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Primary research - Book Report/Review Example

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Summary
Conducting research on the basis of certain hypotheses and analyzing the data from the samples collected to arrive at inferences which prove or disprove the hypotheses, offer authentic empirical evidence and have the potential to suggest solutions to a given set of problems…
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Primary research Book Report/Review
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Extract of sample "Primary research"

Download file to see previous pages A good example is the article by Arlin James Benjamin Jr. titled "The influence of Locus of Control and Aggressiveness of Rock Music Videos on Aggression: A Reanalysis and Methodological Critique of Wann and Wilson (1996)", published in the Journal of Social Behavior and Personality. This essay shall very briefly consider this article, and attempt to understand the following aspects in its content: a) the question(s) that this research has tried to answer or its hypotheses; b) the methods used by the researchers to test their idea(s) or find the
The research hypotheses of this article is that, Wan and Wilson's (1996 cited in the source, 493) study and their conclusion on the subject of 'the influence of 'Locus of Control' and Aggressiveness of Rock Music Videos on Aggression' is "questionable", given the "small sample" (Source, 493) the study entailed. By altering the sample size, or increasing the number of samples, "significant findings could be obtained" (Source, 493). The second hypotheses is that, some of the dependant and independent values stated in the fact statement, have been accepted without ascertaining the accuracy of their relationship. By skeptically questioning the relationship of the published data, hitherto "ignored" or "potential data analytic errors" may be uncovered (Source, 493).
Data from t
Data from the primary research is recalculated using the DSTAT software (Johnson 1989, cited in Source, 493), "based on the means and standard deviations" provided in the original research. Additionally, assuming equality of cell sizes, the ANOVA effect sizes were also computed in the secondary research (Source, 493-4).
The major finding of the research is that there is a "strong relationship between the locus of control and change in aggression score," and stronger or weaker aggression varied according to the type of 'locus of control' that the control-group of the individual (Source, 494). This suggested that larger sampling may indeed alter the interaction pattern.
The conclusion arrived at by afore mentioned secondary analysis is that, the current findings are 'inconsistent' with the hypothesis of Wann and Wilson (1996) though it is found to be consistent with some previous research (source, 495). Furthermore, article concludes that the hypotheses assumed by the researcher is found to be consistent (Source 495) and the reanalysis and has helped in uncovering analytic errors.
Conclusion
The research article by Benjamin Jr. (1999) questions the accuracy of the research conducted by Wann and Wilson (1996) on the grounds that the latter research consisted of very small sampling to produce precise findings. By recalculating the sample data using DSTAT software and changing ANOVA effect sizes, the researcher has concluded that the findings of this secondary research support the hypotheses. Such activity, it is hoped, shall result in improving the inferring and interpretative skills of the student and aid in future research.
Source: Arlin James Benjamin Jr. "The influence of Locus of Control and Aggressiveness of Rock Music Videos on Aggression: A Reanalysis and Methodological Critique of Wann and Wilso ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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