Race and ethnicity are words most commonly confused and used interchangeably, yet both have different meanings. Race is referred to as the difference in skin color, religious preference, nationality and even humanity. Race is a category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior, often on the basis of real or alleged physical characteristics, such as skin color, hair texture, eye shape or other subjectively selected attributes…
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The identity based on environmental, cultural or historical diversity should have no effect on the fact that human beings can and may live differently. All peoples of the world possess equal faculties and can attain the highest levels of intellectual, technical, social, cultural, economical and political development. The difference between the achievements of the people are entirely attributed to geographical, historic, political, economic, social and cultural factors and by no means should form the basis of rank-ordered or classification of peoples of different races.
All human groups no matter what their ethnic origin contribute according to their own genius towards the progress of civilization and culture. Racism and racial prejudice have afflicted the world in ever-changing form. By continuing legislative provisions and administrative practices which are contrary to the principles of human rights, contempt and injustice continues to prevail for certain individuals and groups in a society.
An understanding of the racial issue facing America needs to be viewed in a historical context. The African Americans arrived as slaves, shackled in chains and their social status was defined by their captivity. They were regarded as beings of inferior order and altogether unfit to associate with the white race, either socially or politically. They were deprived of the rights the white man was bound to enjoy and were considered by some as lawful to reduce them to slavery for their benefit.
The criteria by which the social worthiness of individuals is judged and discriminations made are class, caste and the cultural history i.e. the legacy of slavery on race relations as in the case of blacks. The ways in which inequality is institutionalized or the ways by which the socially defined categories of person are rewarded unequally for their social contribution, is by ignoring
the talents and abilities of individuals.
The targeting and mistreatment of ethnic minorities has been a recurrent theme in the history of the modern world. The ethnic cleansing practiced by the Serbians in Bosnia is a recent example and the systematic massacre of the Jews by the Nazis in the Second World War even to this day, is considered a heinous crime by the whole world. Even some European countries have demonstrated very high levels of intolerance, especially towards immigrants of color who have entered their workforce in recent decades.
The society we all live in, is an organic system in which various components work together to contribute to the health of the whole system and some of these systems are more important for the survival of the system as compared to others. Functionalism relies on the metaphor that society is a body or a living system. (Rigney 2001, p. 17) Just as a human organism consists of many parts like the brain, heart, kidneys and lungs etc. which work together for the survival of a person, in the same way the society also consists of multiple cooperative components.
Functional analysis proceeds not by examining the details of specific interaction but by looking at the society as
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(Race and Ethnicity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words - 1)
“Race and Ethnicity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1530673-race-and-ethnicity.
The discussion seeks to answer the question: What does it mean to say that race is a social construction? How is the social meaning of race the result of political struggles? What are the key points about the complex relationship between SES and race? What is the primary institutional mechanism of racism that is a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health?
Although, this happens there are ways in which the scenes have changed. What used to be seen as deviant in earlier decades is not the same as what is seen as deviant in the current films or television episodes. The media in this case the television has a significant role to play in terms of race and ethnicity.
According to the paper the ethnic composition of Britain’s population is very diverse, a factor that Wilbanks attributes to the large-scale immigration of people from former British colonies in Africa, Caribbean, and South Asia after the First and Second World Wars. The immigrants from these regions joined people who had immigrated earlier from continental Europe and Ireland resulting to multiracial, populations with distinct cultures.
She is of Asian origin, coming from Taiwan which gives a good basis to look at the various social-cultural stereotypes associated with Asian people. This interview can be seen as a confirmation about the various theories of dominant and minority ethnic groups.
Ethnicity on the other hand is an old concept we have from the past when society divides people from various tribes and tongues, beliefs, religions and other related requirements (PBS.org). In other words, race may be a more sophisticated approach in order to justify differences, and even to the point of identifying inferiority complex, which at some point ended up to unprecedented negative image of other racial-related activities.
There are many kinds of races and ethnicities in the world that create a difference from one geographic area to another. Countries have become interconnected over the years and there has been lots of travel, migration and mingling of all sorts that have made the presence of all races all over the world.
Omi and Winant (1994, p. 55) state "race is a concept, which signifies and symbolizes social conflicts and interests, by referring to different types of human bodies".
Some sociologists state that the notion of race has always been filled with some socio-cultural meaning, demonstrating an attitude towards 'aliens', expressed through the emphasizing of their most observable physical differences.
The discussion of political freedom and ethnicity might not be of much interest but a discussion made by writers with different point of view on same topic won't be a boring one. I am one of those people standing in the gathering where people were enjoying the discussion made by Leroi Jones, the author of "blues people", and Socrates of "Walking the dog".