that homeschooling ushers in positive outcomes such as improved college enrollment and attendance.
Historically, homeschooling has been a key means for parents to offer education to their children. Most of the Founding Fathers of America went through this form of education, including Thomas Jefferson and George Washington (Coulson 120). With...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Reducing Obesity in Children

... Lecturer: Topic: Reducing obesity in children in the community In 2006, it was estimated that out every five kids that are in America, one is considered to be obese where obesity is considered to be twenty percent or more overweight and is perceived to be a disease since it has an association with many health problems such as heart disease and diabetes (Sothern, Gordon and Von-Almen 95). Obesity that begins in children develops all through their lives and they people that are affected become obese as adults. There are various causes off obesity including technology, the decline in supervision after the children leave school, and the diets that the children get in school that are not nutritious. In the previous years, children engaged t...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Proposal

Analysis of Obesity in Children

... out what obesity is in America, actors that prevent obesity, measures of preventing it, and counter measures in case the measures do not work. He also goes a mile forward and gives some new approaches to combat obesity. Among the new discoveries include the discovery of leptin and the leptin receptor as well as the new genetic discovery that strives to explain why some individuals are prone to obesity and not others. Richard Collins a renowned nutritionist along with Rosemary Santon who is a prominent exercise scientist strives to answer common questions that entail weight problems and obesity in children. Through that, they elucidate some facts about health activities, good eating habits, and accumulation of body fats while at the same...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Obesity in Children for FREE!

Contact Us