Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann) - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
What Is 'Trust'? (After Niklas Luhmann).
N. Luhmann's sociological theories are not simple academics of a cabinet scientist, as due to his managerial experience the basis of his treatises is empirical. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.5% of users find it useful
What Is Trust (After Niklas Luhmann)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann)"

Download file to see previous pages In his work he views trust as s very important sociological phenomenon that makes possible the functioning of individuals within society, and at the same time the very existence of this society.

Beginning from the 1990s, the sociologists began developing the concept of trust as a key element of social relationships, and the upsurge of interest to the problem of trust is conditioned, among all, by certain characteristics of the modern society, those being more active position of people towards their own future, and at the same time the uncertainty of this future, increased interdependence of individuals and communities, multiple opportunities offered by social and technological development, and the risks connected with them. All these presuppose the necessity of trust for normal and efficient life and social functioning.

Earlier, trust was often characterised as a purely personal attitude, but Luhmann regards is as an aspect of interpersonal relations and a motivating factor for individuals to act. For the scholar, trust is an important element of social, political, personal, and cultural life of any human being.
For N. Luhmann, trust is, above all, the absence of sureness, and the result of the impossibility to predict the future. So, there is no wonder that that the key terms for Luhmann's understanding of the concept of trust are risk and uncertainty. He, however, offers a way to solve the contradiction between trust and certainty.
The main problem when analysing the contemporary society is making no division between trust and non-trust. For Luhmann, there are two structural changes of paramount importance that are happening in the modern world: the diversification and insulation of the known and the unknown, and the growing tendency to substitute risk for danger, i.e. considering and envisaging all the dangerous consequences that may occur as a result of human actions or non-actions.
Differentiating between trust and certainty, Niklas Luhmann pinpoints the fact that in the modern conditions of openness and lack of integration, the nature of relations between trust and certainty are changing. Certainty, for the researcher, is something that presupposes complete absence of any disappointment; whereas trust always takes into account some possible risks, or at least an element of risk.
The main difference between trust and certainty depends on the peculiarities of personal perception and attitude. If a person does not consider any alternatives to some event of action, it means he is certain - that is, in the state of certainty. If, however, a person prefers one action or event to the rest that are potentially possible, this situation is described as a situation of trust. Therefore, even if there is a high possibility of disappointment, preferring a particular line of actions is referred to by Luhmann as trust.
Consequently, it is impossible to either trust or not trust to something that is completely unknown. "[T]rust is only possible in a familiar world; it needs history as a reliable background"1. Only awareness of how the things are (familiarity) makes both trust and distrust possible - it makes any expectations possible, however it does not guarantee that what we are expecting is going to happen. Awareness is not knowledge of how somebody will act, or what ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from
(What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words.
“What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann)

Anti Trust

...? ANTI-TRUST Introduction Health care organization is a type of managed unit that provides health care rendered by professionals and doctors in particular closed network in accordance with HCO’s guidelines. The HCOs reimburse the service provider networks by paying fixed remunerations for each patient. This shifts the risks and liabilities of the patient on the shoulders of the service providers. The objective of the thesis is to research a recent case related to a health care organization in United States that has been charged with anti-trust action. On the basis of this case and lessons learnt from analysis, the report advises and recommends the senior management on how it could avoid threat of Federal Trade Commission (FTC...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Trust Agent

... do is not important; how you do, what you do is more important. The “Six Characteristics of a Trust Agent” elucidated by them are significant. They emphasize the perceptions to implement their ideas for success. “Build an army” is the key component for success in the segment of community building. It is like creating a single window operations facility, as opportunities for collaboration from a number of resources is created. The wise saying goes ‘two heads are better than one.’ When a group of like-minded people join together to secure common outcome the results are bound to be favorable. An individual has limitations. A group has immense possibilities. The next step after amassing the army of like-minded people is to engage and support...
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review

Trust Law

...(sometimes the employees may be required to contribute as well). The concept of trust developed with the purpose of the facilitation of the passage of inheritance and property to a trusted party (trustee or trustees) for the benefit of a third party (beneficiary or beneficiaries).Therefore when trusts are set up in the form of pensions for employee benefits the current and former employees along with their family members become the beneficiaries of this scheme. Hales, C., Gough, O. (2003) These schemes allow the trustees to own the legal title to the assets of the scheme and invest this .They must invest this capital for the benefits of the members of the scheme and look after the interests of pensioners and the current employees. Hales, C...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Express Trust

This may also be associated with duty which by the ethical and moral norms of society you must perform. This is even characterized as a higher form of justice and so important to modern human relations that it has been transformed from a purely ethical concept with limited application to a moral norm of society. Every member of society is bound to uphold it and even becomes embodied in laws.
Express trusts are "built around concepts of loyalty and good faith" (Hudson 2008). In an express trust there exist a relationship where a person entrusts his or her property to another to keep, preserve and latter to give the same property to another person who is meant to benefit from that property. Moreover "The trustee is one example...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Equity and Trust: Trends in Trust Law

...Equity and Trust Dominic died a year ago having appointed Tick and Tock as his trustees. His will contained the following provisions My trustees are to hold 175,000 on trust to distribute as they see fit to the past and present members of Oakley Riding Club who have proved themselves fit to be in the saddle. 2. 16,000 on trust for my niece Abigail so that she can learn to ride 3. 5,000 on trust for my daughter Beatrice so that she can ensure that my old mare Clopalong will be looked after in the manner to which the horse has become accustomed Abigail was aged 15 at the time Dominic died. Soon after Dominic's death Abigail discovered that she was allergic to horse hair and asked for 9,000 from the 16,000 to pay for sailing lessons...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Equity & Trust

... was slower to implement the new system and hence the practice carried on. The promulgation of Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in 1938 led to the abandonment of the old law/equity separation. Even to this date, several states still follow the two court system for Equity and Law. Delaware is a classic example. The matters decided in such courts are largely that fall under corporate law. Besides corporate law, which has its origin in the law of trusts, these courts also consider wills and probate, adoptions and legal guardianships and marriage and divorce. After the merger, American courts adopted the procedures of both the courts to ensure that better justice was delivered to the plaintiffs to all their prayers. Certain devices...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay


...Running Head: Trust Trust s Trust Research Exercises Given the global economic downturn that has affected corporations worldwide, companies have had to make many tough decisions in order to continue staying in business. This has caused many hard feelings amongst employees of companies; who take it as a slap in the face after all the many years of working loyally and hard for a corporation. Also, the uncertainty has left many employees racked with nervous qualms, wondering if they will be the next ones to get fired. Given the world statistics on whether citizens truly trust their companies, surprising results have been unearthed. Citizens in Canada and South Africa trust companies more, relative to those in India, Pakistan and Srilanka...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay


...Client’s 4 March Trust is a very broad term; different people would have different definitions for this word. It is an act which is both emotional as well as logical. A person becomes extremely vulnerable when he trusts another person, this is the emotional side which gets displayed. Logic comes into play when a person is confident that the other person will not take advantage of his situation. This is both logical and emotional, trusting another person has become really difficult because most people do not keep their promises and also try and take advantage of the situation hence disturbing the person who had trusted the other person emotionally. “Emotions associated with trust include companionship, friendship, love, agreement...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Trust computing

...Machine authentication By Machine authentication in a trusted computing system utilizes machine credentials such as machine name and machine certificate or password to authenticate the endpoint. Organizations have a mandate of controlling individuals who are able to access resources and corporate networks. They also control and identify which servers and machines are to be accessed. Implementation of machine authentication ensures that only machines with credentials that are considered appropriate can operate, communicate and access corporate networks. Machine authentication offers organizations a cost effective and easier way for accessing and securing organizational data. One of the benefit of machine authentication is that it enables...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Moffetts Concept of Trust

Several formalities have been associated with the development of the trust, most of which have been formulated with the intent to prevent fraud and misappropriation in the transfer of property, especially from the point of view of payment of taxes, stamp duties and such related fees for the capital wealth. While trust law is said to be administered based on principles of equity, the reality has been quite different and the results of adjudication in trust disputes have been primarily ad hoc, conditioned from a financial perspective rather than to establish any distinct equitable principles. In fact, the law of formalities has created inflexibility in some cases and there have been instances where the interests of beneficiaries hav...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Paper

Contemporary Trust Law

Conversely, the beneficiaries have a correlative right to render the trustee answerable for his actions and, if necessary, compel the performance of his obligations by court order. If there are no beneficiaries with equitable interests in the trust assets, there is, in theory, no one "in whose favor the court can decree specific performance": Morice v Bishop of Durham (1804) 9 Ves.399.
The complexity, of course, with this approach is that it frustrates the requirements of a settlor or testator, who may want to profit a legitimate public object or useful social experiment which does not fall stringently within the definition of charity. A trust, for example, for the promotion of a particular sport (such as angling or yacht rac...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Comparison of Constructive Trust with the Remedy of Restitution under the Common Law

When trying to locate the property loss because of a transfer made under a breach of trust, there are certain issues that need to be taken into account. At the first level, the remedies available by the relevant legal texts tend to differentiate not only regarding their requirements but also their level of protection provided. On the other hand, the application of the rules of common law instead of the ones of equity has to be considered thoroughly and the party that suffered the damage has to evaluate all the parameters regarding his choice as each of the above legal paths has its own advantages. From a general point of view, it has been stated that ‘a person who confers a benefit, normally a money payment, under a mistake,...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Niklas Luhmanns Concept of Trust

...Outline: A) Introduction B. Niklas Luhmann’s concept of trust 1. Trust in modern sociological theories 2. Trust and certainty 3. Trust and risk C) Conclusion. A. Introduction N. Luhmann’s sociological theories are not simple academics of a cabinet scientist, as due to his managerial experience the basis of his treatises is empirical. However, the complex character of his views shows that they have been built not only upon experience, but also upon profound knowledge of sociology, philosophy, psychology and other disciplines, and using analytical skills. In his work he views trust as s very important sociological phenomenon that makes possible the functioning of individuals within society, and at the same time the very existence...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

NASA Shuttle Missions after the Columbia Disaster

Shuttle crewmembers experimented with engineering conceptions, safety systems, and the ship’s robotic arm to determine if it could be utilized.  The Discovery STS 121 delivered an astronaut to the space station which returned its crew number to three.  The last two, Atlantis STS 115 and Discovery 116 made repairs to the Space Station most notably by addressing its structural integrity and electrical system including the replacing of a large solar panel. These latest four missions have laid the groundwork for a safer shuttle program and have significantly increased the Space Station’s capacity to conduct research.

The Discovery STS-114 launched on July 26, 2005, for a 14-day mission. It was the mome...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Analysis of Trust Law Case

Once the court is satisfied that the “declarant had the requisite intention it will strive to validate it.”3 Certainty of intention will therefore be the most important element for determining whether or not the letter constitutes an enforcable trust.

Assuming that the trust held by the trustees under the father’s will trust in favor of Sally and the trust agreement in respect of the horse are valid trusts the question of cetainties are not valid except to the extent that a new trust is created in favor of Sally’s children and thereby extinguishing the previous trusts. This is particularly so with respect to the will trust. The trust agreement over the horse only involves the disposition of a ben...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

A Problem with Categorizing the Secret trust and ascertaining its Jurisprudential Basis

The will itself will make no mention of the secret beneficiary and o9n the face of the will it appears that the money has been left to the named person for them to dispose of the funds as they see fit. Anyone reading the will would be likely to assume that the money has been bequeathed for the benefit of the named individual. Only the named person and the testator will know of the identity of the secret beneficiary and the agreement for the money to be held for the secret beneficiary will not be committed to writing anywhere. With half secret trusts, the trustee will appear in the will as holding the money on trust but the names of the beneficiary will be withheld.

Three elements have to be present for the creation of a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Law Studies: Disposition after the Death

One of the first things that Abelard needs to do is to make sure his wishes are expressed in his will. He may also want to name a close and trustworthy friend to be the executor of his will such that that individual may interview the children of Abelard at the time of his death in order to make a subjective judgment as to whether the children are in fact followers of the Christian faith or if they are only claiming to be. In the event that the children have deceased, then Abelard’s furniture is to go to a museum that may also be executed by Abelard’s chosen executor. In addition to naming the executor, it is critical that Abelard ensure that communication regarding his exact intentions is in detail, within the will and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Events which Has Powerful Impact on the American People after World War II

In the 1950s this paper had provided literature on the impact of the McCarthyism era on American people, the paper also displays the horrifying experiences that the Americans and their industries have to deal with due to alleged claims by the senator  “Joseph McCarthy”. In the 1960s, this paper highlights the ways in which the American populations were affected by the Vietnam war despite the fact that the war was not fought on their land. In the 1970s, this paper discusses Nixon’s Watergate scandal which was the biggest scandal exposed in the history of America and how it leads to awareness of regulating authorities, mass media and citizens. In the 1980s, this paper discusses the economic boom led by the eco...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Evaluating the Nature Of Co-Ownership of Property and Trust Relationship

Technically, the rule on implied sharing in the property emanates from the assumption that the people involved in the transaction are partners. The rights of the parties in an implied partnership and sharing of the property need to be defined to determine the just share of the parties. According to Lord Bridge in the case of Lloyds Bank v Rosset1, to determine the sharing of the property, there is a need to establish the kind of agreement that the parties have over their affair. To do this, the court said in the case of Lloyds Bank v Rosset that we must look into the conduct of the parties when it comes to “sharing the house as their home and managing their joint affairs”2.

According to Lord Bridge in the ca...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Air Traffic Control Security before 9/11 and after 9/11

...AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SECURITY BEFORE 9/11 AND AFTER 9/11 s Department of Homeland Security has a major responsibility of taking care of the lives of every American by preventing any form of terrorist attack as witnessed in 9/11. The department of homeland security is only able to prevent these vicious acts from happening by preventing unauthorized acquisition of chemical, biological, nuclear material and any other radiological equipment that can be used by terrorist to bring down United States. Securing and protecting the US borders is the second mission of homeland security. The borders include land, air, and sea. The protection helps in preventing entry of illegal people and weapons into the country. With this protection, the country...
11 Pages(2750 words)Thesis Proposal
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic What Is 'Trust' (After Niklas Luhmann) for FREE!

Contact Us