StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The major governing factor for climatic changes in the world is attributable to the hemispheric flow. This flow has a definite link in controlling the extent of precipitation and temperature variations in the region. The hemispheric flow had been responsible for the occurrence of extreme weather, like, cold dry winter of 1963 and the dry hot summer of 1976 in Untied Kingdom, substantiating the above fact.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region"

Download file to see previous pages The waves are disturbed by two forcing, namely, Orographic forcing and Thermal forcing. Orographic forcing, more relevant in northern hemisphere owing to dominating surface topography with Rocky Mountain and Tibetan plateau, relates to planetary waves generated due to the compression and expansion of air columns, leading to vortex stretching which can be balanced by the vorticity advection (Dickinson, 1978). Thermal forcing, varying with seasonal change in thermal effect, relates to generation of planetary waves by the adiabatic heating and cooling due to rising and sinking air motions; this maybe balanced by temperature advection (Ashe, 1987). In the subsequent paragraphs we shall examine climate anomalies for a particular region in the context of the large scale hemispheric wave pattern with a multiple objective to firstly, convert temperature and precipitation data, obtained from the Plymouth University Portal, into appropriate graphs, secondly, discuss and compare the seasons with reference to the hemispheric flow and lastly, discuss the possible reason for the variation in the temperature and precipitation on temporal and spatial scales.
Examination of the climate anomalies involved collection of temperature and precipitati...
This was followed by statistical analysis of the data which included determination of mean temperature and standard deviation for the four regions. The monthly hemispheric charts were plotted with the help of NOAA's Climate Diagnostics Centre following the link, http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/cdc/dtat.ncep.reanalysis.derived.html.
Following steps are required for obtaining the plot:-
When the above link opens
Click on 'Pressure level Data'.
The page automatically moves down.
Now click on the 'Geo-potential height'.
This should open a new page, scroll down and
Click on 'make plot (Monthly Mean)'.
To improve the chart quality, adhere to following details:-
Select latitude between 20 and 90N,
Select 500 mb and
Select suitable dates (from, to).
Now, select 'Plot' on white background, Polar stereographic and
Remove Colour Plot.
Finally click on Create Plot.
Figure 1: Map of Europe, Source: Praxis network, 2007
The results were obtained place-wise, for four different regions, for summer and winter seasons. All graphs show the average monthly temperature or precipitation during a season. The data has been taken from the following regions (also marked in Figure 1 above):-
Station
Elevation (m)
Latitude
Longitude
Toulouse
152
43.60 N
1.40 E
Edinburgh
41
55.95 N
3.35 W
Alborg
13
57.10 N
9.87 E
Helsinki
53
60.30 N
25.00 E
Table 1: Region Coordinates
Final Results
Figure 2: shows the average summer temperature for the period 1951-1991 for all stations
Toulouse
The average summer temperature graph shows the average maximum temperatures recorded in Toulouse from 1951 to 1991. The highest average temperature of 21.9 C was recorded in Toulouse in the summer of 1990 while lowest ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region Essay”, n.d.)
Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1530307-climate-anomalies-for-a-particular-region
(Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region Essay)
Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1530307-climate-anomalies-for-a-particular-region.
“Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1530307-climate-anomalies-for-a-particular-region.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region

Calendar Anomalies: Definition and Background Information

... Hemisphere, summer means January, February and March. These countries come from the regions of Asia, Africa, Middle East, Europe, North America, Oceania and South America. Hong and Yu (2009) concluded that stock returns for the summer months of both Northern and Southern Hemisphere countries are significantly lower than the rest of the year, although countries near the tropics do not exhibit much of that phenomenon (pp. 672-702). Another study that goes by another name but has the same effect and feature as the gone fishin’ anomaly is the ‘school-is-out’ effect, which is the focus of research by Coakley et al (2007). There are differences, however, the first being that SO is shorter than gone fishin’ although both are built around the same...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Climate Anomalies and Hemispheric Charts

...The of Plymouth Climate Anomalies and Hemispheric Charts Marine studies B.Sc. EOE 3304 Climatology Work B Leader: Dr. Ken George By Naser Alhasan 23rd of February 2007 Contents 1. Aim 3 2. Objectives 3 3. Introduction 3 4. Results 4 5. Analysis 17 6. Conclusion 23 7. References 24 1. Aim To examine climate anomalies for a particular region in the context of a large scale hemispheric wave pattern. 2. Objective The objective of this report is to analyze data taking into consideration two winter and two summer scenarios. 3. Introduction The earth maintains its energy by four different types of fluxes; sensible heat in the air, latent heat, ocean currents and ice...
25 Pages(6250 words)Essay

Stock Market Anomalies

Stock Market Anomalies Introduction According to Schwert (2003) "These [research] findings raise the possibility that anomalies are more apparent than real. The notoriety associated with the findings of unusual evidence tempts authors to further investigate puzzling anomalies and later try to explain them. But even if the anomalies existed in the sample period in which they were first identified, the activities of practitioners who implement strategies to take advantage of anomalous behavior can cause the anomalies to disappear (as research findings cause the market to become more efficient)."
In finance, anomalies are market activities not in agreement with the forecasting of the efficient market hypothesis (EMH). In detail,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Anomalies of Water

...ANOMALIES OF WATER 5. Water’s high cohesion and high surface tension (its property of “sticking together” strongly, forming droplets and making watersurface resist being stretched or broken). It is certainly not all liquids that have the kind of high cohesion and high surface tension that water has. Most liquids would not allow other particles to float on them because the do not stick together strongly. Subsequently, such liquids cannot form droplets because they cannot resist stretch and will easily break apart. The uniqueness of water’s high cohesion is directly associated with its molecules, which has very strong attraction forces between them. Knowing that water molecules are formed by two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom makes...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Climate

...Running head: Global Warming GLOBAL WARMING Goes Here al Affiliation Goes Here The assignment is regarding the issue of climate change or global warming that is the main concern in environmental studies. The assignment writes a report on an article that was published in Environment 360 at Yale website. This essay discusses one of the most urgent issues in environment studies - climate change or global warming its definition and various controversies that are raging in this area of studies is discussed by author Michael Mann. Introduction This article was written by Michael Mann, one of the most prominent climates scientists. He wrote and published this article on 12 April 2012 in ‘opinion’ section. The main theme of this article...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Climate

...Environmental study – Climate Summary The assignment is regarding the issue of the climate change or global warming that is main concern in environmental studies. The main inspiration of this assignment is an article that was published in Environment 360 at Yale website. This article was written by Michael Mann, one of the most prominent climates Scientist. He wrote and published this article on 12 April 2012 in opinion section. The main theme of this article is to offer detailed information regarding the harassment of the weather scientific community by various section of society, especially the fossil fuel industry. Since the scientific community has identified exploitation of fossil fuel as the main reason for global warming...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Business and Climate Change

The effects of climate change are disrupting business operations and transportation, for example, in the UK; high-sided vehicles are increasingly at risk of accidents from floods and gale-force winds. Such disruptions have the effect of reducing customer demand and purchasing power (Dudek and Wiener 1996, Romm 1999), as products and services become less available due to erratic supply. These disruptions also restrict the ability of the business to grow, as the sales revenues will be insufficient to generate profit for investment purposes. 
Whilst this represents an element of change and uncertainty, climate change-focused corporate actions can have benefits for the organization in the way of new products and new markets...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

The Largest Contributor to Adverse Climate Change - The Global Warming Policy in the US

The paper also hopes to analyze the various alternatives using the Rational Choice Model and to make a plausible recommendation based on the merit of the chosen alternative.
Global Warming policy is dictated and modified by a large number of factors like scientific consensus on causes and effects of Global Warming; public opinion; economic considerations and cost-benefit analysis of policy measures. Though there is a broad agreement on the existence of Global Warming, opinions vary as to its possible causes. The scientific consensus is that Global Warming is caused by Anthropogenic factors, though a small section of people attributes Global Warming to natural causes like the effects of the sun.

Similarly, there are...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Climate Anomalies in the World

...examine climate anomalies for a particular region in the context of the large scale hemispheric wave pattern with a multiple objective to firstly, convert temperature and precipitation data, obtained from the Plymouth University Portal, into appropriate graphs, secondly, discuss and compare the seasons with reference to the hemispheric flow and lastly, discuss the possible reason for the variation in the temperature and precipitation on temporal and spatial scales. Methodology Examination of the climate anomalies involved collection of temperature and precipitation data from four regions which was picked from Plymouth...
18 Pages(4500 words)Research Proposal

HIV/AIDS with Particular Emphasis on Poverty

“Several years of experience in addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic have confirmed that the promotion and protection of human rights constitute an essential component in preventing transmission of HIV and reducing the impact of HIV/AIDS”3 “It is trite to say that law cannot be a panacea for all social ills… the use of criminal law will not be counter-productive, and it will not do more harm than good.4” Hence, special attention should be given to the principle of non-discrimination and equality, and the principle of due process, of international human rights norms, when crafting legislation or policy related to HIV/AIDS, in the light of past and ongoing discrimination and stigma against people living wi...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Contemporary Issues in World of Politics Climate Change Policy

It is more than a particular problem of any specific community. In fact, climate change has a wider global nature compared to other environmental issues and it affects the people of every nation and boundary. Therefore, the issue of climate change has a far wider reach than the other environmental issues and it is an issue concerned with almost all the international communities. It is identifiable that national boundaries may attempt to prevent the movement of people and goods across the boundaries of the nation. However, when it comes to pertinent environmental issues such as climate change, these issues do not stop at borders, making them – some would argue – quintessentially global phenomena. “Climate change i...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Analysis of Articles about Climate Change

Can we imagine an Earth where there are no green mountains, no deep blue seas, and no living creatures? No. But a disaster of such magnitude and dimension is looming over Earth. Humans have identified this threat, defined it and given it a name, global warming. 

It was in the 1990s that the world began to hear serious warnings on global warming and climate change. The summary for policymakers prepared as part of the first assessment report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was the first-ever in-depth study on this topic (Houghton, Jenkins and Ephirams, 1990). This report explored climate change and stumbled upon revolutionary revelations. This study announced in very clear terms that there is a natur...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Russia Influence in the Asia Pacific Region

..., a stable political climate, effectiveness of political authority, geostrategic position, the influence of the military, the strength and the wealth of the economy, and the ability of the nation to keep up with technological development. In Asia, two countries can be said to be among the world’s powerful leaders. These are Japan and China (Ziegler, 1994). This paper shall be about the ability of Russia to influence areas in the Asia-Pacific region, with regards to the development of their energy resources and exporting these to areas in the mentioned region. The writer was able to successfully gather information about the development of Russia’s energy resources for the benefit of other countries (particularly those in the Asia Pacific...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Globalization and Business Enterprise: Climate Change

Since globalization encompasses political, economical and environmental issues, there has been much debate amongst companies on how resources are to be allocated in order to minimize climate change. Climate change is being dealt with on a global scale. The “Green investing is on the rise”, where investors are buying stocks that are environmentally friendly. New Zealand, like other countries, is supporting the cause for environmental protection by legislative measures in trade, bills regarding carbon emissions and by being part of agreements with the UN and the Kyoto Treaty.

Climate change and globalization are intricately linked. With the passage of time, many environmental issues, like global warming, have...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Climate Change and North Atlantic Hurricanes

..., to measure the frequency and alterations with hurricanes, there is the need to create a regional control over different areas, as the region varies by the changes and variation that are within each area. If the simulation changes in one area in one region, it may stay the same in another because o the cycles that are used. The regional areas can also be compared with the 1400 year model which predicts a different atmospheric model that can predict the internal variability with the different climates as well as how each of these are affected specifically through time observations. When looking at this simulation, newer predictions and assumptions for climate change can also be a part of the main attributes of the hurricanes and the rise...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Approaches to Climate Change in the Asia and Pacific Region

...The distinction between climate change mitigation and adaptation is often discussed and debated. Discuss the relative importance of these two approaches to climate change in the Asia and Pacific region. (06.08.11) Abstract Many economies in Asia have been developing at a rapid pace in recent years. The speedy growth of sectors such as transport, agriculture, forestry and energy have created issues of climate change that have the potential to enhance sea levels and to gradually disturb the entire natural habitat that will create complications for future generations. This paper has analyzed the factors that have led to climate change in the Asia Pacific region and examined the issues in the context of the relative importance...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Impacts of Climate Change on Food Production over the Next 50 Years

... changes on the food production are also associated with the physiological effect of carbon dioxide emitted by plants and the responses that are adaptive. On the other hand, there are projections of food productions in agricultural sites, and the data depicts aggregates of the regions engaged in trading and their trade models, such that, this estimation are indicating an increase in the prices of food, risks of food shortage. The impact of climate changes can also be explored through the examination of the fundamental variables in production of food attributed to various countries across the world. In fact, this applies certain survey data, though there are insufficient variations on the crucial variables in the data at a micro-level...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

How Climate Change Is Affecting the Winter Olympic Games

However, a 1986 decision of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) altered the pattern. Today, the two events are held in alternating even-numbered years. The last Winter Olympics took place in Sochi, Russia between 7 and 23 February 2014(Müller, 2014). This paper explores the effect of climate change on the Winter Olympics Games. Special attention is paid to the stance of the major actors in the event on climate change and what the phenomenon tells us about the evolving nature of tourism in the 21st century. Finally, I give my personal take on the issue.
Climate change remains one of the leading topical issues among scientists around the globe(Gomez-Echeverri, 2013). The term refers to the change in the distribution...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region for FREE!

Contact Us