Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

The spread of English and the rise of new Englishes - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
It is estimated that there are over 300 million native speakers and over 300 million users of English as a second language. Apart from this there are a further 100 million users, who use it as a foreign language. So what attracts so many people to this language A very popular language the world over, English is the most common medium of communication in the world of business, and commerce…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.7% of users find it useful
The spread of English and the rise of new Englishes
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The spread of English and the rise of new Englishes"

Download file to see previous pages While on the study of English, introspection on how English came into being can be elucidated here. The following figure throws light on the various cultures and sects that contributed to the development of English as we see today.
The history of English is divided into three periods since its existence way back some 1000 BCE. Though it is difficult to establish the correct year, researchers have unanimously concluded that the three periods are referred to as Old English (or Anglo-Saxon), Middle English, and Modern English. The graph above shows that the earliest period is marked with the migration of certain Germanic tribes from the continent to Britain in the fifth century A.D., though no records of their language survive from before the seventh century, and continued till the end of the eleventh century or a bit later. Before the end of the eleventh century, Britain was also being influenced by Latin. Old Norse (the language of the Viking invaders), and Anglo-Norman French of the dominant class after the Norman Conquest in 1066, had a substantial impact on the lexicon, and the well-developed inflectional system that typified that the grammar of Old English had begun to break down (Merriam-Webster, 2007)2.
We have see
2.0 Executive Summary
We have seen that English is now a popular language spoken by natives of almost all nations around the globe. But, does English actually qualify to be the global language A headline in 'Globe and Mail' published in Toronto in 1997 read, "English is the global language". Though not much of ado, headlines of similar nature have appeared in thousands of newspapers and magazines across the globe in recent years. 'English Rules', a headline with a difference, showcases the popularity and strength of English in a world of uncanny universality of the language's spread and continuation.
So what does it mean to say that a language is a global language Or why is English the language, usually cited in this connection If English did become the global language, will it remain omnipresent These and more questions lead researchers to question the theory, whether; English is in fact the first language of the world If English is one's mother tongue, one may have mixed feelings about the way English is spreading around the world. On the one hand, there is cause for pride, that English language has become ever so successful, but on the other, there could be consternation that the same language that was inherent as English, is being influenced by others, who borrow words from languages other than English to suit themselves (David Crystal, 2003, English as a Global Language)3.
A lot of countries have their own native language or 'mother tongue', as it is popularly referred to as. If this is the case, which is true, how does English qualify to be declared the official global language There are two possibilities; one, English ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The spread of English and the rise of new Englishes Essay”, n.d.)
The spread of English and the rise of new Englishes Essay. Retrieved from
(The Spread of English and the Rise of New Englishes Essay)
The Spread of English and the Rise of New Englishes Essay.
“The Spread of English and the Rise of New Englishes Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The spread of English and the rise of new Englishes

Intelligibility in World Englishes: Theory and Application

...? Book Review: “Intelligibility in World Englishes: Theory and Application” Review by: Ahmed Alzahrani ENGL 754/854: World Englishes in Composition &Applied Linguistics Dr. Gloria Park October 30, 2012 “Intelligibility in World Englishes: Theory and Application” Nelson, C. L. (2011). Intelligibility in World Englishes: Theory and Application. New York: Taylor & Francis. Pp. xiii + 149 The theoretical framework that provided the impetus for Cecil L. Nelson to write the book was premised on the evolution of concepts pertaining to the world Englishes paradigm. The pioneering works written by Kachru and Smith (1985) and Bolton (n.d.) have explicitly qualified pluralizing English, to wit: “”Englishes” symbolizes the functional and formal...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Global englishes

...?Global Englishes Introduction The term “global Englishes” is used “to locate the spread and use of English within critical theories of globalization” (Pennycook, 2007, p. 5). Language can be thought of as a living organism for the fact that it comes into being, grows and expands with the passage of time, and a time comes when it dies out. This notion of language is not accepted widely. However, most people agree to the notion that language is dynamic like a society as well as the fact that when a language stops changing or evolving with time, it is dead (Baugh and Cable, 1951, p. 2). English language has been spoken for more than 1500 years. Starting with the British Isles’ invasion by the German tribes of the Jutes, the Saxons...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

English Only Movement in New York State

... that their children can acquire and rise with an American education, very much including fluency in English. Bilingual education coasted along on its perception as a virtual civil right for Hispanics. Maybe such a reputation was deserved 30 years ago, when the Puerto Rican Legal Defense Fund sued and won a consent decree requiring that New York City offer bilingual education. But as the innovation hardened into orthodoxy, and as a sort of employment niche grew for bilingual educators and bureaucrats, the idealistic veneer began to wear away. Absent major changes in federal and state accountability mandates, the recent decline in bilingual enrollments and a corresponding increase in English only enrollments may be only the beginning...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Spread of English

...Spread of English: A Triumph for America, A Threat to the Rest When the world started to consoli intoone Global Village in business, politics, education, publishing and other fields of human activity, it required a common medium of communication. The language of globalization that emerged was English, the American variety that, unlike its rather inflexible British lineage, is adaptable and quick to accommodate any new words. This elastic character of American English made it the language of choice for globalization because no other languages that have acquired some degree of international status - French, Spanish or Latin -- enables people of different nationalities to make each other understood and do business (Hageage, 1986...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Globalization Spread The Happiness

... Globalization Spreads Happiness “Globalization is a process through which events, decisions and activities in one part of the world can come to have a significant consequence for individuals and communities in quite distant parts of the globe” (Reich, p.5). Globalization is still a controversial concept or subject even though it brought prosperity and happiness in many countries. Many people refer globalization as Americanization rather than anything else. In their opinion, America and its allies are trying to loot the wealth of poor countries in the name of globalization. At the same time it should be noted that globalization has caused more problems in America than in any other countries in the form of economic crisis or recession...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Spread of disease

...Spread of disease History and political science Evolution of Theories about Germs and Infection Evolution of germs and disease can be traced back to the ancient Greek where Hippocrates a famous philosopher came up with the humoral theory as the cause of disease. Hippocrates was against the religious theory of disease that existed prior t his humoral notion since he disputed the opinion that epilepsy could be treated by appeasing the gods. Through his humoral theory, he aimed at developing a naturalistic approach to spread of infection as he attributed epilepsy to be caused by excess in one of the body fluids he postulated had to be in equilibrium for absence of disease. The humoral theory was the hub of cause of disease in the European...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Values And Attitudes Towards English As New Englishes Emerge

...Values and Attitudes towards English as New Englishes Emerge Contents Introduction 2 2. English as a Secondary Language 3 2 Belief and language 3 2.2 Values and language 4 2.3 Traditions and language 6 3. Colonialism and language acquisition 8 3.1 Forced learning 8 3.2 Cultural changes and language 9 3.3 Cultural deconstruction and learning English 10 4. Culture and language acquisition 11 4.1Phraseology 11 4.2 Ritual and framing sentence structures 12 4.3 Defining old culture through new language ideas 13 5. Conclusion 13 Bibliography 14 Values and Attitudes towards English as New Englishes Emerge 1. Introduction The English language grew from having speakers that numbered at about five to seven million to over 250 million...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Course: World Englishes/Book Review (Final Paper)

ld appreciate it if you would provide me with an extension of on or before May 15, 2013 to provide you with the proposed activities to be integrated with the book review, as
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

How did English come to New Zealand

... How did English come to New Zealand Introduction English has its origins in the Anglo-Frisian dialects (Hay and Maclagan 96) as one of the West Germanic languages. The early spread of the English language was in Britain, where the German settlers who arrived in Britain in search for resources and better farmlands. One critical aspect of substantive significance is that unlike other languages used during the same period in the different European nations, English uses vocabulary in its dialect (Macalister 102). Over the years, English language has experienced variations in the manner in which it has been used from one region to the other; in addition, it is currently referred to as the borrowing language. There are indeed various...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

The English Heritage New Model

...The English Heritage New Model Introduction The English Heritage has the purpose of helping both the local people and visitors have a remarkable experience or England’s unique heritage. If the people experience the heritage, they are more likely to appreciate it and take measures of protecting it. The English Heritage actively participates in running of 420 sites as well as monuments that define the national heritage collection. The English Heritage has developed a new model proposal in order to address some of the challenges that have emerged in the recent years. There has been a deficit in the conservation efforts of the national heritage collection. There is a risk of losing the fabric of historic assets if no measures are taken...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

The Launch of Kones New Product

Political: 90% of Kone’s sales come from international markets. This makes it very vulnerable to political stability in its global markets for example Italy is one of the markets of Kone and elevator regulations are governed in Italy by parliament. Thus, to bring MonoSpace i.e. an elevator without a machine room in compliance with standards, it would require an act by the parliament.
Economical: The performance of the elevator industry is directly proportional to the performance of the construction industry. The construction industry has a maximum potential in developing countries rather than in developed countries. The reason for this is that the developed countries have maximized their growth potential whereas the dev...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

The Rise and Fall of the Decemvirs

Within about 60 years of the founding of the Roman Republic, the city-nation was already beginning to splinter from within, held together only because of the need to unite frequently in opposition to foreign enemies. Frequent wars with their neighbors often caused the Romans to put aside their differences in order to protect their lands and uphold their treaties. However, times of peace had the plebians, or common people, frequently at odds with the patricians (upper class) over disputes regarding losses suffered because of lengthy service in Rome’s army. In the middle of the fifth century BC, the Republic put aside its traditional structure of two consuls overseeing the senate to establish what was termed the decemviri, a r...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

The French New Wave

...The marvelous five directors that made the French New Wave were Francois Truffaut, Claude Chabrol, Eric Romer, Jacques Rivette and Jean- Luc Godard. Directors like Alain Resnais, Agnes Varda, Louis Malle and Chris Marker are also considered as belonging to the movement. But the above mentioned five formed a group of film critics who turned into film making later. The total energetic ambience for the new film movement was set by two great institutions in the history of French cinema ----Cahiers du cinema and The Cinematheque Francaise .Cahiers du Cinema is a militant journal for new film movement founded by the film theorist and critic Andre Bazin in 1950. He edited the journal until his death at the age of forty in 1958.All the five...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

What Are the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Rise of the Modern State

Though the existence of the state can be felt in different walks of everyday life, yet it is an intangible whose nature is impossible to grasp. As a political institution, state embodies the concept of sovereignty. Devetak (2007) describes it as a political unit or a country that possesses sovereignty. State can thus be described as a single, unified whole confined within territorial borders. The state is built in a core geographical area with allowances to a certain extent on the boundaries. According to Strayer (1970), a state exists in the hearts and minds of the people. The collective personality of the state renders it immortal. The state is a multi-faced concept that is fuzzy around its edges. Consequently, we cannot develop...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Info-Point: Marketing of New Touch Screen Information Technology

The development of the new Info-Point technology, a stand-alone information module designed to offer the public information on tourism, local shopping, weather, and transportation, has created the opportunity to successfully market these information technologies to different UK cities. The entire marketing concept is to establish self-service information centers that offer a wide variety of regional information, utilizing an easy-to-use touch screen methodology to cater to a broad mass market of consumers. 

Touch screen interface systems are becoming more and more common in the UK and abroad. During a pilot experiment using touch screen information technology, the automotive manufacturer Lexus piloted an informatio...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

Syllabus Design for Learners of English as a Second Language

The translation and transmutation of syllabuses into the teaching procedures are generally recognized by the established conceptions of the second language learning methodologies, predominant amongst them are the Grammar Translation Method and Audiolingual Method. These notions in addition to the emergent concepts aiding to the structuring of the syllabus and curriculum for English as the Second Language are critically discussed in detail in this literary essay.

English being globally considered and established as the ‘lingua franca’ whether in terms of international communications or technological interrelations, hence English as the second language is extensively popularized and most sought after language...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Word Formation Processes in English

While I have been learning French for years, yet, only basic concepts like the meanings, pronunciations, and basic grammar rules are concerned, I want to understand more about the linguistic aspect, especially the morphological one, of the language. This includes the formation processes of French words and how the French internet languages are different from the traditional word-formation processes. I as well want to discover new information on the computer-mediated languages to improve my informal understanding of both English and French. I am also eager to learn more about the morphological word formation so that I can become a better language teacher.
Linguists categorize words as the small units of syntax within a given l...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

The Rise and Fall of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey

Cardinal Thomas Wolsey was born in 1471 in Ipswich. His father Robert Wolsey was a butcher.2 Thomas Wolsey completed his education at Magdalena College, Oxford and was then appointed a master over there. He became a priest of Marlborough in 1498 and then the chaplain to the archbishop of Canterbury, Henry Dean in 1502. In 1503 after the death of the archbishop, Wolsey became the chaplain to Sir Richard Nanfan. Sir Richard trusted Thomas Wolsey and allowed him to handle a lot of matters of his state. It is believed that it was Sir Richard who introduced Wolsey to King Henry V11. It was after the death of Sir Richard that Thomas Wolsey actually entered politics and came to work under Henry V11. This was the start of his political ca...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Christian Dior: The Man Who Made The World Look New

However, Christian was interested only in the arts and mostly in fashion (YourNewFragrance, 2004). Even as a child he was interested in the life of the artisan community (Hirst, n.d.). Unknown to his parents, he would visit galleries and bars that were frequented by painters and writers such as Picasso and Cocteau. His parents did not allow him to pursue studies at the Academy of Fine Arts and he was forced to enroll at the Faculty of Political Science. He, nevertheless, secretly continued to visit the galleries. After four years at the Faculty of Political Science, it became clear that he would never obtain a degree from there and his mother too lost hopes of seeing him as a diplomat. In the meantime, Dior developed a wide circle...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Comparing the Brave New World and Todays World

... that people view their lives. It also gave rise to the rise of a new ruling class, the capitalists. These were originally the landed aristocracy who saw the value of their landholdings diminish in its importance. Society itself, and perhaps the entire human civilization, had evolved. Masses of poor workers who were originally tenured serfs flocked the cities in search of new jobs and became exploited in the process. Communism was also on the rise to counteract the massive abuses perpetrated by greedy capitalists on the poor workers (Foner, 126). This is an allegory implicit in the very title of the novel. A metamorphosis is an abrupt change or marked transformation in the human living conditions at that time. All things were changing real...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The spread of English and the rise of new Englishes for FREE!

Contact Us